The Biology of Crustacea

The Biology of Crustacea

Volume 3: Neurobiology, Structure and Function

1st Edition - October 28, 1982

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  • Author: Author Unknown
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323139052

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The Biology of Crustacea, Volume 3: Neurobiology: Structure and Function focuses on fundamental aspects of crustacean neurobiology, from the organization of the central nervous system (CNS) and neuromuscular systems to synapses and neurotransmitters, nerve and muscle, hormones and neurosecretion, photoreception, chemoreception and thermoreception, and mechanoreception. It also looks at systematics, phylogeny, biogeography, embryology, genetics, ecology, behavior, pathobiology, comparative morphology, growth, and sex determination of crustaceans. Organized into nine chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the crustacean CNS, with emphasis on neural organization of the brain as well as neural organization in the optic lobes and in the thoracic and abdominal ganglia. It then discusses the organization and components of neuromuscular systems, mechanisms of release of neurotransmitters at synapses, morphology and excitation-contraction coupling in muscle, and development of nerve, muscle, neuromuscular synapses, and neural circuits. It explains the neural control of neurosecretion in crustaceans, anatomy of photoreceptors and accessory structures in the compound eye, and chemosensory organization. The book concludes with a chapter on crustacean mechanoreceptors and their evolution. This book will be of interest to zoologists, paleontologists, ecologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, morphologists, pathologists, biologists, and other scientists engaged in basic or applied research on various aspects of crustacean biology.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    General Acknowledgments

    Preface to Volume 3

    Contents of Volumes 1-2, 4

    1 Organization of the Central Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Neural Organization of the Brain

    III. Neural Organization in the Optic Lobes

    IV. Neural Organization in the Thoracic and Abdominal Ganglia


    2 Organization of Neuromuscular Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Components of Neuromuscular Systems

    III. Survey of Neuromuscular Organization

    IV. General Principles


    3 Synapses and Neurotransmitters

    I. Introduction

    II. General Features of Synapses and Neurotransmitters

    III. Structural Features of Synapses

    IV. Synaptic Action

    V. Transmitter Substances and Receptors

    VI. Neurohormones

    VII. Mechanisms of Release

    VIII. Conclusion


    4 Muscle

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology

    III. Electrical Properties

    IV. Excitation-Contraction Coupling

    V. Mechanical Properties

    VI. Perspectives


    5 Development of Nerve, Muscle, and Synapse

    I. Introduction

    II. Development of Nerve

    III. Development of Muscle

    IV. Development of Neuromuscular Synapses

    V. Development of Neural Circuits

    VI. Conclusions and Prospects


    6 Hormones and Neurosecretion

    I. Introduction

    II. The Sinus Gland System

    III. Pericardial Organs (PO)

    IV. Post-Commissural Organs (PCO)

    V. Neural Control of Neurosecretion

    VI. Conclusions


    7 Photoreception

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomy of Barnacle Ocelli

    III. Anatomy of Photoreceptors and Accessory Structures in the Compound Eye

    IV. Photoreceptor Optics

    V. Visual Pigments of the Rhabdom

    VI. Electrical Responses of Photoreceptors

    VII. Breakdown and Resynthesis of Photoreceptive Membrane

    VIII. Development and Differentiation of the Ommatidia and Their Connections


    8 Chemoreception and Thermoreception

    I. Chemoreception

    II. Thermoreception

    III. Overview


    9 Mechanoreception

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification and Definition of Mechanoreceptors

    III. Details of Mechanoreceptor Types in Decapods

    IV. Examples from Non-Decapods

    V. Evolution of Crustacean Mechanoreceptors

    List of Abbreviations


    Systematic Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 479
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: October 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323139052

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