The East European Economies in the 1970s reviews the development of economic policy in Eastern Europe in the 1970s. This book includes individual country studies that compare and contrast both the aims of economic development and the results of the growth process, as well as the instruments employed in economic policy. More specifically, this book examines what has happened during the past decade after the fundamental changes in economic policy that occurred in the 1960s. This text is comprised of 10 chapters; the first of which provides a background on economic reform in Eastern Europe during the 1970s. Attention then turns to the economic policy, methods, and performance of the USSR after 1970. The chapters that follow focus on the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia. This book concludes with a discussion on the economic system of Albania in the 1970s, focusing on the country's conservative radicalism, agriculture, and sharp disputes on economic policy between 1974 and 1976. Throughout the book, the emphasis is on how the ""process of reconstruction within the system"" has led to increasing differentiation of aims, institutions, and instruments of economic policy between individual countries. This book will be of interest to political science students, political scientists, political economists, and policy analysts.
Acknowledgments Foreword Contributors 1 Economic Reform in the 1970s-Policy with no Alternative 1.1 The Road to Reform 1.2 The Retreat from Reform 1.3 Why no More Extensive Reform? 2 USSR: Economic Policy and Methods after 1970 2.1 Survey of Policy, Methods and Performance in the Last Decade 2.2 Fundamental Defects of the Centralized Planning System 2.3 New Attempts at Reform 3 The GDR-Economic Policy Caught between Pressure for Efficiency and Lack of Ideas 3.1 From Indirect Steering to Direct Control 3.2 Aims, Methods and Instruments of Recentralization 3.3 Between Excessive Bureaucracy and Lack of Efficiency 4 Aims, Methods and Political Determinants of the Economic Policy of Poland 1970-1980 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Development 1971-1975 4.3 Factors of Development in 1971-1975 4.4 Growing Tensions in the Economy 4.5 Economic Reform 4.6 1976-1980: Plans and Results 5 Aims and Methods of Economic Policy in Czechoslovakia 1970-1978 5.1 The Aims of Economic Policy in the 1970s 5.2 Ways and Means of Economic Policy in the 1970s 5.3 Economic Growth and Efficiency 5.4 Conclusion 6 Problems and Trends in the Development of the Hungarian New Economic Mechanism: A Balance Sheet of the 1970s 6.1 Centralization, Decentralization, Recentralization-A Survey of the Changes in the Hungarian Economic Order 6.2 Problems of Functioning and Revisions of Instruments in the 1970s 6.3 Ten Years of the New Economic Mechanism-An Attempt at a Balance Sheet 6.4 Revision of Strategy for the 1980s 7 Economic Development and Planning in Bulgaria in the 1970s 7.1 Aspects of Economic Development at the Threshold of the 1970s 7.2 Performance in the 1970s 7.3 Technical Progress and Foreign Trade 7.4 Agriculture 7.5 Living Standards and Conditions 7.6 The System of Planning and Management 7.7 Impetus for and Resista
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- © Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
- 17th December 1981
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