The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars

1st Edition - December 5, 2020

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  • Authors: James Zimbelman, David Crown, Peter Mouginis-Mark, Tracy Gregg
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128228777
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128228760

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The Volcanoes of Mars offers a clear, cohesive summary of Mars volcanology. It begins with an introduction to the geology and geography of the red planet and an overview of its volcanic history, and continues to discuss each distinct volcanic province, identifying the common and unique aspects of each region. Incorporating basic volcanological information and constraints on the regional geologic history derived from geologic mapping, the book also examines current constraints on the composition of the volcanic rocks as investigated by both orbiting spacecraft and rovers. In addition, it compares the features of Martian volcanoes to those seen on other volcanic bodies. Concluding with prospects for new knowledge to be gained from future Mars missions, this book brings researchers in volcanology and the study of Mars up to date on the latest findings in the study of volcanoes on Mars, allowing the reader to compare and contrast Martian volcanoes to volcanoes studied on Earth and throughout the Solar System.

Key Features

  • Presents clearly organized text and figures that will quickly allow the reader to find specific aspects of Martian volcanism
  • Includes definitions of geological and volcanological terms throughout to aid interdisciplinary understanding
  • Summarizes key results for each volcanic region of Mars and provides copious citations to the research literature to facilitate further discovery
  • Synthesizes the most current data from multiple spacecraft missions, including the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, as well as geochemical data from Martian meteorites
  • Utilizes published geologic mapping results to highlight the detailed knowledge that exists for each region


Advanced undergraduate to beginning graduate students and researchers studying Mars and volcanology (including Earth Science)

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • About the authors
  • Preface
  • On the cover
  • 1: Introduction: Welcome to Mars!
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Introduction
  • 1.2: Learning about Mars
  • 1.3: Geology
  • 1.4: Volcanism
  • 1.5: Plate tectonics
  • 1.6: Samples from Mars
  • 1.7: Chronology
  • 1.8: Outline of the book
  • 2: Areography
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Introduction
  • 2.2: Physiography
  • 2.3: Background: Martian volcanoes
  • 2.4: Geologic mapping of Martian volcanoes
  • 2.5: Conclusion
  • 3: The Tharsis Province
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Volcanic constructs
  • 3.3: Unique features of Olympus Mons
  • 3.4: Central plains of Tharsis
  • 3.5: Explosive volcanism?
  • 3.6: The role of glaciation
  • 3.7: The uniqueness of Tharsis
  • 3.8: Tharsis as the source for SNC meteorites
  • 3.9: Summary and conclusions
  • 4: The Elysium Province
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 4.1: Introduction
  • 4.2: Volcanic constructs
  • 4.3: Volcanic flows
  • 4.4: The role of ice
  • 4.5: Recent activity
  • 4.6: Unanswered questions and future studies
  • 5: The Circum-Hellas Province
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: Spacecraft exploration
  • 5.3: Central volcanoes
  • 5.4: Post-Viking geologic investigations
  • 5.5: Volcanic history
  • 5.6: Future research
  • 6: Syrtis Major and small highland volcanoes
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: Regional geography and geology
  • 6.3: Tectonic and volcanic history
  • 6.4: Composition of Syrtis Major deposits
  • 6.5: Exploration of Jezero crater
  • 6.6: Small highland volcanoes
  • 6.7: Conclusions
  • 7: Medusae Fossae Formation and the northern lowlands
  • Abstract
  • 7.1: Introduction
  • 7.2: Observations of MFF
  • 7.3: Interpretations of MFF
  • 7.4: Explosive eruptions on Mars
  • 7.5: Recent studies of MFF
  • 7.6: Apollinaris Mons
  • 7.7: Volcanic explosions in the northern lowlands
  • 7.8: Conclusions
  • 8: Igneous composition
  • Abstract
  • 8.1: Introduction
  • 8.2: Why is composition important?
  • 8.3: Composition at a distance (remote sensing)
  • 8.4: Composition from the Martian surface (in situ)
  • 8.5: Combining orbital and surface data
  • 8.6: Martian meteorites
  • 8.7: Synthesis
  • 8.8: What does it all mean?
  • 9: Lava worlds: Cosmic cousins
  • Abstract
  • 9.1: Introduction
  • 9.2: Earth
  • 9.3: The Moon
  • 9.4: Venus
  • 9.5: Mercury
  • 9.6: Io
  • 9.7: Asteroids and silicate volcanism
  • 9.8: Cryovolcanism
  • 9.9: Summary
  • 10: What's next?
  • Abstract
  • 10.1: Introduction
  • 10.2: InSight
  • 10.3: Mars 2020 “Perseverance” rover (NASA)
  • 10.4: ExoMars 2022 rover (ESA)
  • 10.5: Other near-term Mars missions
  • 10.6: Mars Sample Return (MSR)
  • 10.7: Humans to Mars (… eventually …)
  • 10.8: The allure of Mars
  • Appendix
  • USGS geologic maps of Mars including Martian volcanoes
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 260
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2020
  • Published: December 5, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128228777
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128228760

