The Science of Grapevines

The Science of Grapevines

Anatomy and Physiology

2nd Edition - January 19, 2015

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  • Author: Markus Keller
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124200081
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124199873

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The Science of Grapevines: Anatomy and Physiology is an introduction to the physical structure of the grapevine, its various organs, their functions and their interactions with the environment. Beginning with a brief overview of the botanical classification (including an introduction to the concepts of species, cultivars, clones, and rootstocks), plant morphology and anatomy, and growth cycles of grapevines, The Science of Grapevines covers the basic concepts in growth and development, water relations, photosynthesis and respiration, mineral uptake and utilization, and carbon partitioning. These concepts are put to use to understand plant-environment interactions including canopy dynamics, yield formation, and fruit composition, and concludes with an introduction to stress physiology, including water stress (drought and flooding), nutrient deficiency and excess, extreme temperatures (heat and cold), and the impact and response to of other organisms. Based on the author’s years of teaching grapevine anatomy as well as his research experience with grapevines and practical experience growing grapes, this book provides an important guide to understanding the entire plant.

Key Features

  • Chapter 7 broken into two chapters, now "Environmental Constraints and Stress Physiology and Chapter 8 "Living with Other Organisms" to better reflect specific concepts
  • Integration of new research results including:
    • Latest research on implementing drip irrigation to maximize sugar accumulation within grapes
    • Effect of drought stress on grapevine’s hydraulic system and options for optimum plant maintenance in drought conditions
    • The recently discovered plant hormone – strigolactones – and their contribution of apical dominance that has suddenly outdated dogma on apical dominance control
  • Chapter summaries added
  • Key literature references missed in the first edition as well as references to research completed since the 1e publication will be added


Vineyard and/or winery owners, growers, vineyard managers, technical viticulturists, winemakers, students, consultants, and wine journalists

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Botany and Anatomy

    • 1.1 Botanical Classification and Geographical Distribution
    • 1.2 Cultivars, Clones, and Rootstocks
    • 1.3 Morphology and Anatomy

    Chapter 2. Phenology and Growth Cycle

    • 2.1 Seasons and Day Length
    • 2.2 Vegetative Cycle
    • 2.3 Reproductive Cycle

    Chapter 3. Water Relations and Nutrient Uptake

    • 3.1 Osmosis, Water Potential, and Cell Expansion
    • 3.2 Transpiration and Stomatal Action
    • 3.3 Water and Nutrient Uptake and Transport

    Chapter 4. Photosynthesis and Respiration

    • 4.1 Light Absorption and Energy Capture
    • 4.2 Carbon Uptake and Assimilation
    • 4.3 Photorespiration
    • 4.4 Respiration
    • 4.5 From Cells to Plants

    Chapter 5. Partitioning of Assimilates

    • 5.1 Photosynthate Translocation and Distribution
    • 5.2 Canopy–Environment Interactions
    • 5.3 Nitrogen Assimilation and Interaction with Carbon Metabolism

    Chapter 6. Developmental Physiology

    • 6.1 Yield Formation
    • 6.2 Grape Composition and Fruit Quality
    • 6.3 Sources of Variation in Fruit Composition

    Chapter 7. Environmental Constraints and Stress Physiology

    • 7.1 Responses to Abiotic Stress
    • 7.2 Water: Too Much or Too Little
    • 7.3 Nutrients: Deficiency and Excess
    • 7.4 Temperature: Too Cold or Too Warm

    Chapter 8. Living with Other Organisms

    • 8.1 Biotic Stress and Evolutionary Arms Races
    • 8.2 Pathogens: Defense and Damage

Product details

  • No. of pages: 522
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2015
  • Published: January 19, 2015
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124200081
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124199873

About the Author

Markus Keller

Dr. Keller received his master's degree in agronomy (plant science) and doctorate in natural sciences from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. He has taught and conducted research in viticulture and grapevine physiology in three continents and is the author of numerous scientific and technical papers and industry articles in addition to being a frequent speaker at scientific conferences and industry meetings and workshops. He also has extensive practical experience in both the vineyard and winery as a result of work in the family enterprise and was awarded the Swiss AgroPrize for innovative contributions to Switzerland's agricultural industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Prosser, WA, USA

Ratings and Reviews

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  • AMIEL H. Sat Aug 21 2021

    Remarkably handy book for anyone interested in understanding grapevines physiological response

    It there is one word that can depict the character of the book, it is “functional”. The contents seem to be built upon a cause- effect rationale, which is really handy for anyone interested in understanding what the advantages of existing chemical, and physical mechanisms in the vines are. Abundant references are provided. The structure of the book is well planned, with answers to many a question, which pop up as the reading goes by. Very interesting read.

  • Balazs M. Thu Dec 28 2017

    the Science of Grapevines

    excellent book