The New Frontier

The New Frontier

Man's Survival in the Sky

1st Edition - January 1, 1959

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  • Author: K. G. Williams
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222875

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The New Frontier: Man's Survival in the Sky outlines the cause, effects and possible cures for problems that involve flying. This book discusses the pressure of the atmosphere; incidence, cause, and prevention of decompression sickness; and altitude as a cause of anoxia. The failure of the pressure cabin, principles of protection from climatic stress, and conditioning of the aircraft cabin are also deliberated. This text likewise covers the measurement of the forces produced by flight, physiological mechanisms involved in positive “g” effects, and health and hygiene in air travel. This publication is intended for individuals interested in how man adapts to strange, new, and exciting environments.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    I. The Background

    The Composition of the Atmosphere

    The Pressure of the Atmosphere

    Temperature and Altitude

    The Radiation of the Sun

    The Cosmic Rays and Meteoritic Particles

    II. When The Pressure Changes

    The Decompression Chamber

    Decompression Sickness

    Incidence, Cause and Prevention of Decompression Sickness

    Otitic and Sinus Barotrauma

    Abdominal Distention and Pain

    The Boiling of the Body Fluids

    III. The Air Too Thin To Breathe

    How the Body Obtains Oxygen

    A Definition of Anoxia

    Altitude as a Cause of Anoxia

    The Picture of Anoxia at Altitude

    The Prevention of Anoxia


    IV. Protection From Low Pressure

    The Pressure Cabin

    Failure of the Pressure Cabin

    Rapid and Explosive Decompression

    Personal Protective Equipment

    Oxygen Systems

    Pressure Suits

    V. The Climatology Of Flight, Basic Principles

    The Control of Body Temperature

    The Limits of a Comfortable Environment

    The Zone of Evaporative Regulation and Beyond

    Too Cold

    The Zone of Body Cooling and Below

    The Principles of Protection from Climatic Stress

    Methods of Investigation

    VI. The Climatology Of Flight, Methods Of Protection

    The Conditioning of the Aircraft Cabin

    Conditioning on the Ground

    Protection in Emergencies

    Clothing—the Basic Principles

    Normal Flying Clothing

    Flying Clothing with a Special Function


    VII. Movement At Last

    The Subjective Sensations of Movement

    Velocity and Acceleration

    The Measurement of the Forces Produced by Flight

    Further Classification of the Forces in Flight

    VIII. Accelerations Of Long Duration

    Radial Acceleration

    Positive 'g'

    The Physiological Mechanisms Involved in Positive 'g' Effects

    The Importance of Positive 'g'

    Protection from Positive 'g'

    Negative 'g'

    Transverse 'g'

    Angular Accelerations

    IX. Less Than One Second

    The Upper Limit to Forces of Short Duration


    Protection in Accidents

    Emergency Escape


    Ejection Seats

    Low Level Ejection

    High Altitude Ejection

    High Speed Ejection

    X. Sources of Information

    Vision and the Eye



    Touch Smell and Taste

    Vision in Flight

    Equilibration in the Air

    Sounds and Noise

    The Toxicology of Flight

    XI. Central Control

    The Basic System

    The Problem of the Input

    Power Assistance

    The Addition of Computers

    Man Versus Automatic Control


    Prevention of Fatigue

    Selection of the Man

    The Teamwork of Flying


    XII. Designing For The Man

    General Considerations

    Basic Design and Lay-Out

    Instrumentation and Other Sources of Information

    Controls and Control Systems

    Control "Feel"

    Personal Equipment

    The Future

    XIII. Special Problems of Passenger Transportation

    Maintaining the Environment

    Care and Contentment

    Accelerations and Motion Sickness

    The Crew

    Health and Hygiene in Air Travel

    Transportation of the Sick

    Casualty Evacuation

    The Future

    XIV. Into Space

    Escape Velocity


    Conditioning the Cabin


    Cosmic Rays and Meteorites

    Space Suits

    Re-Entry and Escape

    Man and the Control System

    The Psychological Dangers



Product details

  • No. of pages: 170
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1959
  • Published: January 1, 1959
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222875

About the Author

K. G. Williams

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