The Biology of Pseudomonas

The Biology of Pseudomonas

1st Edition - September 16, 1986

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  • Editor: J Sokatch
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144230

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Description

The Bacteria, A Treatise on Structure and Function, Volume X: The Biology of Pseudomonas is generally an update of information already published about pseudomonas. This book contains information that has been discovered since the release of “Genetics and Biochemistry of Pseudomonas”. Divided into three parts, the book starts with the foundation, which is the biology of the pseudomonas. The next part deals about the genetics, while the last part tackles the biochemistry of pseudomonas. The first section of this book covers topics including the modern review of the taxonomy of pseudomonas. Other sections include chapters on the important medical applications of features of these bacteria. Chapters on the virulence factors, membrane transport, and plasmids are also presented in this book. The second section of this book deals with genetics and topics including cloning and regulation of transcription. The metabolic versatility is given recognition in the third section of this book. Moreover, this section thoroughly discusses amino acid metabolism, cytochrome, and hydrocarbon catabolism.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    I. Biology

    1. Taxonomy of the Pseudomonads

    I. Introduction

    II. Brief History of the Genus Pseudomonas

    III. General Properties of Pseudomonas

    IV. Genetics and Plasmids

    V. Modern Developments in Pseudomonas Taxonomy

    VI. Subdivision of Pseudomonas into RNA Homology Groups

    VII. Further Support of the Classification of Pseudomonas into RNA Homology Groups

    VIII. Epilogue

    References

    2. Control of Pseudomonas putida Growth on Agar Surfaces

    I. Introduction: Organization in Pseudomonas putida Colonies

    II. Origin and Characterization of the PPS2532 Lineage: Some Points of Technique

    III. Variation of Physiological Markers: Differences between Lineages

    IV. Control of Morphogenetic Patterns in the bl and c2 Lineages: Aging, Multicelluiar

    Heredity, and Neoplasms

    V. Sectorial Variation in the al and b2 Lineages

    VI. Programming and Pattern Determination in Bacterial Populations

    References

    3. Evolution of Enzyme Structure and Function in Pseudomonas

    I. Physiological and Ecological Diversity

    II. Genetic Aspects

    III. Comparative Studies of Catabolic Enzymes as Indicators of Evolutionary Origin

    IV. Experimental Observations on the Evolution of New Enzyme Activities

    V. Evolution of Phenotypes: Summary and Conclusions

    References

    4. Outer Membrane Permeability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    I. Introduction

    II. Isolation and Composition of the Outer Membrane

    III. Permeation of Hydrophilic Compounds through the Outer Membrane: The Role of Protein F

    IV. Alternative Porins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    V. Permeability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Hydrophobie Compounds

    VI. Interaction of Aminoglycosides and Polymyxin B with the Outer Membrane of

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    VII. Compounds Which Alter Outer Membrane Permeability in Pseudomonas

    aeruginosa

    VIII. Outer Membranes and Protein Secretion

    IX. Outer Membranes of Pseudomonads Other than Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    X. Conclusions

    References

    5. Toxins and Virulence Factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    I. Introduction

    II. Toxin A

    III. Exoenzyme S

    IV. Alkaline Protease and Elastase

    V. Other Virulence-Related Products

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    II. Genetics

    6. Chromosome Mobilization and Genomic Organization in Pseudomonas

    I. Introduction

    II. Mutation

    III. Mechanisms of Genetic Exchange

    IV. Genome Arrangement

    V. Summary

    References

    7. Regulation of Tryptophan Synthesis in Pseudomonas

    I. Gene-Enzyme Relationships

    II. Pathway Regulation

    III. Sequence Comparisons

    IV. Evolutionary Implications of trp Gene Studies

    References

    8. Resistance Plasmids of Pseudomonas

    I. Introduction

    II. Plasmid Prevalence

    III. Plasmid Classification

    IV. Transfer Properties and Pili

    V. Plasmid Host Range

    VI. Plasmid-Determined Resistance

    VII. Transposons

    VIII. R Plasmids and Antibiotic Resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    IX. Plasmids and the Study of Pseudomonas Genetics

    X. Conclusions

    References

    9. Degradative Plasmids in Pseudomonas

    I. Introduction

    II. Xylene/Toluene Degradative Plasmids

    III. Naphthalene and Salicylate Degradative Plasmids

    IV. Camphor and Octane Degradative Plasmids

    V. Plasmids Encoding Degradation of 3-Chlorobenzoic Acid and 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid

    VI. In Vivo and in Vitro Genetic Manipulations with Degradative Plasmids to Enhance

    Biodegradability of Synthetic Chlorinated Compounds

    VII. Other Degradative Plasmids

    VIII. Genetic Homology among Pseudomonas Degradative Plasmids

    IX. Problems of Expression of Pseudomonas genes in Escherichia coli and Other

    Bacteria and the Nature of Pseudomonas Promoters

    References

    10. Gene Cloning and Manipulation in Pseudomonas

    I. Introduction

    II. Transposon Mutagenesis

    III. Gene Cloning in Pseudomonas

    IV. Markers for Analysis of Gene Expression and Regulation

    V. Manipulation of Gene Expression

    VI. Manipulation of Catabolic Pathways to Provoke Accumulation of Specific Intermediates

    VII. Construction of Hybrid Metabolic Pathways

    VIII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    11. Cloning of Pseudomonas Genes in Escherichia coli

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods for Cloning Pseudomonas Genes in Escherichia coli

    III. Cloning of Pseudomonas Chromosomal Genes in Escherichia coli

    IV. Cloning of Plasmid Genes in Escherichia coli

    V. Conclusion

    References

    III. Biochemistry

    12. Biosynthetic and Catabolic Features of Amino Acid Metabolism in Pseudomonas

    I. Introduction

    II. Permeability Mediators for Amino Acids

    III. Arginine Metabolism

    IV. Proline Metabolism

    V. Glycine and the Hydroxyamino Acids Serine and Threonine

    VI. Metabolism of Sulfur Amino Acids

    VII. Metabolism of Branched-Chain Amino Acids

    VIII. Glutamic and Aspartic Acid and Their Amides

    IX. Lysine and Hydroxylysine Metabolism

    X. Histidine Metabolism

    XI. Metabolism of the Aromatic Amino Acids

    XII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    13. Catabolic Potential of Pseudomonas cepacia

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristic Enzymatic Features of Selected Catabolic Pathways

    III. Involvement of Transposable Elements in Recruitment of Foreign Genes for New

    Catabolic Pathways and Genomic Rearrangements

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    14. Terpenoid Metabolism by Pseudomonas

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Terpenoids

    III. Degradation of Terpenoids by Pseudomonas

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    15. Biochemistry of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Degradation in Pseudomonads

    I. Introduction

    II. General Aspects of Aromatic Catabolism

    III. Ring Fission and Subsequent Reactions

    IV. Meta-Fission Reactions and Hydrocarbon Degradation

    V. Catabolic Pathways for Various Hydrocarbons

    VI. ds-Dihydrodiols of Hydrocarbons

    VII. Catabolism of Naphthalene, Phenanthrene, and Anthracene

    VIII. Function and Composition of Oxygenases

    IX. Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Some Contrasts

    References

    16. Pseudomonas Cytochromes P-450

    I. Introduction

    II. Cytochrome P-450cam

    III. Cytochrome P-450lin

    IV. Cytochrome P-450cym

    V. The Pseudomonas Identity Crisis: PpG777 and PaG158

    VI. Bacterial Cytochromes P-450

    References

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 632
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: September 16, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144230

About the Editor

J Sokatch

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