The Stress Analysis of Pressure Vessels and Pressure Vessel Components - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080067292, 9781483155425

The Stress Analysis of Pressure Vessels and Pressure Vessel Components

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs in Mechanical Engineering

Editors: S. S. Gill
eBook ISBN: 9781483155425
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1970
Page Count: 602
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The Stress Analysis of Pressure Vessels and Pressure Vessel Components, Volume 3 deals with the basic principles and concepts underlying stress analysis of pressure vessels and related components used in the nuclear energy industry. Among the components subjected to stress analysis are pressure vessel branches, pressure vessel ends, local attachments, and flanges. Smooth and mitered pipe bends, externally pressurized vessels, and creep effects in structures are also analyzed. This book is comprised of 11 chapters that explore the main problems of structural analysis related to the design of metal pressure vessels and components. After introducing the reader to the basic principles of stress analysis, it turns to nozzles in pressure vessels. The shakedown analysis of radial nozzles in spheres is described for pressure, thrust, moment, shear, and combined loading. The problem of pressure vessel ends is treated next, along with local loads applied to pressure vessel shells at nozzles and local attachments such as support points. An analysis of pressure vessels using a computer is also presented. The final chapter describes the analysis of ligament stresses in pressure vessels and includes a discussion on arrays of holes with reinforcement. This volume will be of value to nuclear and structural engineers as well as designers and research workers in the nuclear industry.

Table of Contents

List of contributors


1. Introduction

2. Basic Principles

2.1. Shells of Revolution

2.2. Shallow Spherical Shells

2.3. Cylindrical Shells

2.4. Junction of Shells of Different Geometry

2.5. Limit Analysis of Shells

2.6. Shakedown



3. Pressure Vessel Branches

3.1. Introduction

3.2. The Elastic Analysis of a Spherical Shell

3.3. Elastic Analysis of a Radial Nozzle in a Spherical Shell

3.4. Elastic Analysis of a Non-radial Nozzle in a Spherical Shell

3.5. Elastic Analysis of a Radial Nozzle in a Cylindrical Shell

3.6. Shakedown Pressure for Radial Cylinder-sphere Shell Intersections

3.7. Limit Analysis of Radial Nozzles in Spherical Shells

3.8. Limit Analysis of Radial Nozzles in Cylindrical Shells

3.9. Design of Nozzles in Pressure Vessels



4. Pressure Vessel Ends

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Elastic Analysis

4.3. Plastic Analysis

4.4. Other Topics—Stability under Internal and External Pressure, Approximate Methods, Bursting Pressures

4.5. Conclusion



5. Local Loading and Local Attachments

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Line Loads on Cylindrical Shells

5.3. Rectangular Loading Areas on Cylindrical Shells

5.4. Local Loads on Spherical Shells

5.5. Pressure Stresses at Local Attachments

5.6. Limit Analysis for Local Loads



6. Flanges

6.1. Nature of the Bolted Flanged Joint

6.2. Load-deformation Characteristics of the Joint

6.3. Design Methods

6.4. Stress Analysis of Taper Hub Flanges

6.5. Current Development



7. Smooth and Mitered Pipe Bends

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Smooth Bend under Pressure

7.3. Smooth Bend under In-plane Bending

7.4. Smooth Bend under Out-of-plane Bending

7.5. Smooth Bend under Combined Bending and Internal Pressure

7.6. Multi-miter Bends—Geometry

7.7. In-plane Bending of Multi-miter Bends

7.8. Multi-miter Bends under Other Types of Load

7.9. Single-miter Bends under Internal Pressure

7.10. Single-miter Bends under Bending Loads



8. Computer Analysis of Pressure Vessels

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Elasto-plastic Analysis

8.3. Miscellaneous Analyses

Appendix: Summary of Numerical Methods



9. Externally Pressurized Vessels

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Stress Analysis

9.3. Elastic Stability

9.4. The Effect of Shape Imperfections

9.5. Residual Stresses

9.6. Behavior beyond the Elastic Limit

9.7. Collapse Pressure Prediction

9.8. Design Philosophy



10. Determination of Creep Effects in Structures

10.1. Introduction

10.2. Creep Laws and the Skeletal Point Concept

10.3. A Method of Analysis


11. Analysis of Ligament Stresses in Pressure Vessels

11.1. Introduction

11.2. The Point Matching Method

11.3. Uniform Applied Shear, Superposition and the Equivalent Elastic Constants

11.4. Results for Unreinforced Holes

11.5. Arrays of Holes with Reinforcement

11.6. The Effect of Curvature




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About the Editor

S. S. Gill

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