The Mechanical Behaviour of Engineering Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080114149, 9781483151069

The Mechanical Behaviour of Engineering Materials

1st Edition

The Commonwealth and International Library: Structures and Solid Body Mechanics Division

Authors: W. D. Biggs
Editors: B. G. Neal
eBook ISBN: 9781483151069
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1965
Page Count: 156
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The Mechanical Behaviour of Engineering Materials aims to relate properties and structure, and to provide a theoretical basis upon which to extrapolate when conditions or materials outside previous experience arise. The present text refers primarily to metals and alloys, other (non-crystalline) solids are treated rather less fully. This is largely dictated by the state of knowledge at the present time, for although there is a large mass of data concerning the properties of non-metallic materials, much of this is empirical and a full explanation is made difficult by the complexities of an irregular initial structure.
The book can be divided into the three sections covering constitution, properties, and significance of test data. Separate chapters discuss properties such as heterogeneity, elasticity, plasticity, and fracture. Subsequent chapters deal with tensile and hardness tests; creep, fatigue and impact tests; and the selection of engineering materials. Throughout the text the author has endeavored to confine the discussion to those aspects of materials science which appear to be reasonably well understood at the present time.

Table of Contents

Author's Preface

1. Introduction

2. Constitution

2.1. Introduction

2.2. The Atom

2.3. Interatomic Forces

2.4. Interatomic Distances

2.5. Arrangement of Atoms

2.6. Crystalline Materials

2.7. Amorphous Materials

2.8. Thermal Changes

Further Reading

3. Heterogeneity

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Metals

3.3. Non-metallic Materials

3.4. Defect Lattice

3.5. Vacant Sites and Interstitial Atoms

3.6. Foreign Atoms

3.7. Dislocations

Further Reading

4. Elastic Solids

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Elastic Body

4.3. Viscous Body

4.4. Yield Limit

4.5. Forces Involved in Elasticity

4.6. Elastic Constants

4.7. Anisotropy

4.8. High Elasticity

Further Reading

5. Departures from Ideal Elasticity

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Combinations of Behavior

5.3. Relaxation

5.4. Consequences of Non-ideal Deformation

Further Reading

6. Plasticity

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Slip in Crystals

6.3. Theoretical Shear Stress and Dislocations

6.4. Some Properties of Dislocations

6.5. Strengthening of Metals

6.6. Stability of Strain Hardened State

6.7. Viscosity

6.8. Creep

Further Reading

7. Fracture

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Ductile Fracture

7.3. Brittle Fracture

7.4. Griffith Theory

7.5. Formation of Cracks by Plastic Flow

7.6. Notch Brittleness

7.7. Transition Temperature

7.8. Fatigue

7.9. Factors Affecting Fatigue Life

7.10. Plastic Fatigue

Further Reading

8. Tensile and Hardness Tests

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Effect of Structure on Properties

8.3. The Tensile Testing Machine

8.4. The Tensile Test

8.5. Strength in the Tensile Test

8.6. Hardness Tests

Further Reading

9. Creep, Fatigue and Impact Tests

9.1. Creep Tests

9.2. Fatigue Tests

9.3. Notch Impact Tests

Further Reading

10. The Selection of Materials of Construction

10.1. Introduction

10.2. Properties Associated with Function

10.3. Properties Associated with Fabrication

10.4. Selection Methods

Further Reading


Appendix 1. Typical Physical and Mechanical Properties of Some Metals and Alloys

Appendix 2. Typical Properties of Some Non-metallic Materials



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© Pergamon 1965
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About the Author

W. D. Biggs

About the Editor

B. G. Neal

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