Thermal Analysis

Thermal Analysis

From Introductory Fundamentals to Advanced Applications

1st Edition - June 23, 2021

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  • Authors: El-Zeiny Ebeid, Mohamed Zakaria
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323901925
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323901918

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Description

Thermal Analysis: From Introductory Fundamentals to Advanced Applications presents an easy-to-understand introduction to Thermal Analysis (TA) principles alongside in-depth coverage of the wide variety of techniques currently in use across several industries. It covers differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), temperature modulated DSC (TMDSC), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetry (TG) or thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), thermomechanical analysis (TMA), differential photo-calorimetry (DPC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermodilatometry (TD), dielectric thermal analysis (DEA), thermally-stimulated current (TSC), emanation thermal analysis (ETA), thermoluminescence (TL), fast scanning calorimetry (FSC), and microcalorimetry. Chapters define the various TA techniques, report the Temperature-Modulated DSC (TMDSC) method and its applications, especially its use for studying the thermodynamic properties of polymers and pharmaceuticals, focus on the potential of TA in materials science with applications in chemistry and engineering, demonstrate, in detail, the various applications of TA in food, electronic industries, solid-state reactions, chemistry of polymers and large directing agents, kinetic studies, demonstrate the crystal structure and phase changes occurring upon heating by TA, and the potential of TA in recycling and waste management.

Key Features

  • Gives a solid introduction to the scientific principles of TA for those who are new to these techniques or need a deeper understanding
  • Illustrates concepts with more than 100 schematic and analysis curves, several flow charts, process diagrams and photographs
  • Contains chapters that cover the user of TA in materials science and crystal structures

Readership

Researchers using Thermal Analysis in materials design, chemical engineering, food quality, chemicals, electronics, industrial chemistry, and waste management and recycling. Upper undergraduate and graduate students and educators in chemistry, physics, physical science, and materials science

Table of Contents

  • Chapter I: State-of-the-Art and Definitions of Various Thermal Analysis Techniques
    Definitions
    Instrumentation of DSC and DTA
    Differential photo-calorimetry (DPC)
    Pressure differential scanning calorimetry (PDSC)
    Low temperature type DSC
    General thermodynamic relationships
    Thermogravimetry (TG) or thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
    Thermomechanical analysis (TMA)
    Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA)
    Dielectric thermal analysis (DEA)
    Thermally- stimulated current (TSC)
    Emanation thermal analysis (ETA)
    Thermoluminescence (TL)
    Fast scanning calorimetry (FSC)
    Microcalorimetry
    Laser flash method thermal constant measuring LF/TCM
    Moisture evolution analyzers (MEA)
    Thermal analysis data processing system
    Summary
    Reference

    Chapter 2: Temperature-Modulated DSC (TMDSC)
    Production of nanostructured metal oxides
    Estimation of carbon content
    Production of metal carbides and metals and alloys nanoparticles
    Production of metal sulfides, selenides and phosphides
    TGA in sol-gel science
    Estimation of metal’s molar mass
    Estimating oxygen content in metal oxides
    Carbonization
    Summary
    References

    Chapter 3: Thermal Analysis in Materials Science
    Production of nanostructured metal oxides
    Estimation of carbon content
    Production of metal carbides and metals and alloys nanoparticles
    Production of metal sulfides, selenides and phosphides
    TGA in sol-gel science
    Estimation of metal’s molar mass
    Estimating oxygen content in metal oxides
    Carbonization
    Summary
    References

    Chapter 4: Applications of TA
    TA in food industry
    TA of soap and detergents
    TA in electronics industry
    Polymer crystallinity
    Polymer blends
    TA in fossil fuel research
    TA in clays
    TA in cement industry
    TA in explosives
    TA in testing the loading efficiencies of drugs
    TA in solid state reaction kinetics
    Summary
    References

    Chapter 5: Thermal Analysis in Studying the Phase Problem
    Crystal structure transformation
    Topotactic thermal conversion
    Constructing phase diagrams using TA techniques
    Thermoelectric materials
    Phase transformations in organic compounds and drugs
    Summary
    References

    Chapter 6: Thermal Analysis in Recycling and Waste Management
    Identity of the mixed recycled plastics using DSC
    TGA in the transformation processes of waste rubber and plastic products for energy carriers
    TGA characteristics and kinetics of scrap tyre- biomass co-pyrolysis
    Capture of organic iodides from nuclear waste
    Chalcogenide aerogels as sorbents for radioactive iodine
    Sandia Octahedral Molecular Sieves (SOMS) and their related perovskites in nuclear waste management
    Study of nuclear graphite using TGA
    Thermal oxidation of nuclear graphite
    Thermal characteristics of spent activated carbon (SAC) generated from air cleaning units
    Cold-cap reactions in vitrification of nuclear waste glass
    TA in vitrification of radioactive spent ion exchange resins (SIER) in borosilicate glass
    TA in electronics waste recycling
    Summary
    References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: June 23, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323901925
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323901918

About the Authors

El-Zeiny Ebeid

El-Zeiny M. Ebeid is a Professor of Physical Chemistry, Tanta University, Egypt. He received his PhD under joint supervision between Tanta University and UCW, UK in 1980. He was a Visitor to the University of Kent at Canterbury and Kon-stanz Universities. He won the Egyptian National Academy of Science Award. He co-authored several published books including the book Photophysical and Laser-Based Techniques in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, Book Surge Publisher (2006), USA. He is a Member of the American Nano Society. He has more than 80 publications in international scientific Journals. His areas of interest are in the fields of laser chemistry, solid state chemistry, and nanomaterials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt

Mohamed Zakaria

Mohamed B. Zakaria is a Lecturer of Physical Chemistry, Tanta University, Egypt. He received his BSc in Chemistry and MSc in Physical Chemistry from Tanta University and his PhD (2016) in Engineering from Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan. He did his postdoctoral research at National Institute for Materials Science as a JSPS Fellow from 2016-2018. He is a research Fellow of National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; and Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN), The University of Queensland (UQ), Brisbane, Australia. Mohamed was awarded a Humboldt Research Fellowship in March 2020 at Ruhr University Bochum and Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Bochum, Germany. He’s received many awards including IAAM Young Scientist Prestigious Medal (2018) and IAAM Lecture Award (2020), best posters award of Energy & Environmental Science and APL Materials journals (2015). He has published 50 articles in the fields of Nanostructured Materials Engineering for Energy Storage and Conversion, Catalysis & Electronics

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer, Physical Chemistry and Researcher, International Research Center for Materials Nanoarchitechtonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Japan

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Mohamed H. Tue May 25 2021

    Mohamed Barakat Zakaria Hegazy

    This book really is useful for researchers using Thermal Analysis in materials design, chemical engineering, food quality, chemicals, electronics, industrial chemistry, and waste management and recycling. Upper undergraduate and graduate students and educators in chemistry, physics, physical science, and materials science