The Brain and Psychology

The Brain and Psychology

1st Edition - June 28, 1980

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  • Editor: M. C. Wittrock
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277318

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Description

The Brain and Psychology reports on recent findings of research on the brain. The book is organized into three parts. Part I deals with the organization of the brain, including its structural and its functional organizations The discussions cover the anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of the brain; and the functional organization of the brain (the psychological and behavioral functions of structures in the spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum, and forebrain, especially the cerebral cortex). Part II describes research on the information-processing systems of the brain. It covers attention and its motivational and emotional controls; visual perception and memory; and a model of language structures of the brain; and cerebral asymmetry in cognitive processes and individual differences in brain function. Part III relates the research on the brain to several problems in psychology as these relationships are perceived by a brain researcher, a developmental psychologist, and an educational psychologist.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Part I The Organization of the Brain

    Chapter I An Introduction to the Anatomy, Physiology, and Chemistry of the Brain

    I. The Neuron

    II. The Central Nervous System: The Brain and Spinal Cord

    Bibliography

    Chapter II Functional Organization of the Human Brain

    I. Introduction: What Organizes Which Functions?

    II. Integrators of Body Action in the Spinal Cord

    III. Brainstem: Special Senses and Motor Organs of the Head; Orienting, Attending, Eating, Breathing, and Communicating

    IV. Cerebellum: Center for Motor Strategies and Skills

    V. The Forebrain

    VI. Conclusions

    Bibliography

    Part II Information Processing in the Brain

    Chapter III The Neuropsychology of Attention: Emotional and Motivational Controls

    I. Introduction

    II. Arousal, Activation, and Effort—A Model of Attention

    III. Human Psychophysiology and Autonomic Correlates of Attention

    IV. The Delineation of Brain Systems in Attention

    V. Neurochemical Mechanisms in Attention

    VI. Conclusion: Emotion and Motivation in Attention

    Bibliography

    Chapter IV Visual Perception and Memory

    I. Introduction

    II. Visual Processing

    III. Registration and Selection

    IV. Encoding and Retention

    V. Hemispheric Differences in Encoding

    VI. Conclusions

    Bibliography

    Chapter V Language and Verbal Processes

    I. Disorders in Phonological Processing

    II. Syntax and Semantics

    III. The Lexicon

    IV. Electrical Mapping of the Brain

    V. Left-Right Asymmetry

    VI. The WADA Test

    VII. Electroencephalographic Data

    VIII. Visual Half-Field Studies

    IX. Dichotic Studies

    Χ. Development of Speech and Language and CNS Maturation

    Bibliography

    Chapter VI Cerebral Asymmetry and the Psychology of Man

    I. Introduction

    II. The Split-Brain Patient

    III. Individual Differences in Human Brain Organization

    IV. Sociobiology and Cerebral Asymmetry

    Bibliography

    Part III Psychology and the Recent Research on the Brain

    Chapter VII Cognition and the Brain

    I. Point of Departure

    II. From Awareness to Automatization

    III. Genetically Preprogrammed Behavior

    IV. From Stimulus-Bound Response to Mental Representation

    V. The Need for Response Inhibition

    VI. Functional Distance in the Brain

    VII. Life-Span Changes in Functional Cerebral Space

    VIII. Why Function is Localized in the Brain

    IX. Hemisphere Differences

    X. Selector Mechanisms

    XI. Educational Implications

    Bibliography

    Chapter VIII The Developing Brain and Child Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Past Endeavors to Relate Behavior to the Brain

    III. Neurological Processes in Perception

    IV. Arousal, Attention, and the Developing Brain

    V. Attention and Habituation in Perceptual Development

    VI. Affective Development

    VII. Cognitive Development

    VIII. Individual Differences in Attention and Perception

    IX. Conclusion

    Bibliography

    Chapter IX Learning and the Brain

    I. Introduction

    II. The Functions of the Brain

    III. The Functional Organization of the Brain

    IV. Biological Processes in Learning and Memory

    V. Fundamental Processes of Learning

    VI. Summary

    Bibliography

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 440
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: June 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277318

About the Editor

M. C. Wittrock

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