The Propagation of Gamma Quanta in Matter

The Propagation of Gamma Quanta in Matter

International Series of Monographs on Nuclear Energy, Volume 6

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Authors: O. I. Leipunskii, B. V. Novozhilov, V. N. Sakharov
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483135946

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Description

The Propagation of Gamma Quanta in Matter deals with various problems of the propagation and absorption of gamma quanta in matter, including the occurrence of multiple scattering of radiation. A general account of theoretical methods of solving problems of multiple scattering of quanta is presented, with emphasis on the results of solving such problems. This book consists of three chapters and begins with a discussion on the interaction of gamma radiation with matter; multiple scattering of gamma quanta; and the distribution function and quantities connected with it. The next chapter focuses on the theory of multiple scattering of gamma quanta and covers subjects such as the transport equation and its analytical solution; method of moments; method of random sampling; and method of successive collisions. The last chapter examines the propagation of radiation for various geometrical configurations of the sources and absorbing media, paying particular attention to a point source in a homogeneous medium and on the boundary of two media; unidirectional radiation in a homogeneous medium; reflexion of gamma radiation from the surface of a scattering medium; a plane isotropic source; and a thick radiating layer of an absorbing medium. This monograph will appeal to students as well as physicists and engineers engaged in shield design problems.

Table of Contents


  • Preface to the English Edition

    Preface to the Russian Edition

    Notation

    I. Introduction

    1. The Interaction of γ-Radiation With Matter

    The Photo-Electric Effect

    Compton Effect

    Pair Production

    Total Linear Coefficients of the Interaction of Radiation with Matter

    Energy Absorption Coefficients of Quanta

    Dose of Radiation

    2. Multiple Scattering of γ-Quanta

    3. The Distribution Function and Quantities Connected with It

    The Distribution Function

    Flux and Current

    Intensity of Radiation

    The Distribution Function, Flux and Current for Unscattered Radiation

    Build-Up Factors

    Attenuation Factors

    Reflexion Coefficient of Radiation

    Activity of the Source

    II. The Theory of Multiple Scattering of Gamma Quanta

    4. The Transport Equation

    5. Method of Moments

    Calculation of the Space-Angle Moments of the Distribution Function

    Reconstruction of the Function Il(x, λ) from the Space-Angle Moments

    6. Method of Random Sampling (Monte Carlo)

    7. Method of Successive Collisions

    8. Analytical Solution of the Transport Equation

    Small-Angle Approximation

    Penetration of Radiation to Great Depths

    Diffusion of Low-Energy Quanta

    III. Propagation of Radiation for Various Geometrical Configurations of the Sources and Absorbing Media

    9. A Point Source in a Homogeneous Medium

    Intensity and Dose of Gamma Rays

    Energy Spectrum of Gamma Radiation

    Angular Distribution of Radiation

    10. A Point Source On the Boundary of Two Media

    11. Unidirectional Radiation in a Homogeneous Medium

    Intensity and Dose of Gamma Rays

    Energy Spectrum of the Radiation

    Angular Distribution of Radiation

    12. Reflexion of Gamma Radiation from the Surface of a Scattering Medium

    13. A Plane Isotropic Source

    14. A Thick Radiating Layer of an Absorbing Medium

    Appendix I. Radiation Absorption Coefficients for Various Elements and Compounds

    Appendix II. The Delta Function and Its Properties

    Appendix III. Compton Scattering Cross-Sections as Functions of the Energy of Gamma Rays

    Appendix IV. Mass Energy Absorption Coefficient

    Appendix V. Table of the Ei Function

    Appendix VI. Propagation in Air of Gamma Quanta from an Instantaneous Point

    Appendix Vii. Energy Albedo of Gamma Radiation

    References

    Other Volumes Published in the Series On Nuclear Energy

Product details

  • No. of pages: 236
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483135946

About the Authors

O. I. Leipunskii

B. V. Novozhilov

V. N. Sakharov

About the Editor

J. V. Dunworth

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