About the Authors

James Zimbelman

James R. Zimbelman is Senior Geologist Emeritus at the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies in the National Air and Space Museum at the Smithsonian Institution, where he studies planetary geology including the geologic analysis of remote sensing data of Mars, geologic mapping of Mars and Venus, the study of long lava flows on the terrestrial planets, and field studies of volcanic, aeolian and pluvial features. In 2013 he received the Ronald Greeley Award for Distinguished Service, and in 2020 the G. K. Gilbert Award, both from the Planetary Geology Division (PGD) of the Geological Society of America (GSA). He is a Fellow of GSA, has served as Secretary of the American Geophysical Union’s Planetary Sciences section, an officer in PGD, and chair of the NASM Center for Earth and Planetary Studies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Geologist Emeritus, Center for Earth and Planetary Studies, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States

David Crown

David A. Crown is a Senior Scientist at the Planetary Science Institute (Tucson, AZ), with professional interests in planetary geology, physical volcanology, remote sensing, and science education. His research studies focus on understanding the geologic histories of the rocky planetary bodies in the solar system and include geologic mapping investigations of the surfaces of Mars, Venus, Io, and Ceres, use of spacecraft and airborne remote sensing data for geologic analyses of planetary surface features, field investigations of volcanic deposits, and the development and application of models for geologic flows. He has published nine geologic maps of Mars to-date, eight of which examined the geology of the Hellas region. He has conducted field studies of volcanic terrains in the western continental US, Hawai’i, Mexico, and in the Central Andes of Bolivia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Scientist, Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, United States

Peter Mouginis-Mark

Peter J. Mouginis-Mark is an Emeritus Researcher at the Hawai‘i Institute Geophysics and Planetology (HIGP), University of Hawaii (UH). For more than 40 years, he has studied volcanoes in the Solar System and on Earth. He has conducted field work not only in Hawai‘i, but also such diverse places as the Galapagos Islands, Reunion Island, Chile, Java, Iceland, Nicaragua, and the Philippines. He has served as Geology Program Manager at NASA Headquarters, and the Director of HIGP and Associate Dean for Research, College of Engineering, both at UH. He was Principal Investigator for an international 14-year NASA study to use satellites to study active volcanoes on Earth, and has been a leader for 13 NASA week-long planetary volcanology field workshops in Hawai‘i. Pete has published more than 125 peer-reviewed research papers, of which 35 have focused on Martian volcanism.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Researcher, Hawai’i Institute Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai’i, Honolulu, HI, United States

Tracy Gregg

Tracy K.P. Gregg is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geology at the University at Buffalo in Buffalo, NY. Her primary research interest is lava flows, and she is not particular about where they are or their composition. She has done field work on lava flows in Idaho, Peru, Iceland and Hawaii; as well as studied volcanic morphologies on Mars, the Moon, Venus, and Jupiter’s moon Io. She has personally investigated lavas at the East Pacific Rise and the Galapagos Spreading Center, more than 2500 m below sea level, from the safety of the submersible Alvin. She supervised the NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Undergraduate Research Program (PGGURP) for 20 years, and is now helping to run its sequel (Summer Undergraduate Program in Planetary Research, or SUPPR). Tracy is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America (GSA), and was awarded the Ronald Greeley Award for Distinguished Service from the GSA Planetary Geology Division.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Geology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, United States

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