The Radiation Chemistry of Water - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122216503, 9780323158787

The Radiation Chemistry of Water

1st Edition

Authors: Ivan Draganic
eBook ISBN: 9780323158787
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1971
Page Count: 256
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The Radiation Chemistry of Water tackles radiation-induced changes in water and explains the behavior of irradiated water, with some changes in aqueous solutions. This book deals primarily with short-lived species like the hydroxyl radical, hydrated electron, and hydrogen atom, which cause the chemical changes in irradiated water and aqueous solutions. These species and their origin, properties, and dependence of their yields on various factors are discussed in several chapters. Other topics also covered are the diffusion-kinetic model of water radiolysis and some general cases, radiation sources, and dosimetry. This book is most useful to students in the fields of radiation chemistry, physical chemistry, radiobiology, and nuclear technology.

Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgments Chapter One. Historical Survey of the Radiation Chemistry of Water I. Present Status II. Literature III. Early Period: Changes are Observed in Solutions in Which the Radiations from Radioactive Substances are Absorbed IV. "Photochemical" Reactions Induced by X Rays V. Free Radicals as Carriers of Changes in Irradiated Water VI. Pulse Radiolysis References Chapter Two. Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Water and the Origin of Short-Lived Species That Cause Chemical Changes in Irradiated Water I. Absorption of Radiation in Water II. Excited and Ionized Water Molecules III. Fate of Electrons Produced in the Ionization of Water IV. Spatial Distribution of Active Species V. Brief Survey of Important Events Leading to the Formation of Primary Free-Radical Products in Water Radiolysis References Chapter Three. Primary Products of Water Radiolysis: Short-Lived Reducing Species—the Hydrated Electron, the Hydrogen Atom, and Molecular Hydrogen I. Properties of the Hydrated Electron II. The Kinetic Salt Effect as Evidence for the Negative Charge on the Hydrated Electron III. Evidence for Two Kinds of Reducing Species from Competition-Kinetic Experiments IV. Atomic Hydrogen V. Primary Molecular Hydrogen References Chapter Four. Primary Products of Water Radiolysis: Oxidizing Species—the Hydroxyl Radical and Hydrogen Peroxide I. Properties of the Hydroxyl Radical II. Forms of the Hydroxyl Radical in Irradiated Water at Various pH's III. Relative Rate Constants of Hydroxyl Radical Reactions; Competition Kinetics IV. The Hydroperoxyl Radical V. Primary Hydrogen Peroxide References Chapter Five. Radiation-Chemical Yields of the Primary Products of Water Radiolysis and Their Dependence on Various Factors I. Remarks Concerning the Radiation-Chemical Yields of Primary Species II. Effect of Sc


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© Academic Press 1971
Academic Press
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Ivan Draganic

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