The Chemistry of Nonaqueous Solvents V4 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124338043, 9780323139380

The Chemistry of Nonaqueous Solvents V4

1st Edition

Solution Phenomena and Aprotic Solvents

Authors: J J Lagowski
eBook ISBN: 9780323139380
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1976
Page Count: 319
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The Chemistry of Nonaqueous Solvents, Volume IV: Solution Phenomena and Aprotic Solvents focuses on the chemistry of nonaqueous solvents, with emphasis on solution phenomena and aprotic solvents such as tetramethylurea, inorganic acid chlorides, cyclic carbonates, and sulfolane. This book is organized into seven chapters and begins with an overview of the theory of electrical conductivity and elementary experimental considerations, along with some of the interesting research on nonaqueous solvents. It then turns to a discussion on hydrogen bonding phenomena in nonaqueous systems as probed by four spectroscopic techniques; the different methods used in studying redox systems in nonaqueous solvents such as potentiometry and steady state diffusion methods; and the use of tetramethylurea as a nonaqueous medium for chemical reactions and chemical investigations. The reader is also introduced to inorganic acid chlorides of high dielectric constant, with special reference to antimony trichloride, and preparation methods for cyclic carbonates including vinylene carbonate, ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, and butylene carbonate. The book concludes with a chapter on sulfolane, focusing on its preparation and purification, physical properties, and toxicology. This book will be of interest to chemists who want to know more about nonaqueous solvents.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Contents of Previous Volumes

1. Conductivity in Nonaqueous Solvents

I. Introduction

II. Theory of Electrical Conductivity

III. Experimental Techniques

IV. Recent Research in Nonaqueous Solvents


2. Hydrogen Bonding Phenomena

I. Introduction

II. Infrared Spectroscopy

III. Raman Spectroscopy

IV. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

V. Ultraviolet Spectroscopy


3. Redox Systems in Nonaqueous Solvents

I. Generalities about Redox Systems in Nonaqueous Solvents

II. Redox Systems in Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives

III. Conclusion


4. Tetramethylurea

I. Introductory Comments

II. Solvent Preparation and Purification

III. Physical Properties

IV. Solubility Characteristics

V. Chemical Reactions

VI. Applied Studies

VII. Fundamental Investigations

VIII. Concluding Statements


5. Inorganic Acid Chlorides of High Dielectric Constant (with Special Reference to Antimony Trichloride)

I. Introduction

II. Purification and Physical Properties

III. Solvent Properties

IV. Cryoscopy: "Normal Solutes" and Inorganic Salts

V. Conductance of Simple Salts

VI. Conductance of Other Inorganic Halides

VII. Conductance of Probable Impurities

VIII. Organic Solutes: Introduction

IX. Organic Chloro Compounds

X. Solutions of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

XI. Amines

XII. Voltammetry in SbCl3

XIII. Other Applications of This Solvent

XIV. Other Similar Solvents

XV. Summary


6. Cyclic Carbonates

I. Introduction

II. Preparation: General Methods

III. Vinylene Carbonate (VC)

IV. Ethylene Carbonate (EC)

V. Propylene Carbonate (PC)

VI. Chloro-Substituted Cyclic Carbonates

VII. Butylene Carbonate

VIII. o-Phenylene Carbonate

IX. Ethylene Carbonate

X. Propylene Carbonate

XI. Propylene Carbonate-Water

XII. Propylene Carbonate-AlCl3

XIII. Propylene Carbonate-Dimethyl Sulfoxide


7. Sulfolane

I. Introduction

II. Preparation

III. Purification

IV. Physical Properties

V. Spectral Studies and Structure of Sulfolane

VI. Solubility Characteristics

VII. Electrochemical Studies

VIII. Reactions in Sulfolane

IX. Other Studies


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1976
Academic Press
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About the Author

J J Lagowski

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