The Social Impact of Computers - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125971300, 9781483267159

The Social Impact of Computers

1st Edition

Authors: Richard S. Rosenberg
eBook ISBN: 9781483267159
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th February 1992
Page Count: 398
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Description

The Social Impact of Computers should be read as a guide to the social implications of current and future applications of computers. Among the basic themes presented are the following: the changing nature of work in response to technological innovation as well as the threat to jobs; personal freedom in the machine age as manifested by challenges to privacy, dignity, and work; the relationship between advances in computer and communications technology and the possibility of increased centralization of authority; and the emergence and influence of artificial intelligence and its role in decision-making, especially in military applications. The book begins with background and historical information on computers and technology. Separate chapters then cover major applications: business, medicine, education, government; major social issues, including crime, privacy, work; and new technologies and problems: industry regulation, electronic funds transfer systems, international competition, national industrial policies, robotics and industrial automation, productivity, the information society, videotex. The final chapter discusses issues associated with ethics and professionalism. The material presented should be accessible to most university students who have had an introductory course in computer science. Self taught or sufficiently motivated individuals who have gained an understanding of how computers operate should also profit from this book. Especially useful are backgrounds in sociology, economics, history, political science, or philosophy.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

1 Computers are Everywhere

Introduction

A Variety of Applications

Societal Issues

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

2 Computers and the Human Imagination

Introduction

The Intelligent Machine in Fact and Fiction

Computers as a Creative Medium

Contemporary Views of the Machine

Artificial Intelligence: a Brief Introduction

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

3 Criticism and History

Introduction

Comments on Technological Change

A Brief History of Computers

The Emergence of the Chip

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

4 The Business World

Introduction

Data Processing Systems

Management Information Systems: A Promise Unrealized?

The Office of the Future

Organizational and Social Issues

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

5 Medicine and Computers

Introduction

Medical Information Systems

Medical Applications

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Computers and the Disabled

Social Issues

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

6 Computers and Education

Introduction

Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI)

Computer-Assisted Learning (CAL)

Computers in Higher Education

Computer Literacy

Issues and Problems

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

7 Government and Computers

Introduction

Information Processing: Issues and Problems

The Political Process

The Nation's Defense

Issues and Problems

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

8 Computers and the Law

Introduction

Computer Crime

The Legal Protection of Software

Other Developments

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

9 Privacy and Freedom of Information

Introduction

The Nature of Privacy

Databases

Privacy Legislation

Freedom of Information

Issues and Problems: Present and Future

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

10 Employment and Unemployment

Introduction

Experiences of Workers

Computers and Employment

The Response of Unions

Women, Computers, and Work

The Changing Nature of Work

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

11 Business and Government

Introduction

Industry Regulation

EFTS: Electronic Funds Transfer Systems

Competitiveness

National Industrial Policy

Other Issues

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

12 Robotics and Industrial Automation

Introduction

Industrial Robotics

Current Use and Development

Why Use Robots? Work and Productivity

Industrial Automation

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

13 The Information Society

Introduction

The Home/Personal Computer

Electronic Mail, Teleconferencing, and Bulletin Boards

Videotex

Perspectives on the Information Society

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

14 Ethics and Professionalism

Introduction

Ethics

Professionalism

Final Comments

Summary

Notes

Additional Readings

Appendix: Magazines, Journals, and Associations

Index


Details

No. of pages:
398
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1992
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483267159

About the Author

Richard S. Rosenberg