The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans

1st Edition - December 1, 2021

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  • Editors: Paul O. Awoyera, Carlos Thomas, Mehmet Serkan Kirgiz
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241066
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241059

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The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced with Fillers and Pozzolans presents a review on the use of by-products, fillers and pozzolanic materials in the development of concrete, with an emphasis on structural integrity. The volume is broken down into key sections, including a review of the types of materials that are used as latent hydraulic supplements, fillers and pozzolans for making recycled aggregate concrete, rheology and hydration phenomenon, the mechanical and microscale nature of concrete, and the impact of fillers and pozzolans on the workability of concrete with case studies. Durability and strength development are also discussed. The final section looks at issues such as performance effect, LCA, environmental impact, sustainability and cost benefit analysis. With detailed case studies throughout, this volume will provide useful information for all stakeholders involved in the built environment, including materials scientists, civil engineers, builders, architects and policymakers.

Key Features

  • Identifies several potential by-products, fillers and pozzolans for the development of durable concrete
  • Acts as a guidebook for constructors and researchers working in the broad field of material science, engineering and in-situ application
  • Presents the durability properties of concrete made of by-products, fillers and pozzolans


Academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists and civil engineers who are working in the development of construction materials and utilization of waste and other fine by-products in the production of concrete. Postgraduate students

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Section I: Potential fillers and pozzolans for recycled aggregate concrete
  • 1. The use of foundry sand for recycled aggregate concrete
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Foundry sand generation
  • 1.3 Physical-chemical properties of foundry sand
  • 1.4 Foundry sand in concrete
  • 1.5 Fresh properties of concrete with foundry sand
  • 1.6 Mechanical properties of concrete with foundry sand
  • 1.7 Compressive strength
  • 1.8 Flexural strength
  • 1.9 Durability
  • 1.10 Carbonation depth
  • 1.11 Acid environment
  • 1.12 Sulfate resistance
  • 1.13 Rapid chloride penetration
  • 1.14 Other applications of foundry sand
  • 1.15 Foundry sand in road construction
  • 1.16 Foundry sand in masonry elements
  • 1.17 Conclusions
  • References
  • 2. Influence of fly ash in physical and mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Effect of FA on mechanical properties of RAC
  • 2.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Further reading
  • 3. Use of recycled fines from waste concrete as an admixture in new concrete
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Grinding, water demand, and potential filler effect
  • 3.3 Hydraulic activity in recycled concrete fines
  • 3.4 Thermal activation
  • 3.5 Use as fines in self-compacting concrete
  • 3.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 4. Use of agro-industrial waste as a filler for structural reinforcement mortars
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Objective and originality of this work
  • 4.3 Materials and methods
  • 4.4 Results and discussion
  • 4.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Further reading
  • 5. Colemanite filler from wastes in recycled concrete
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Structure and properties of colemanite
  • 5.3 Main applications of colemanite fillers
  • 5.4 Properties of concrete with colemanite fillers
  • 5.5 Properties of concrete with colemanite aggregate
  • 5.6 Conclusions
  • 5.7 Future trends
  • References
  • 6. Fillers and additions from industrial waste for recycled aggregate concrete
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Concrete industry sustainability
  • 6.3 Recycled concretes containing supplementary cementitious materials
  • 6.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 7. The use of slags in recycled aggregate concrete
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 The production process for slag
  • 7.3 Slag as aggregates in recycled aggregates concrete
  • 7.4 Slag as admixtures in recycled aggregates concrete
  • 7.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Further reading
  • 8. The use of rice hush ash in eco-concrete
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Historical background investigation
  • 8.3 Material and methodology
  • 8.4 Fresh concrete properties of RHA
  • 8.5 Consistency and setting times
  • 8.6 Hardened properties concrete of RHA
  • 8.7 Splitting tensile strength
  • 8.8 Modulus of elasticity
  • 8.9 Durability properties
  • 8.10 Water absorption properties
  • 8.11 Shrinkage properties knowledge
  • 8.12 Alkali-silica reaction
  • 8.13 Chloride resistance methods
  • 8.14 Sulfate resistance
  • 8.15 Carbonation
  • 8.16 Conclusion
  • References
  • 9. Specialized concrete made of processed biomass ash: lightweight, self-compacting, and geopolymeric concrete
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Biomass ash to produce specialized concrete
  • 9.3 Eco-efficient concrete manufactured with biomass ashes
  • 9.4 Lightweight concrete with biomass ashes
  • 9.5 Self-compacting concrete with biomass ash
  • 9.6 Alkaline activated biomass ash for use in geopolymers and concrete
  • 9.7 Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Section II: Rheology and hydration phenomenon in concrete containing fillers and pozzolans
  • 10. Mineralogy and interfacial transition zone features of recycled aggregate concrete
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Analysis of microstructure with SEM and hydration products with XRD and EDS
  • 10.3 Recycled concrete aggregate concrete and supplementary cementitious materials interaction by means of microscale analysis
  • 10.4 Microstructure analysis of recycled concrete aggregate treated in acid
  • 10.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • 11. Water requirement for recycled concrete
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Adaptation the formulas of Bolomey's, Ferret's, Abraham’s and Sterne's mixing for recycled concrete aggregate concrete
  • 11.3 Physical properties of recycled concrete aggregate related to its water requirement
  • 11.4 Mechanical properties of recycled concrete aggregate regarding on water absorption factor
  • 11.5 Chemical properties of recycled concrete aggregate regarding on water absorption factor
  • 11.6 Concluded remarks
  • 11.7 Suggestion
  • Conflict of interest
  • Funding
  • References
  • Section III: Mechanical and microscale nature in recycled concrete
  • 12. Mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete with bottom ash additions
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Conclusions
  • References
  • 13. Macroscopic mechanical characterization of self-compacting recycled concrete mixed with natural lime filler
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 State of the art and purpose of the study
  • 13.2 Materials and methods
  • 13.3 Results and discussion
  • 13.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • 14. Shear strength assessment of reinforced recycled aggregate concrete member
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Recycled aggregate concrete
  • 14.3 Shear strength of recycled aggregate concrete beams
  • 14.4 Existing shear resistance formulations for reinforced concrete beams without stirrups
  • 14.5 Experimental database on shear strength of tested recycled aggregate concrete slender beams
  • 14.6 Characterization of model factor (bias and uncertainty) for shear resistance of recycled aggregate concrete beams without stirrups
  • 14.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • 15. Upcycling CO2 for enhanced performance of recycled aggregate concrete and modeling of properties
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Properties of recycled aggregate concrete incorporating CO2 conditioned aggregate
  • 15.3 Micro scale features of recycled aggregate concrete incorporating CO2 conditioned aggregate
  • 15.4 Modeling and formulation of mechanical properties
  • 15.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 16. Properties of recycled aggregate concrete designed with equivalent mortar volume method
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Equivalent mortar volume method
  • 16.3 Properties of recycled aggregate concrete designed with equivalent mortar volume method
  • 16.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 17. Bending behavior of ecological fiber reinforced concrete
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Parameters influencing bending strength
  • 17.3 Test procedures
  • 17.4 Research on the use of fiber reinforced ecological concrete
  • 17.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • References
  • 18. A penalized regression approach to prediction of triaxial performance of recycled aggregate concrete
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Dataset
  • 18.3 Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator
  • 18.4 Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator model for the triaxial peak stress of recycled concrete aggregate
  • 18.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Section IV: Issues associated with recycled concrete
  • 19. Overview on environmental impact of recycled aggregate concrete incorporating pozzolans or fillers
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Conclusion
  • References
  • 20. Durability assessment of recycled aggregate in concrete production
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Water permeability
  • 20.3 Water absorption–initial surface absorption
  • 20.4 The volume of permeable voids
  • 20.5 Sorptivity
  • 20.6 Dimensional stability of recycled aggregates concrete
  • 20.7 Effect of 100% replacement of coarse and fine aggregates with recycled coarse aggregate on concrete shrinkage
  • 20.8 Effect of various types of recycled aggregate on concrete shrinkage
  • 20.9 The effect of difference in relative humidity on the shrinkage of recycled aggregate concrete
  • 20.10 Models for the determination of shrinkage of recycled aggregate concrete
  • 20.11 Carbonation resistance
  • 20.12 Chloride penetration resistance
  • 20.13 Abrasion
  • 20.14 Fire resistance
  • 20.15 Freeze–thaw resistance and frost damage
  • 20.16 Chemical resistance
  • 20.17 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2021
  • Published: December 1, 2021
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241066
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241059

