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The Problems of Sulphur - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408040419, 9781483162089

The Problems of Sulphur

1st Edition

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Author: Sam Stuart
eBook ISBN: 9781483162089
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 10th January 1988
Page Count: 366
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The Problems of Sulphur discusses all aspects of the problems associated with sulfur in coal.

The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 addresses the forms of sulfur in coal and evaluates processes directed at the chemical removal of sulphur. Part 2 expands on this to look at alternative means of removing sulfur both physically and biologically, sulfur removal during the combustion of coal and flue gas desulfurization processes. Part 3 looks at the role of sulphates in the atmosphere from the points of view of their formation, transport and deposition and of their effects on health, materials and the atmosphere.

The book will be of value to engineers, environmentalists, and chemists.

Table of Contents

Part 1 Chemical Desulphurisation of Coal


1 Introduction

2 Sulphur in Coal

Pyritic Sulphur

Organic Sulphur

3 Requirements of Chemically Cleaned Coal

4 Chemistry of Coal Cleaning

Reactions of Pyritic Sulphur

Reactions of Organic Sulphur

5 Processes for the Chemical Cleaning of Coal

Processes Based on the Oxidation of Sulphur

Processes Based on the Displacement of Sulphur

Other Processes

6 Evaluation of Processes

7 Current Research on Chemistry of Desulphurisation Reactions

Oxidation Reactions

Displacement Reactions

8 Conclusions


Part 2 Control of Sulphur Oxides From Coal Combustion


9 Introduction

10 The Occurrence of Sulphur

11 Physical Desulphurisation of Coal

Differences in Relative Densities

Separation Using Surface Properties

Separation Using Magnetic Properties

12 Microbiological Desulphurisation of Coal

13 Sulphur Removal During Combustion

Selection and Utilisation of Sorbent

Pretreatment of Limestone

Operating Parameters

Post-Sulphation Treatment

14 Wet Scrubbing Flue Gas Desulphurisation Processes

Non-Regenerable Processes

Regenerable Processes

15 Dry Flue Gas Desulphurisation Processes

Dry Injection Processes

Spray Dryer Processes

Dry Adsorption

16 Disposal of Flue Gas Desulphurisation Waste

Direct Ponding

Landfill of Untreated Sludge

17 Conclusions


Part 3 Sulphates in the Atmosphere


Acronyms and Abbreviations

18 Introduction

19 The Sulphur Cycle





Man-Made Component

Summary and Comments

20 Atmospheric Chemistry of Sulphur

Reduced Sulphur Compounds

Gas Phase Oxidation of SO2

Aqueous Phase Oxidation of SO2

Gas/Particle Interactions


Particle Size

Summary and Comments

21 Sulphate Formation in Plumes

Plume Dispersion

Coal-Fired Power Plant Plumes

Oil-Fired Power Plant Plumes

Smelter Plumes

Urban Plumes

Particle Formation

Summary and Comments

22 Atmospheric Aerosol Concentration Patterns

Summary and Comments

23 Transport

Mesoscale Transport

Long-Range Transport

Summary and Comments

24 Deposition

Dry Deposition

Occult Deposition

Wet Deposition Processes

Precipitation Chemistry

Summary and Comments

25 Long-Range Transport and Deposition Models

Statistical Trajectory Analyses

Theoretical Models

Contribution of Local Sources

Summary and Comments

26 Human Health

Particle Deposition in the Respiratory Tract

Animal Studies

Human Clinical Studies


Non-Respiratory Health Effects

Summary and Comments

27 Visibility

Summary and Comments

28 Climate

Summary and Comments

29 Materials

Summary and Comments

30 Conclusions




No. of pages:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1989
10th January 1988
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Sam Stuart

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