The Physiology of Fishes

The Physiology of Fishes


1st Edition - January 1, 1957

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  • Editor: Margaret E. Brown
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262673

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The Physiology of Fishes, Volume II: Behavior focuses on the physiology of fishes, as well as nervous and visual systems, sense organs, fish behavior, and pigment of fishes. The book first offers information on the nervous system, including the telencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, medulla oblongata and spinal cord, autonomic nervous system, and functional development of the nervous system. The manuscript then elaborates on the sense organs, acoustico-lateralis system, and olfactory and gustatory senses of fishes. Discussions focus on component parts of the visual system, photoreceptive functions, lateral line, and the labyrinth. The manuscript takes a look at the ethological analysis of fish behavior and reproductive and parental behavior. Topics include coordinating and releasing mechanisms, ecological relationships, endocrine mechanisms, and motor processes. The text also touches on electric organs, luminous organs of fishes, and pigment of fishes. The publication is a valuable reference for readers interested in the physiology of fishes.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    Contributors to Volume II

    Chapter I The Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. The Telencephalon

    III. The Diencephalon

    IV. The Mesencephalon

    V. The Metencephalon

    VI. The Medulla Oblongata and Spinal Cord

    VII. The Autonomic Nervous System

    VIII. The Functional Development of the Nervous System

    IX. Various Topics Relevant to the Nervous System


    Chapter II The Sense Organs

    Part 1.The Eye

    I. The Origin and Significance of the Eye

    II. Component Parts of the Visual System

    III. Photoreceptive Functions

    IV. Functional Adaptations



    Part 2. The Acoustico-Lateralis System

    I. Introduction

    II. The Lateral Line

    III. The Ampullae of Lorenzini

    IV. The Labyrinth


    Part 3. Olfactory and Gustatory Senses of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Definition of Theory

    III. Anatomy of the Olfactory Organs of Fishes

    IV. Impulses from the Olfactory Tissue to the Brain

    V. Taste and the Common Chemical Sense

    VI. Olfaction in Fishes

    VII. Orientation to the Parent Stream as It Relates to Odor Recognition

    VIII. Concluding Comment


    Chapter III Behavior

    Part 1. Conditioned Responses

    I. The Nature of the Conditioned Response

    II. Experimental Methods Used in the Formation of Conditioned Responses in Fishes

    III. Sensory Investigations by Conditioned Response Techniques

    IV. The Relation of the Laboratory Study of Conditioned Responses to Behavior in Normal Environments, and Its Value to Fishery Investigations


    Part 2. The Ethological Analysis of Fish Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Coordinating Mechanisms

    III. Releasing Mechanisms

    IV. The Interaction between Internal and External Factors

    V. Ritualization


    Part 3. Reproductive and Parental Behavior

    I. Methodology

    II. Ecological Relationships

    III. Sensory Systems in Sexual and Parental Behavior

    IV. Endocrine Mechanisms

    V. Neural Mechanisms

    VI. Motor Processes


    Chapter IV The Swimbladder

    I. Introduction

    II. Hydrostatic Function

    III. The Respiratory Function of the Swimbladder

    IV. The Sensory Function of the Swimbladder

    V. Sound Production by the Swimbladder

    VI. The Swimbladder and the Ecology of the Teleostean Fishes


    Chapter V Electric Organs

    I. The Discovery of Electric Fishes

    II. The Anatomy of the Electric Organ

    III. The Origin and Development of Electric Organs

    IV. The Characteristics of the Electric Discharge

    V. The Discharge of a Single Electroplate

    VI. The Nervous Control of the Electric Organ

    VII. The Biological Function of the Electric Organ

    VIII. The Immunity of Electric Fishes to Their Own Discharge


    Chapter VI The Luminous Organs of Fishes

    I. Historical Introduction

    II. Distribution of Luminescence

    III. Types of Luminescence

    IV. Nerve and Hormone Control

    V. Use of the Light


    Chapter VII The Pigments of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Flavines

    III. Pterins

    IV. Melanins

    V. Carotenoids


    Chapter VIII Color Changes

    I. Introduction

    II. Physiological Color Changes

    III. Morphological Color Changes

    IV. Significance


    Chapter IX Water Quality Requirements of Fishes and Effects of Toxic Substances

    I. Introductory Discussion

    II. Temperature

    III. Salinity and Osmotic Pressure

    IV. pH and Dissolved Carbon Dioxide

    V. Dissolved Oxygen and Nitrogen

    VI. Suspended Solids (Turbidity)

    VII. Miscellaneous Toxic Substances


    Chapter X Physiological Genetics of Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Determination

    III. Effects of Pigment Cell Genes

    IV. Genes Influencing Atypical Pigment Cell Growth

    V. Eye Characteristics

    VI. Meristic Traits

    VII. Transplantation, Resistance, Serology

    VIII. Susceptibility to Thyroid Tumors

    IX. Isolating Mechanisms and Speciation

    X. Summary


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 538
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1957
  • Published: January 1, 1957
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262673

About the Editor

Margaret E. Brown

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