The Pancreatic Beta Cell, Volume 95

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Gerald Litwack
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128001745
eBook ISBN: 9780128004401
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th February 2014
Page Count: 520
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Table of Contents

Former Editors
Contributors
Preface
Chapter One: Metabolic Regulation of Insulin Secretion
Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Glucose Metabolism and Insulin Secretion

3 Fatty Acid Metabolism and Insulin Secretion

4 Amino Acid Metabolism and Insulin Secretion

5 Association of Nutrient Metabolism with Pancreatic β-Cell Dysfunction

6 Conclusions

Chapter Two: Proinsulin Entry and Transit Through the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Pancreatic Beta Cells
Abstract

1 Overview of Insulin Biosynthesis in Pancreatic Beta Cells

2 Proinsulin Entry into the ER

3 Proinsulin Transit Through the ER

4 Conclusion and Perspective

Acknowledgments

Chapter Three: Metabolism–Secretion Coupling and Mitochondrial Calcium Activities in Clonal Pancreatic β-Cells
Abstract

1 Introduction

2 The Importance of Mitochondria to β-Cell Function

3 Oxidative Metabolism of β-Cells

4 Mitochondrial Ca2 + and Energy Metabolism

5 Ca2 + Handling in β-Cells

Acknowledgments

Chapter Four: Metabolic Syndrome and Ionic Channels in Pancreatic Beta Cells
Abstract

1 Introduction

2 A Rapid Fly on Metabolic Syndrome

3 Physiology of Pancreatic Islets in Glucose Homeostasis

4 Physiology and Pathophysiology of Ionic Channels

5 Concluding Remarks

Chapter Five: The Beta Cell Immunopeptidome
Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Autoantigens in T1D

3 Antigen Processing

4 Identifying T Cell Epitopes in T1D

5 Peptide-Based Intervention and the Role of Small Molecules

6 Advances in Mass Spectrometry for the Identification of PTMs

7 Conclusions

Chapter Six: Autophagy and Pancreatic β-Cells
Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Autophagy

3 Autophagy and Pancreatic β-Cell Homeostasis

4 Adaptive Autophagy in Pancreatic β-Cell

5 Autopha


Description

First published in 1943, Vitamins and Hormones is the longest-running serial published by Academic Press.

The Series provides up-to-date information on vitamin and hormone research spanning data from molecular biology to the clinic. A volume can focus on a single molecule or on a disease that is related to vitamins or hormones.  A hormone is interpreted broadly so that related substances, such as transmitters, cytokines, growth factors and others can be reviewed.

This volume focuses on the pancreatic beta cell.

Key Features

  • Expertise of the contributors
  • Coverage of a vast array of subjects
  • In depth current information at the molecular to the clinical levels
  • Three-dimensional structures in color
  • Elaborate signaling pathways

Readership

Researchers, faculty, and graduate students interested in cutting-edge review concerning the molecular and cellular biology of vitamins, hormones, and related factors and co-factors. Libraries and laboratories at institutes with strong programs in cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, gene regulation, hormone control, and signal transduction are likely to be interested.


Details

No. of pages:
520
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128004401
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128001745

About the Serial Editors

Gerald Litwack Serial Editor

Following a liberal arts education with a major in chemistry and biology at Hobart College, Gerald (Gerry) Litwack earned M.S. and PhD degrees in biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin, Madison where he served as a Lecturer in Enzymology before starting a postdoctoral fellowship from the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis at the Biochemical Institute of the Sorbonne in Paris. His first academic position was assistant professor of biochemistry at Rutgers University where he started his work on hormone action for six years. During this period, he did a sabbatical at the University of California, Berkeley, where he concentrated on rapid enzyme kinetics. In 1960 he accepted an offer of an associate professorship at the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Medicine. In 1964, he was invited to be full professor of biochemistry at The Fels Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Biology at Temple Medical School, simultaneously with a Career Development Award from the NIH, where he later was named Deputy Director of the Institute and the Laura H. Carnell Professor in biochemistry. Subsequently, he was given the Faculty Research Award. He co-discovered ligandin, later found to be in the family of glutathione S-transferases, enzymes that protect the body from carcinogens. In 1991, he moved to the Jefferson Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University as Professor of Biochemistry, Chair of the Department of Pharmacology and Deputy Director of the Kimmel Cancer Research Institute. Later, he became chair of the combined Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology and concurrently held the position of Vice Dean for Research. In 2003, he moved to Los Angeles and from 2004-2006 was a Visiting Scholar at the University of California, Los Angeles, in the Department of Biological Chemistry of the Geffen School of Medicine and, in this period, wrote “Human Biochemistry and Disease” a volume of 1254 pages. In 2007, he moved to Scranton,

Affiliations and Expertise

Toluca Lake, North Hollywood, California, USA