The East European Economies in the 1970s - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408107624, 9781483163444

The East European Economies in the 1970s

1st Edition

Butterworths Studies in International Political Economy

Editors: Alec Nove Hans-Hermann Höhmann Gertraud Seidenstecher
eBook ISBN: 9781483163444
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 17th December 1981
Page Count: 368
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Description

The East European Economies in the 1970s reviews the development of economic policy in Eastern Europe in the 1970s. This book includes individual country studies that compare and contrast both the aims of economic development and the results of the growth process, as well as the instruments employed in economic policy. More specifically, this book examines what has happened during the past decade after the fundamental changes in economic policy that occurred in the 1960s. This text is comprised of 10 chapters; the first of which provides a background on economic reform in Eastern Europe during the 1970s. Attention then turns to the economic policy, methods, and performance of the USSR after 1970. The chapters that follow focus on the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia. This book concludes with a discussion on the economic system of Albania in the 1970s, focusing on the country's conservative radicalism, agriculture, and sharp disputes on economic policy between 1974 and 1976. Throughout the book, the emphasis is on how the ""process of reconstruction within the system"" has led to increasing differentiation of aims, institutions, and instruments of economic policy between individual countries. This book will be of interest to political science students, political scientists, political economists, and policy analysts.

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments

Foreword

Contributors

1 Economic Reform in the 1970s-Policy with no Alternative

1.1 The Road to Reform

1.2 The Retreat from Reform

1.3 Why no More Extensive Reform?

2 USSR: Economic Policy and Methods after 1970

2.1 Survey of Policy, Methods and Performance in the Last Decade

2.2 Fundamental Defects of the Centralized Planning System

2.3 New Attempts at Reform

3 The GDR-Economic Policy Caught between Pressure for Efficiency and Lack of Ideas

3.1 From Indirect Steering to Direct Control

3.2 Aims, Methods and Instruments of Recentralization

3.3 Between Excessive Bureaucracy and Lack of Efficiency

4 Aims, Methods and Political Determinants of the Economic Policy of Poland 1970-1980

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Development 1971-1975

4.3 Factors of Development in 1971-1975

4.4 Growing Tensions in the Economy

4.5 Economic Reform

4.6 1976-1980: Plans and Results

5 Aims and Methods of Economic Policy in Czechoslovakia 1970-1978

5.1 The Aims of Economic Policy in the 1970s

5.2 Ways and Means of Economic Policy in the 1970s

5.3 Economic Growth and Efficiency

5.4 Conclusion

6 Problems and Trends in the Development of the Hungarian New Economic Mechanism: A Balance Sheet of the 1970s

6.1 Centralization, Decentralization, Recentralization-A Survey of the Changes in the Hungarian Economic Order

6.2 Problems of Functioning and Revisions of Instruments in the 1970s

6.3 Ten Years of the New Economic Mechanism-An Attempt at a Balance Sheet

6.4 Revision of Strategy for the 1980s

7 Economic Development and Planning in Bulgaria in the 1970s

7.1 Aspects of Economic Development at the Threshold of the 1970s

7.2 Performance in the 1970s

7.3 Technical Progress and Foreign Trade

7.4 Agriculture

7.5 Living Standards and Conditions

7.6 The System of Planning and Management

7.7 Impetus for and Resistance to Change

7.8 Statistical Appendix

8 Economic Reform in Romania in the 1970s

8.1 Publications on the Romanian System

8.2 The Period between Reforms, 1972-1978

8.3 The 'New Economic Mechanism' and Its Implementation, 1978-1980

9 Objectives and Methods of Economic Policies in Yugoslavia, 1970-1980

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The Economic Objectives of the Yugoslav Revolution

9.3 The Yugoslav Economy in the 1970s

9.4 Prospects for the Future

10 The Economic System of Albania in the 1970s: Developments and Problems

10.1 Conservative Radicalism

10.2 Genesis of the Present System

10.3 The Adaptations of 1970

10.4 Incentives

10.5 Agricultural Organization

10.6 Sharp Disputes on Economic Policy, 1974-1976

Index

Details

No. of pages:
368
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483163444

About the Editor

Alec Nove

Hans-Hermann Höhmann

Gertraud Seidenstecher