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The Psychology of Learning - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080181356, 9781483181653

The Psychology of Learning

1st Edition

An Introduction for Students of Education

Author: Gordon R. Cross
Editor: Edmund King
eBook ISBN: 9781483181653
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 302
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The Psychology of Learning: An Introduction for Students of Education provides a comprehensive coverage of educational psychology. The title tackles various psychological variables that play a critical role in education. The text first deals with learning theories, such as classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and the Gestalt theory. Next, selection deals with the concept of memory, which includes perception, short- and long-term memory, and forgetting. The text also talks about motivation, along with skills and language. Chapter 7 covers thinking and problem-solving, while Chapter 8 tackles intelligence and ability. The coverage of the title also includes personality and morality. The book will be of great use to student teachers, instructors, and behavioral scientists.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Learning I

Concept of Learning


Thorndike's Structure of S-R Bonds

Pavlov's Classical Conditioning

Skinner's Operant Conditioning

Hull's Need Reduction

Chapter 2. Learning II

Tolman's Sign Learning

The "Gestalt" School

Servo-mechanisms and Theoretical Models

Deutsch; Miller's TOTE Plan; Lunzer

Additional reading

Chapter 3. Memory


Broadbent's Model of Selective Attention

Short-term Memory

Long-term Memory


RNA and Memory

Additional Reading

Chapter 4. Motivation

Concept of Motivation

Objectives and Goals

Bloom's Taxonomy

Self-concepts and Ego-involvement

Social-group Influences

Arousal and Vigilance

Additional Reading

Chapter 5. Skills

Nature of Skill

Welford's Model of Sensori-motor Performance

The Acquisition of Skill

Teaching Skills


Transfer of Training

Additional Reading

Chapter 6. Language

Communication in Man and Animals

Acquisition of Language

Behaviorist Theories

Pavlov; Skinner

Early Language Ddevelopment

Babbling and Imitation; Open and Pivot Words; Expansion and Elaboration

Social Aspects

Bernstein; Luria and Yudovitch

Chomsky's Rule Generation Theory

Some Psycholinguistic Experiments

Social Class Differences in Rule Mastery; Difficulty in Making Sentence Transformations; Yngve's Depth Hypothesis; Language and Memory Storage; Phrase Structure and Perception; Function Words and Inflections


Word Association; Semantic Differential

Language Learning

Additional Reading

Chapter 7. Thinking and Problem-solving


Piaget's Theory

(a) Sensori-motor

(b) Preconceptual Thought

(c) Intuitive Thought

(d) Concrete Operations

(e) Formal Operations

Educational Implications of Piaget's Work

Learning Concepts, Rules and Principles

Harlow's Learning Set; Language and Thought; Gagnés Model


Bruner on Scanning and Focusing; Algorithmic and Heuristic Approaches

Principles of Problem-solving

Additional Reading

Chapter 8. Intelligence and Ability

Concept of Intelligence

Fallacies about Intelligence

Innate and Fixed; Development Peaks; National Intelligence is Declining; Distribution of intelligence; Compensatory factors

Types of Intelligence Test

The Structure of Abilities and Factor Analysis

Creativity and its Assessment

Additional Reading

Chapter 9. Personality

Concept of Personality

Personality Assessment

Theories of Personality Development

Eysenck; Cattell, Psychoanalytic

Physique and Temperament

Assessment in Schools

Anxiety and Achievement

Alleviating Stress

Personality and Achievement

Additional Reading

Chapter 10. Educational Technology


Programmed Learning

Pressey's Teaching Machine; Skinner's Linear Program; Crowder's Branching Technique; Effectiveness of Programmed Learning; Computer-assisted Methods

Audio-visual Aids

Games and Simulation


Effectiveness of Audio-visual Techniques

Additional Reading

Chapter 11. Moral Behavior

Concept of Morality

Piaget's Theory

Kohlberg's Theory

Moral Development and Learning Theory

Discipline and Order



Discipline: The School and the Community

Additional Reading

Notes on Some Statistical and Technical Terms Used in Psychometrics

Standard Deviation

Correlation Coefficient

Reliability of a Test


Objectivity in Marking

Standardization for Age

Titles and Publishers of Tests Mentioned in the Text

References to Authors Cited in the Text

Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1974
1st January 1974
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Gordon R. Cross

About the Editor

Edmund King

Ratings and Reviews