The Radiation Chemistry of Water

The Radiation Chemistry of Water

1st Edition - January 28, 1971

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  • Author: Ivan Draganic
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323158787

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Description

The Radiation Chemistry of Water tackles radiation-induced changes in water and explains the behavior of irradiated water, with some changes in aqueous solutions. This book deals primarily with short-lived species like the hydroxyl radical, hydrated electron, and hydrogen atom, which cause the chemical changes in irradiated water and aqueous solutions. These species and their origin, properties, and dependence of their yields on various factors are discussed in several chapters. Other topics also covered are the diffusion-kinetic model of water radiolysis and some general cases, radiation sources, and dosimetry. This book is most useful to students in the fields of radiation chemistry, physical chemistry, radiobiology, and nuclear technology.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter One. Historical Survey of the Radiation Chemistry of Water

    I. Present Status

    II. Literature

    III. Early Period: Changes are Observed in Solutions in Which the Radiations from Radioactive Substances are Absorbed

    IV. "Photochemical" Reactions Induced by X Rays

    V. Free Radicals as Carriers of Changes in Irradiated Water

    VI. Pulse Radiolysis

    References

    Chapter Two. Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Water and the Origin of Short-Lived Species That Cause Chemical Changes in Irradiated Water

    I. Absorption of Radiation in Water

    II. Excited and Ionized Water Molecules

    III. Fate of Electrons Produced in the Ionization of Water

    IV. Spatial Distribution of Active Species

    V. Brief Survey of Important Events Leading to the Formation of Primary Free-Radical Products in Water Radiolysis

    References

    Chapter Three. Primary Products of Water Radiolysis: Short-Lived Reducing Species—the Hydrated Electron, the Hydrogen Atom, and Molecular Hydrogen

    I. Properties of the Hydrated Electron

    II. The Kinetic Salt Effect as Evidence for the Negative Charge on the Hydrated Electron

    III. Evidence for Two Kinds of Reducing Species from Competition-Kinetic Experiments

    IV. Atomic Hydrogen

    V. Primary Molecular Hydrogen

    References

    Chapter Four. Primary Products of Water Radiolysis: Oxidizing Species—the Hydroxyl Radical and Hydrogen Peroxide

    I. Properties of the Hydroxyl Radical

    II. Forms of the Hydroxyl Radical in Irradiated Water at Various pH's

    III. Relative Rate Constants of Hydroxyl Radical Reactions; Competition Kinetics

    IV. The Hydroperoxyl Radical

    V. Primary Hydrogen Peroxide

    References

    Chapter Five. Radiation-Chemical Yields of the Primary Products of Water Radiolysis and Their Dependence on Various Factors

    I. Remarks Concerning the Radiation-Chemical Yields of Primary Species

    II. Effect of Scavenger Reactivity

    III. GR and GM Values for ?-Irradiated Water at Neutral pH

    IV. Effect of pH

    V. Primary Yields in D2O

    VI. Effect of Linear Energy Transfer

    VII. Effect of Dose Rate

    VIII. Effect of Temperature

    IX. Effect of Pressure

    References

    Chapter Six. Diffusion-Kinetic Model

    I. Basic Assumptions

    II. Some General Cases of the Diffusion-Kinetic Model

    III. Theoretical Predictions and Experimental Observations

    References

    Chapter Seven. Radiation Sources and Irradiation Techniques

    I. Radiation Units with 60CO

    II. Pulsed Electron Beams

    III. Positively Charged Particles

    IV. Some Other Irradiation Techniques

    V. Preparation of Samples for Irradiation

    References

    Chapter Eight. Aqueous Chemical Dosimeters

    I. Chemical Change as a Measure of Absorbed Dose

    II. Ferrous Sulfate Dosimeter (The Fricke Dosimeter)

    III. Ceric Sulfate Dosimeter

    IV. Oxalic Acid Dosimeter

    V. Some Other Systems Used in the Radiation Dosimetry of Water and Aqueous Solutions

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 28, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323158787

About the Author

Ivan Draganic

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