Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials

1st Edition - December 28, 1981

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  • Editor: Edith Turi
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141888

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Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials is a critical review and a concise evaluation of the application of thermal analysis in polymer science and engineering. This book is divided into nine chapters that specifically tackle the instrumentation, theory, and a wide variety of applications of thermal characterization. The introductory chapters provide an overview of all aspects of thermal analytical methods and apparatus and the theory underlying the basic principles of thermal analysis. These chapters also examine the theories and functions of state for thermometry, dilatometry, thermomechanical analysis, calorimetry, thermogravimetry. These topics are followed by a discussion on single-component and multicomponent systems and their phase transitions, as influenced by concentration, pressure, deformation, molecular weight, and copolymerization. The subsequent chapters explore the influence of important chemical and physical parameters on the glass transition, crystallization, and melting of thermoplastic materials. The discussion then shifts to the theoretical aspects of polymer-polymer compatibility, phase separation, and miscibility in mixed polymer systems. This book further considers the thermal analysis in thermosets, elastomers, and fibers. The concluding chapters present the methods of obtaining information on the relative flammability properties of polymers, for screening fire retardant additives, and for studying the mechanism of flame inhibition. These chapters also look into the thermal analysis of antioxidants, stabilizers, lubricants, plasticizers, impact modifiers, and fire retardants. Polymer scientists and researchers will find this book invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1. Instrumentation

    I. Introduction

    II. Thermal Analysis Techniques

    III. Thermogravimetry—the Thermobalance

    IV. Commercial Thermobalances

    V. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

    VI. Commercial DTA and DSC Instruments

    VII. Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA)

    VIII. Evolved Gas Detection and Evolved Gas Analysis

    IX. Miscellaneous Thermal Analysis Techniques

    X. Conclusions


    Chapter 2. The Basis of Thermal Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Microscopic Structure of Materials

    III. The Macroscopic Description of Materials

    IV. Characterization of One-Component Systems

    V. Characterization of Multicomponent Systems

    VI. Conclusions

    VII. Recommendations


    Chapter 3. Thermoplastic Polymers

    I. Introduction

    II. Material Classification and Relevant Chemical and Physical Parameters to the Thermal Behavior of Thermoplastics

    III. Thermally Activated Processes and the Effect of Molecular and Morphological Parameters

    IV. Thermal Behavior of Thermoplastics in Interactive and Degrading Environments

    V. Typical Applications of Thermoanalytical Techniques

    VI. Thermal and Complementary Techniques for Investigative Studies

    VII. Special Topics

    VIII. Conclusion


    Chapter 4. Block Copolymers and Polyblends

    I. Introduction

    II. Block and Graft Copolymers

    III. Polyblends

    IV. Conclusion


    Chapter 5. Thermosets

    I. Introduction

    II. Thermophysical Property Measurements

    III. Effects of Catalysts, Fillers, Water, and Other Constituents

    IV. Cure Kinetics from Dynamic Experiments

    V. Specific Polymers: Chemistry and Trade Names

    VI. Conclusions


    Chapter 6. Elastomers

    I. Introduction

    II. Nomenclature

    III. Experimental Considerations

    IV. Analysis of Single-Elastomer Systems

    V. Analysis of Elastomer Blends

    VI. Block Polymers

    VII. Analysis of Cure Characteristics

    VIII. Evaluation of Vulcanizate Composition by TG and DTG

    IX. Application of Thermal Analyses to Commercial Elastomer Systems

    X. Thermal Analysis of Elastomer Systems: Status and Outlook


    Chapter 7. Fibers

    I. Introduction

    II. Characterization of Fibers by TA

    III. Specific Fibers

    IV. Conclusions


    Chapter 8. Thermal Analysis in Polymer Flammability

    I. Introduction

    II. Polymer Flammability

    III. Thermal Analysis and Flammability Evaluation

    IV. Conclusions


    Chapter 9. Thermal Analysis of Additives in Polymers

    I. Introduction

    II. Protective Agents

    III. Plasticizers

    IV. Other Additives

    V. Conclusion


    List of Symbols

    Conversion Table

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 986
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: December 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141888

About the Editor

Edith Turi

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