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The Radiation Chemistry of Water - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122216503, 9780323158787

The Radiation Chemistry of Water

1st Edition

Author: Ivan Draganic
eBook ISBN: 9780323158787
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1971
Page Count: 256
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The Radiation Chemistry of Water tackles radiation-induced changes in water and explains the behavior of irradiated water, with some changes in aqueous solutions. This book deals primarily with short-lived species like the hydroxyl radical, hydrated electron, and hydrogen atom, which cause the chemical changes in irradiated water and aqueous solutions. These species and their origin, properties, and dependence of their yields on various factors are discussed in several chapters. Other topics also covered are the diffusion-kinetic model of water radiolysis and some general cases, radiation sources, and dosimetry. This book is most useful to students in the fields of radiation chemistry, physical chemistry, radiobiology, and nuclear technology.

Table of Contents



Chapter One. Historical Survey of the Radiation Chemistry of Water

I. Present Status

II. Literature

III. Early Period: Changes are Observed in Solutions in Which the Radiations from Radioactive Substances are Absorbed

IV. "Photochemical" Reactions Induced by X Rays

V. Free Radicals as Carriers of Changes in Irradiated Water

VI. Pulse Radiolysis


Chapter Two. Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Water and the Origin of Short-Lived Species That Cause Chemical Changes in Irradiated Water

I. Absorption of Radiation in Water

II. Excited and Ionized Water Molecules

III. Fate of Electrons Produced in the Ionization of Water

IV. Spatial Distribution of Active Species

V. Brief Survey of Important Events Leading to the Formation of Primary Free-Radical Products in Water Radiolysis


Chapter Three. Primary Products of Water Radiolysis: Short-Lived Reducing Species—the Hydrated Electron, the Hydrogen Atom, and Molecular Hydrogen

I. Properties of the Hydrated Electron

II. The Kinetic Salt Effect as Evidence for the Negative Charge on the Hydrated Electron

III. Evidence for Two Kinds of Reducing Species from Competition-Kinetic Experiments

IV. Atomic Hydrogen

V. Primary Molecular Hydrogen


Chapter Four. Primary Products of Water Radiolysis: Oxidizing Species—the Hydroxyl Radical and Hydrogen Peroxide

I. Properties of the Hydroxyl Radical

II. Forms of the Hydroxyl Radical in Irradiated Water at Various pH's

III. Relative Rate Constants of Hydroxyl Radical Reactions; Competition Kinetics

IV. The Hydroperoxyl Radical

V. Primary Hydrogen Peroxide


Chapter Five. Radiation-Chemical Yields of the Primary Products of Water Radiolysis and Their Dependence on Various Factors

I. Remarks Concerning the Radiation-Chemical Yields of Primary Species

II. Effect of Scavenger Reactivity

III. GR and GM Values for ?-Irradiated Water at Neutral pH

IV. Effect of pH

V. Primary Yields in D2O

VI. Effect of Linear Energy Transfer

VII. Effect of Dose Rate

VIII. Effect of Temperature

IX. Effect of Pressure


Chapter Six. Diffusion-Kinetic Model

I. Basic Assumptions

II. Some General Cases of the Diffusion-Kinetic Model

III. Theoretical Predictions and Experimental Observations


Chapter Seven. Radiation Sources and Irradiation Techniques

I. Radiation Units with 60CO

II. Pulsed Electron Beams

III. Positively Charged Particles

IV. Some Other Irradiation Techniques

V. Preparation of Samples for Irradiation


Chapter Eight. Aqueous Chemical Dosimeters

I. Chemical Change as a Measure of Absorbed Dose

II. Ferrous Sulfate Dosimeter (The Fricke Dosimeter)

III. Ceric Sulfate Dosimeter

IV. Oxalic Acid Dosimeter

V. Some Other Systems Used in the Radiation Dosimetry of Water and Aqueous Solutions


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1971
28th January 1971
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Ivan Draganic

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