This book, the result of studies undertaken on behalf of the European Commission, examines the current 'state of the art' techniques for the restoration of despoiled lands arising from the coal and steel industries. It provides technical guidance to aid the process of the regeneration of the coal and steel communities of Europe. The chapters are fully cross referenced in the text, and where more technical or specific detail is provided, this has been placed into boxes rather than in the main text.

The book will be of great interest to environmental scientists and engineers, and to all those who are involved in mining, mineral waste, soil pollution and waste management and disposal.

Table of Contents

Preface. Acknowledgements. Use of the book. Introduction. Coal and steel in Europe. The role of the European Community in environmental protection. Derelict land arising from the coal and steel industries. The stimulus for reclamation. Reclamation strategy. The experience of reclamation in Wales. Site Assessment. Introduction. Preliminary planning. Desk study and preliminary investigations. Detailed investigations. Techniques of ground investigation. Investigation of contamination. Assessment of industrial archaeological value. Reclamation proposals. Investigation and Treatment of Mine Workings and Unstable Ground. Introduction. Causes and effects of mining subsidence. Investigation of mine workings. Investigation of shafts and adits. Treatment of shallow workings, shafts and adits. Methods of minimising subsidence damage. Demolition and Site Clearance. Introduction. Colliery site features. Steelworks sites features. Site investigations prior to demolition and site clearance. Demolition works. Recovery and recycling of materials. Industrial archaeology. Re-use of existing buildings and structures. Colliery Spoil Heap Characteristics. Introduction. Impact of spoil heaps. Spoil characteristics. Colliery spoil as a substrate for plant growth. Natural vegetation on colliery spoil heaps. Use of colliery spoil. Colliery Spoil Heap Stability. Introduction. Spoil and tip characteristics. Factors affecting stability. Modes of tip failure. Investigation and stability analysis. Remedial measures on existing tips. Construction methods for new tips and the reshaping of existing tips. Inspections. Colliery Spoil Heap Combustion. Introduction. Causes of combustion. Hazards. Assessment. Methods of treatment of spoil heap combustion. Safety precautions. Methods of prevention of combustion. Colliery Spoil Washing. Introduction. Characterisation of co


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© 1993
Elsevier Science
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