Thermal Uses and Properties of Carbohydrates and Lignins

Thermal Uses and Properties of Carbohydrates and Lignins

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Fred Shafizadeh
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141536

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Description

Thermal Uses and Properties of Carbohydrates and Lignins contains the proceedings of the Symposium on Thermal Uses and Properties of Carbohydrates and Lignins, held during the 172nd National Meeting of the American Chemical Society in San Francisco, California, in September 1976. Contributors focus on thermal uses and properties of carbohydrates and lignins and discuss processes ranging from combustion and pyrolysis to thermal degradation and decomposition, gasification, and catalytic conversion. This text is comprised of 17 chapters; the first of which introduces the reader to the relationship between the chemical composition, combustion, heat release, and pyrolysis of cellulosic materials. The chapters that follow explore the kinetics of solid-phase cellulose pyrolysis; flash pyrolysis of holocellulose from loblolly pine bark; and the decomposition products of Douglas fir under varying conditions. The influence of crystallinity on the thermal properties of cellulose; energy considerations in the pyrolysis-gasification-combustion process; and the catalytic conversion of carbohydrates to synthesis gas are also considered. This book highlights the diversity and complexity of uses for renewable resources, as well as the problem of turning cellulose and lignin into useful products for society. At one level, the chapters present fundamental research; at another they consider specific processes for resource utilization. This book will be of interest to professionals working in fields such as chemistry, forestry, and agriculture.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Combustion Characteristics of Cellulosic Fuels

    Kinetics of Solid-Phase Cellulose Pyrolysis

    Flash Pyrolysis of Holocellulose from Loblolly Pine Bark

    Comparison of the Thermal Degradation Products of α-Cellulose and Douglas Fir under Inert and Oxidative Environments

    Influence of Crystallinity on the Thermal Properties of Cellulose

    The Pyrolysis-Gasification-Combustion Process: Energy Considerations and Overall Processing

    Catalytic Conversion of Carbohydrates to Synthesis Gas

    Mixing Urban Waste and Wood Waste for Gasification in a Purox™ Reactor

    Pyrolysis of Pine Sawdust

    The Energy Plantation: Design, Operation and Economic Potential

    Results of a National Survey of Cellulosic Waste: Characteristics and Processes for Their Conversion to Energy Forms

    Electrical Energy Storage Capacity of Lignocellulose Pyrolyzates

    Indirect Pyrolysis of Kraft Black Liquors

    Forest Fires and the Chemistry of Forest Fuels

    Ketene Formation from the Pyrolysis of Carbohydrates

    Thermal Decomposition and Gas Phase Analysis of Carbohydrates Found in Tobacco

    Concluding Discussion of Salient Issues

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141536

About the Editor

Fred Shafizadeh

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