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The Physiology of Fishes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483227634, 9781483262673

The Physiology of Fishes

1st Edition


Editor: Margaret E. Brown
eBook ISBN: 9781483262673
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1957
Page Count: 538
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The Physiology of Fishes, Volume II: Behavior focuses on the physiology of fishes, as well as nervous and visual systems, sense organs, fish behavior, and pigment of fishes. The book first offers information on the nervous system, including the telencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, medulla oblongata and spinal cord, autonomic nervous system, and functional development of the nervous system. The manuscript then elaborates on the sense organs, acoustico-lateralis system, and olfactory and gustatory senses of fishes. Discussions focus on component parts of the visual system, photoreceptive functions, lateral line, and the labyrinth.
The manuscript takes a look at the ethological analysis of fish behavior and reproductive and parental behavior. Topics include coordinating and releasing mechanisms, ecological relationships, endocrine mechanisms, and motor processes. The text also touches on electric organs, luminous organs of fishes, and pigment of fishes.
The publication is a valuable reference for readers interested in the physiology of fishes.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume II

Chapter I The Nervous System

I. Introduction

II. The Telencephalon

III. The Diencephalon

IV. The Mesencephalon

V. The Metencephalon

VI. The Medulla Oblongata and Spinal Cord

VII. The Autonomic Nervous System

VIII. The Functional Development of the Nervous System

IX. Various Topics Relevant to the Nervous System


Chapter II The Sense Organs

Part 1.The Eye

I. The Origin and Significance of the Eye

II. Component Parts of the Visual System

III. Photoreceptive Functions

IV. Functional Adaptations



Part 2. The Acoustico-Lateralis System

I. Introduction

II. The Lateral Line

III. The Ampullae of Lorenzini

IV. The Labyrinth


Part 3. Olfactory and Gustatory Senses of Fishes

I. Introduction

II. Definition of Theory

III. Anatomy of the Olfactory Organs of Fishes

IV. Impulses from the Olfactory Tissue to the Brain

V. Taste and the Common Chemical Sense

VI. Olfaction in Fishes

VII. Orientation to the Parent Stream as It Relates to Odor Recognition

VIII. Concluding Comment


Chapter III Behavior

Part 1. Conditioned Responses

I. The Nature of the Conditioned Response

II. Experimental Methods Used in the Formation of Conditioned Responses in Fishes

III. Sensory Investigations by Conditioned Response Techniques

IV. The Relation of the Laboratory Study of Conditioned Responses to Behavior in Normal Environments, and Its Value to Fishery Investigations


Part 2. The Ethological Analysis of Fish Behavior

I. Introduction

II. Coordinating Mechanisms

III. Releasing Mechanisms

IV. The Interaction between Internal and External Factors

V. Ritualization


Part 3. Reproductive and Parental Behavior

I. Methodology

II. Ecological Relationships

III. Sensory Systems in Sexual and Parental Behavior

IV. Endocrine Mechanisms

V. Neural Mechanisms

VI. Motor Processes


Chapter IV The Swimbladder

I. Introduction

II. Hydrostatic Function

III. The Respiratory Function of the Swimbladder

IV. The Sensory Function of the Swimbladder

V. Sound Production by the Swimbladder

VI. The Swimbladder and the Ecology of the Teleostean Fishes


Chapter V Electric Organs

I. The Discovery of Electric Fishes

II. The Anatomy of the Electric Organ

III. The Origin and Development of Electric Organs

IV. The Characteristics of the Electric Discharge

V. The Discharge of a Single Electroplate

VI. The Nervous Control of the Electric Organ

VII. The Biological Function of the Electric Organ

VIII. The Immunity of Electric Fishes to Their Own Discharge


Chapter VI The Luminous Organs of Fishes

I. Historical Introduction

II. Distribution of Luminescence

III. Types of Luminescence

IV. Nerve and Hormone Control

V. Use of the Light


Chapter VII The Pigments of Fishes

I. Introduction

II. Flavines

III. Pterins

IV. Melanins

V. Carotenoids


Chapter VIII Color Changes

I. Introduction

II. Physiological Color Changes

III. Morphological Color Changes

IV. Significance


Chapter IX Water Quality Requirements of Fishes and Effects of Toxic Substances

I. Introductory Discussion

II. Temperature

III. Salinity and Osmotic Pressure

IV. pH and Dissolved Carbon Dioxide

V. Dissolved Oxygen and Nitrogen

VI. Suspended Solids (Turbidity)

VII. Miscellaneous Toxic Substances


Chapter X Physiological Genetics of Fishes

I. Introduction

II. Sex Determination

III. Effects of Pigment Cell Genes

IV. Genes Influencing Atypical Pigment Cell Growth

V. Eye Characteristics

VI. Meristic Traits

VII. Transplantation, Resistance, Serology

VIII. Susceptibility to Thyroid Tumors

IX. Isolating Mechanisms and Speciation

X. Summary


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1957
1st January 1957
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Margaret E. Brown

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