About the Editors

Paul O. Awoyera

Paul Awoyera is a Senior Lecturer and a Researcher in the areas of concrete structures, structural retrofitting, sustainable/innovative construction materials, fire resistance, non-destructive testing, data science, and applied Artificial Intelligence. He has over 12 years of experience in structural engineering consulting, teaching, and research. He obtained his PhD Degree in Civil Engineering from Covenant University, Nigeria. Dr. Awoyera completed a one-year Post-Doctoral research, focusing on lightweight composite development using paper and ceramic wastes, at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. He was awarded the prestigious Split-Site PhD Scholarship by the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission in the United Kingdom, which was tenable at the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom. Dr. Awoyera is a registered engineer with the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN), a member of the International Association for Engineers (IAENG), and a corporate member of the Nigeria Society of Engineers(NSE). He has published over 100 articles in leading publishing outlets and served as the editor/editorial board member and reviewer for numerous international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, Covenant University, Nigeria

Carlos Thomas

Carlos Thomas is an Associate Professor at the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory in the Civil Engineering School of the University of Cantabria, Spain. He received his International PhD with cum Laude and Extraordinary Doctorate Award in 2013. His research activity has focused on the evaluation of construction, demolition and industry wastes for the manufacture of recycled mortars and concrete. In the last five years, he has participated as Principal Investigator in 5 R&D projects and as a researcher in another 10 R&D projects, with both public and private funding, related to recycled materials. He is the author of 20 JCR papers, one of them certified as one of the 25 most downloaded in ScienceDirect, and more than 80 congress communications and conferences. He has undertaken research stays in France, Germany, Brazil, and Portugal, and he is one of the promoters of the "Spanish Recycled Concrete Network".

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory, Civil Engineering School, University of Cantabria, Spain

Mehmet Serkan Kirgiz

Mehmet Serkan Kırgız is currently a professor at the Trakya University, Turkey. He was previously a professor at the Gazi and Hacettepe Universities, both in Turkey. He has served as Vice Dean, Member of Faculty Management Board, Member of Department Management Board at these institutions. He has authored several peer-reviewed articles and has a national patent on cement manufacturing through the burning of marble powder and brick powder as farina. His major research interests include Ecology based Construction Materials, and Minerals of Raw and By-Product, and upcycling of by-product for sustainable development.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Istanbul University-Cerrahpașa, Avcilar, Turkey

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