The Hormones - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483228501, 9781483270890

The Hormones

1st Edition

Physiology, Chemistry, and Applications

Editors: Gregory Pincus Kenneth V. Thimann E. B. Astwood
eBook ISBN: 9781483270890
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 702
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Description

The Hormones: Physiology, Chemistry, and Applications, Volume IV provides information pertinent to the nature and function of hormones. This book presents unexpected findings in such diverse fields as the nature and activities of glucagon, the hormones regulating insect growth, as well as the synthesis, metabolism, and secretion of the catecholamines.

Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the diversity of physiological effects of auxins. This text then explores the chemical nature, mechanisms of inactivation, and mode of synthesis of insect growth hormones. Other chapters consider hormone participation in some processes among coelenterates, platyhelminths, and echinoderms. This book discusses as well the status of information on endocrine mechanisms in the lower vertebrates. The final chapter deals with the potential advantages of immunoassay over bioassay procedures, which include high sensitivity and specificity.

This book is a valuable resource for organic chemists, biochemists, endocrinologists, morphologists, physiologists, students, and research workers.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume IV

Preface

Contents of Volume I

Contents of Volume II

Contents of Volume III

Contents of Volume V

I. Plant Hormones.

I. Introduction

II. Occurrence

III. Transport

IV. Auxins and Growth

V. Mechanism of Action

VI. Conclusion

References

II. Hormones Regulating Insect Growth.

I. Introduction

II. The Brain

III. The Corpora Cardiaca

IV. The Prothoracic Glands

V. The Corpora Allata

VI. The Subesophageal Ganglion

VII. Pheromones

VIII. Conclusion

References

III. Hormones in Invertebrates Other than Insects.

I. Introduction

II. Neurohormones

III. Annelids

IV. Crustaceans

V. Mollusks

VI. Protochordates

VII. Other Invertebrate Phyla

VIII. General Considerations

References

IV. Endocrinology of Poikilothermic Vertebrates.

I. Introduction

II. Hypophysis

III. Secretory Areas of the Central Nervous System

IV. Thyroid

V. Parathyroid and Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism

VI. Pancreatic Islets and Carbohydrate Metabolism

VII. Adrenal (Interrenal and Chromaffin Tissues)

VIII. Corpuscles of Stannius

IX. Gonads and Reproduction

X. Endocrine Control of Migration

XI. Endocrine Control of Osmoregulation

XII. Hormones and Behavior; Pheromones and Ectohormones

XIII. Hormones and Sex Differentiation

XIV. Hormones and Pigmentation

XV. Additional Endocrine Structures

References

V. Hormones and the Control of Color.

I. Chromatic Effectors

II. Color Change and the Environment

III. Hormones and Physiological Color Change

IV. Morphological Color Change

V. Hormones, Color Change, and Evolution

References

VI. Gastrointestinal Hormones.

I. Introduction

II. Gastrin

III. Secretin

IV. Cholecystokinin

V. Pancreozymin

VI. Enterocrinin

VII. Villikinin

VIII. The Brunner Glands

Addendum

References

VII. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (Serotonin, Enteramine, 5HT).

I. On the Distribution of 5HT

II. Subcellular Distribution

III. Monoamine Oxidase and 5HT

IV. 5HT and Local Tissue Reactions

V. Cardiovascular Actions

VI. 5HT and the Gastrointestinal Tract

VII. 5HT and the Peripheral Nervous System

VIII. 5HT and the Central Nervous System

References

VIII. The Catecholamines: Biosynthesis, Storage and Release, Metabolism, and Metabolic Effects.

I. Introduction

II. Distribution of Catecholamines

III. Biosynthesis of Norepinephrine and Epinephrine

IV. The Storage of Catecholamines

V. The Release of Tissue Catecholamines

VI. Chemical Agents That Modify the Storage or Release of Tissue Catecholamines

VII. The Degradation of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

VIII. The Rate of Resynthesis of Catecholamines

IX. Metabolic Actions of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

X. Concluding Remarks

References

IX. Insulin.

I. Introduction

II. Chemistry of Insulin

III. Insulin in the Pancreatic β Cell

IV. Insulin in Blood Plasma

V. Attachment of Insulin to Cells

VI. Actions of Insulin on Metabolism

VII. Inactivation of Insulin

VIII. Insulin and Metabolic Disturbances in Pancreatic Diabetes

References

X. Glucagon.

I. History, Chemistry, and Assay of Glucagon

II. Site of Origin. Secretion and Metabolic Fate of Glucagon

III. The Mode of Action of Glucagon

IV. The Physiologic Effects of Glucagon

V. The Physiologic Role and Hormonal Nature of Glucagon

VI. The Clinical Significance of Glucagon

VII. Conclusions

References

Addendum

Additional References

XI. Immunoassay of Protein Hormones.

I. Introduction

II. General Principles

III. Immunoassay of Individual Hormones

References

Addendum

Additional References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
702
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483270890

About the Editor

Gregory Pincus

Kenneth V. Thimann

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Plant Physiology, Havard University, Cambirdge, Mass

E. B. Astwood