The Physiology of Mosquitoes

The Physiology of Mosquitoes

International Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Biology: Zoology, Vol. 17

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Author: A. N. Clements
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222769

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Pure and Applied Biology, Volume 17: The Physiology of Mosquitoes explores some physiological aspects of mosquitoes, including their development, metabolism, survival, reproduction, and behavior. This book is composed of 16 chapters, and begins with discussions on the early life of mosquitoes, larval nutrition, excretion, respiration, and the osmotic and ionic regulation of body fluids. The succeeding chapters deal with different factors affecting the growth and metamorphosis of mosquitoes; the structure and function of their circulatory system; survival and longevity; adult mosquito feeding, nutrition, and metabolism; and reproduction and sense organs. These topics are followed by surveys of the mosquito's diapauses activity, larva and pupa behavior, and regulation of adult activity. The last chapters examine the host-seeking activity, mating, swarming, and ovoposition of mosquito. This book will be of great value to entomologists, developmental biologists, physiologists, and researchers who are interested in expanding their knowledge in mosquito behavior.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments

    1. The Egg

    Embryonic Development

    Experimental Embryology

    Genetic Control of Development

    Structure and Properties of the Egg Shell


    2. Larval Nutrition, Excretion and Respiration


    Feeding Mechanism

    Structure of the Alimentary Canal

    Digestion and Absorption

    Nutritional Requirements

    Food Reserves

    Excretion and Detoxication


    3. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation of Body Fluids

    Uptake of Water and Salts

    Regulation of the Haemolymph

    The Mechanism of Regulation

    Larval Distribution in Nature

    4. Growth and Metamorphosis

    Larval Growth

    Effects of Temperature on Growth Rates

    Effects of the Environment on Structure

    Moulting, Pupation and Emergence

    The Imaginai Buds

    Development of the Central Nervous System and Compound Eyes

    Metamorphosis of the Alimentary Canal

    Metamorphosis of Other Organs

    Cytogenetic Aspects of Growth and Metamorphosis


    5. The Circulatory System

    Structure of the Dorsal Vessel and Other Organs

    Nature and Control of the Heart Beat

    6. Survival and Longevity

    Survival at Low Temperatures

    Survival of Aquatic Stages at High Temperatures

    Effects of Temperature and Humidity Upon Survival of Adults

    Longevity of Adults in Nature


    7. Adult Feeding


    Structure of the Mouthparts and Alimentary Canal

    Feeding Mechanism

    Sensory Aspects of Feeding

    The Salivary Glands and their Secretions

    Skin Reactions of the Host

    8. Adult Nutrition and Metabolism


    Nutrition and Metabolic Activity

    Nutritional Requirements for Reproduction


    9. Reproduction

    Structure of the Reproductive Organs

    The Male Reproductive System

    The Female Reproductive System

    Growth of the Egg Follicle


    Hormonal Control of Ovary Development

    The Stomatogastric System and Endocrine Organs

    Experimental Evidence of Hormonal Control

    Ovulation and


    Determination of Reproductive History

    10. Sense Organs

    The Compound Eyes

    Structure of the Compound Eyes

    Physiology of the Compound Eyes

    The Antennae

    Structure of the Flagellum

    Structure of Johnston's Organ

    The Sense of Hearing

    Contact Chemoreceptors of the Mouthparts and Legs

    Other Adult Sense Organs

    Larval Sense Organs

    11. Diapause

    Diapause and Quiescence in the Egg Stage

    Occurrence and Characteristics

    Hatching Stimulus



    Diapause in the Larval Stage

    Hibernation of Adults

    Aestivation of Adults

    12. Behavior of Larvae and Pupae

    13. Control of Adult Activity

    Circadian Rhythms


    The Control of Swarming


    14. Flight Behavior

    15. Host-Seeking Behavior

    The Biting Drive

    Responses to Individual Factors

    Experimental Procedure

    Responses to Heat

    Responses to Moisture

    Responses to Carbon Dioxide

    Responses to Odours

    Responses to Visual Factors

    Location of Sensilla Used in Host Finding and Probing

    Field Observations

    16. Reproductive Behavior





    Appendix. Systematic List of Species Mentioned


    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Species Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 404
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222769

About the Author

A. N. Clements

About the Editor

G. A. Kerkut

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