The Chemistry of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine

The Chemistry of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine

Pergamon Texts in Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 7

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Authors: A. J. Downs, C. J. Adams
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483158327

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The Chemistry of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine is a special edition that contains selected sections and addresses the needs of specialists in their respective fields. The text describes the general atomic properties of non-metals, particularly the halogens, as being the perfect series to study, both in physical and chemical terms. The book explains that the combination of the atomic properties implies excellent electronegativity values for the halogen atoms. The text also cites some behavior characteristics of halogens that are irregular, such as chlorine and bromine are similar but differ from fluorine on one side and iodine on the other. The book also compares the general methods of producing chlorine, bromine, or iodine by 1) oxidation of halide derivatives or 2) reduction of compounds of the halogens in positive oxidation states. The text then reviews the application of a complex valence theory that raises difficult questions about the bonding in halogen-oxygen molecules. The book also explains the biological behavior of astatine that accumulates in the liver or in the thyroid gland depending on the method of administration either as a radiocolloid or as a true solution. The book is suitable for molecular biologists and researchers, molecular chemists, and medical researchers.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1. Introduction

    General Atomic Properties

    Irregularities of Behavior of the Halogens

    Thermodynamic Aspects of the Chemistry of the Halogens

    Subsequent Treatment of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine


    2. The Elements Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine

    Discovery and History

    Natural Occurrence

    Formation of the Elementary Halogens

    Uses of Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine

    Atomic Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine

    Physical Properties of the Molecular Halogens

    Chemical Properties of the Halogens

    Analytical Determination of the Elementary Halogens

    Biological Action of the Elementary Halogens

    3. Halide Ions and Related Species: Oxidation State - 1

    Properties of the Halide Ions

    General Properties of Halides

    The Hydrogen Halides

    Detection and Analytical Determination of the Hydrogen Halides and Halide Ions

    Biological Action of the Hydrogen Halides and Halide Ions

    4. Derivatives of Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine in Positive Oxidation States

    A. Halogen Cations

    B. The Oxygen Compounds of the Halogens

    C. Inter-halogens and Polyhalide Anions

    D. Organic Polyvalent Halogen Derivatives

    5. Astatine


    History, Discovery and Natural Occurrence

    Isotopes of Astatine

    Preparation, Separation and Estimation of Astatine

    Physical Properties of Astatine and Its Compounds

    Chemical Properties of Astatine

    Biological Behavior of Astatine


    Contents of Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry

    Independent Opinion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 508
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483158327

About the Authors

A. J. Downs

C. J. Adams

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