The Release of Catecholamines from Adrenergic Neurons

The Release of Catecholamines from Adrenergic Neurons

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Editor: David M. Paton
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483136523

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The Release of Catecholamines from Adrenergic Neurons focuses on the processes involved in determining the release of catecholamines from neurons, noting the influence of alcohols, analgesics, and acids in the release. The selection first discusses biochemical and ultrastructural studies of the mechanism of release, as well as release of constituents of noradrenergic vesicles upon nerve stimulation; constituents of noradrenergic vesicles; and mechanism of release. The book then takes a look at the role of calcium in catecholamine release from adrenergic nerve terminals and presynaptic adrenoceptors and regulation of release. Topics include calcium-dependent versus calcium-independent noradrenaline release; differences between the presynaptic and postsynaptic alpha-adrenoceptors; and influence of neuronal uptake of noradrenaline on the negative feedback mechanism mediated by presynaptic alpha-adrenoceptors. The publication reviews presynaptic muscarine receptors and inhibition of release, including muscarinic inhibition of noradrenaline release evoked by electrical stimulation of sympathetic nerves; effect of muscarinic agonists on noradrenaline releasing procedures independent of calcium ions; and possible physiological and pharmacological significance of the muscarinic inhibitory mechanism. The text also ponders on the role of prostaglandins, cyclic adenosine monophate, analgesics, peptides, acids, anesthetics, and alcohols in the release. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of the release of catecholamines from adrenergic neurons.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    A. Mechanism and Regulation of Nerve Stimulation

    Biochemical Studies of the Mechanism of Release

    Ultrastructural Studies of the Mechanism of Release

    The Role of Calcium in Catecholamine Release from Adrenergic Nerve Terminals

    Presynaptic Adrenoceptors and Regulation of Release

    Presynaptic Muscarine Receptors and Inhibition of Release

    Role of Prostaglandins and Cyclic Adenosine Monophate in Release

    Presynaptic Regulation of Release in the Central Nervous System

    B. Drugs Modifying Release During Nerve Stimulation

    Modification of Release by Adrenergic Neuron Blocking Agents and Agents That Alter the Action Potential

    Modification of Catecholamine Release by Narcotic Analgesics and Opioid Peptides

    Modification of Release by Lysergic Acid Diethylamide

    Modification of Catecholamine Release by Anaesthetics And Alcohols

    Modification of Release by Adenosine and Adenine Nucleotides

    C. Release Induced by Cations and Drugs

    Release Induced by Nicotinic Agonists

    Release Induced by Calcium Ionophores

    Release Induced by Alterations In Extracellular Potassium and Sodium and by Veratridine and Scorpion Venom

    Release Induced by Phenethylamines

    D. Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology

    Biochemical Assessment of Peripheral Adrenergic Activity

    The Clinical Pharmacology of Adrenergic Neuron Blocking Agents


Product details

  • No. of pages: 406
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483136523

About the Editor

David M. Paton

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