The Propagation of Gamma Quanta in Matter - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080135649, 9781483135946

The Propagation of Gamma Quanta in Matter

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs on Nuclear Energy, Volume 6

Authors: O. I. Leipunskii B. V. Novozhilov V. N. Sakharov
Editors: J. V. Dunworth
eBook ISBN: 9781483135946
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1965
Page Count: 236
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Description

The Propagation of Gamma Quanta in Matter deals with various problems of the propagation and absorption of gamma quanta in matter, including the occurrence of multiple scattering of radiation. A general account of theoretical methods of solving problems of multiple scattering of quanta is presented, with emphasis on the results of solving such problems. This book consists of three chapters and begins with a discussion on the interaction of gamma radiation with matter; multiple scattering of gamma quanta; and the distribution function and quantities connected with it. The next chapter focuses on the theory of multiple scattering of gamma quanta and covers subjects such as the transport equation and its analytical solution; method of moments; method of random sampling; and method of successive collisions. The last chapter examines the propagation of radiation for various geometrical configurations of the sources and absorbing media, paying particular attention to a point source in a homogeneous medium and on the boundary of two media; unidirectional radiation in a homogeneous medium; reflexion of gamma radiation from the surface of a scattering medium; a plane isotropic source; and a thick radiating layer of an absorbing medium. This monograph will appeal to students as well as physicists and engineers engaged in shield design problems.

Table of Contents


Preface to the English Edition

Preface to the Russian Edition

Notation

I. Introduction

1. The Interaction of γ-Radiation With Matter

The Photo-Electric Effect

Compton Effect

Pair Production

Total Linear Coefficients of the Interaction of Radiation with Matter

Energy Absorption Coefficients of Quanta

Dose of Radiation

2. Multiple Scattering of γ-Quanta

3. The Distribution Function and Quantities Connected with It

The Distribution Function

Flux and Current

Intensity of Radiation

The Distribution Function, Flux and Current for Unscattered Radiation

Build-Up Factors

Attenuation Factors

Reflexion Coefficient of Radiation

Activity of the Source

II. The Theory of Multiple Scattering of Gamma Quanta

4. The Transport Equation

5. Method of Moments

Calculation of the Space-Angle Moments of the Distribution Function

Reconstruction of the Function Il(x, λ) from the Space-Angle Moments

6. Method of Random Sampling (Monte Carlo)

7. Method of Successive Collisions

8. Analytical Solution of the Transport Equation

Small-Angle Approximation

Penetration of Radiation to Great Depths

Diffusion of Low-Energy Quanta

III. Propagation of Radiation for Various Geometrical Configurations of the Sources and Absorbing Media

9. A Point Source in a Homogeneous Medium

Intensity and Dose of Gamma Rays

Energy Spectrum of Gamma Radiation

Angular Distribution of Radiation

10. A Point Source On the Boundary of Two Media

11. Unidirectional Radiation in a Homogeneous Medium

Intensity and Dose of Gamma Rays

Energy Spectrum of the Radiation

Angular Distribution of Radiation

12. Reflexion of Gamma Radiation from the Surface of a Scattering Medium

13. A Plane Isotropic Source

14. A Thick Radiating Layer of an Absorbing Medium

Appendix I. Radiation Absorption Coefficients for Various Elements and Compounds

Appendix II. The Delta Function and Its Properties

Appendix III. Compton Scattering Cross-Sections as Functions of the Energy of Gamma Rays

Appendix IV. Mass Energy Absorption Coefficient

Appendix V. Table of the Ei Function

Appendix VI. Propagation in Air of Gamma Quanta from an Instantaneous Point

Appendix Vii. Energy Albedo of Gamma Radiation

References

Other Volumes Published in the Series On Nuclear Energy

Details

No. of pages:
236
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1965
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483135946

About the Author

O. I. Leipunskii

B. V. Novozhilov

V. N. Sakharov

About the Editor

J. V. Dunworth

Ratings and Reviews