The Bifidobacteria and Related Organisms

The Bifidobacteria and Related Organisms

Biology, Taxonomy, Applications

1st Edition - September 20, 2017

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  • Editors: Paola Mattarelli, Bruno Biavati, Wilhelm Holzapfel, Brian JB Wood
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128050606
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128052099

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The Bifidobacteria and Related Organisms: Biology, Taxonomy, Applications brings together authoritative reviews on all aspects of Bifidobacteria and related genera. Their place within the Phylum Actinobacteria is discussed first, and this is followed by descriptions of the genera Bifidobacterium, Alloscardovia, Aeriscardovia, Bombiscardovia, Gardnerella, Metascardovia, Parascardovia and Scardovia and the currently accredited species within those genera. The increased availability of genome sequences and molecular tools for studying bifidobacteria provides important information about their taxonomy, physiology and interactions with their host. Also considerations about common bifidobacterial core maintenance during the mutual coevolution of a host and its intestinal microbes could be relevant for health claims for the ability of symbiotic gut bacteria to provide health benefits to their host, and for evaluating such claims in scientifically valid experiments. Chemotaxonomy is important to our understanding of these genera and so is considered along with physiological and biochemical aspects before proceeding to examine clinical and other practical aspects. The ability to maintain pure cultures and to grow cells in industrial quantities when required for applications requires that the cells’ environmental and nutritional needs are well understood. Some species are important clinically and as animal digestive tract synbionts—and even play a part in honey production—so these matters are considered along with milk oligosaccharides’ roles in gut flora development in neonates.

Key Features

  • Presents information on all bacteria in this group in one place
  • Provides applications and technological considerations placed alongside more academic matters such as nomenclature and phylogeny
  • Includes basic information on the beneficial role of bifidobacteria in the human gut, with particular importance for infants
  • Provides information on genomic and gene modification technologies


Food scientists in microbiology nutrition/health in academic and industry research settings, professionals in diverse fields of food science, physiologists, biochemists, as well as microbiologists in food companies

Table of Contents

  • 1. The phylum Actinobacteria
      Paul A. Lawson
    2. Species in the Genus Bifidobacterium
      Paola Mattarelli, Bruno Biavati
    3. Related Genera Within the Family Bifidobacteriaceae
      Bruno Biavati, Paola Mattarelli
    4. Isolation, Cultivation and Storage of Bifidobacteria
      Monica Modesto
    5. Chemotaxonomic Features in the Bifidobacteriaceae Family
      Paola Mattarelli, Barbara Sgorbati
    6. Nutritional Requirements of Bifidobacteria
     Rachel Levantovsky, Cary R. Allen-Blevins, David A. Sela
    7. Stress Responses of Bifidobacteria: Oxygen and Bile Acid as the Stressors
     Shinji Kawasaki, Masamichi Watanabe, Satoru Fukiya, Atsushi Yokota
    8. Carbohydrate Metabolism in Bifidobacteria
      Muireann Egan, Douwe van Sinderen
    9. Interactions Between Bifidobacteria, Milk Oligosaccharides and Neonate Hosts
     Guy I. Shani, Zachary T. Lewis, Ashanti M. Robinson, David A. Mills
    10. Biological Activities and Applications of Bifidobacterial Exopolysaccharides: From the Bacteria and Host Perspective
      Nuria Castro-Bravo, Borja Sánchez, Abelardo Margolles, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo
    11. Folate and Bifidobacteria
     Thomas A. Andlid, Maria R. D’Aimmo, Jelena Jastrebova
    12. Bifidobacteria: Ecology and Coevolution with the Host
      Francesca Turroni, Christian Milani, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
    13. Clinical Significance of Bifidobacteria
      Christian U. Riedel
    14. Honeybee-Specific Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli
      Tobias Olofsson, Alejandra Vásquez
    15. Genetic Manipulation and Gene Modification Technologies in Bifidobacteria
     Satoru Fukiya, Mikiyasu Sakanaka, Atsushi Yokota
    16. Production of Probiotic Bifidobacteria
      Arthur C. Ouwehand, Sara Sherwin, Connie Sindelar, Amy B. Smith, Buffy Stahl
    17. Prebiotics, Probiotics and Synbiotics: A Bifidobacterial View
      Lorenzo Morelli, Maria L. Callegari, Vania Patrone
    18. Evidence of the In Vitro and In Vivo Immunological Relevance of Bifidobacteria
    Susana Delgado, Lorena Ruiz, Arancha Hevia, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo, Abelardo Margolles, Borja Sánchez

Product details

  • No. of pages: 324
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2017
  • Published: September 20, 2017
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128050606
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128052099

About the Editors

Paola Mattarelli

Dr Paola Mattarelli is a microbiologist with a PhD in Microbial Ecology. Currently, she is a principal investigator at Bologna University with 20-years’ experience on the taxonomy, functional properties and microbial ecology of bifidobacteria, especially in human and animal host interactions. She is co-author of chapters related to bifidobacteria in “The Prokaryotes” and “Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology”. She is co-author of numerous scientific papers, reviews and book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy

Bruno Biavati

Dr. Bivati is a full professor for Microbiology and Head of Microbiology Area in the Department of Agro-environmental Science and Technologies at Bologna University in Italy. His primary research interests include bifidobacteriaceae, methanoarchea, the microbial ecology of the intestinal tract in humans and farm animals; probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics; and the antimicrobial activity of natural compounds. Professor Biavati has served on the Editorial Board of Annals of Microbiology since 1995 and is past President of the Italian Society for Agricultural, Food and Environmental Microbiology. He has authored three book chapters and over 75 journal articles.

Affiliations and Expertise

Retired, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy

Wilhelm Holzapfel

Wilhelm H. Holzapfel, Chair Professor, Advanced Green Energy and Environment Institute, Handong Global University, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, South Korea. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 scientific papers and over 60 book chapters, and has edited or co-edited 7 books. He has held academic positions (Professor, Honorary Professor and Extraordinary Professor) in microbiology at various universities, and was Head (until 2007) (Director and Professor) of the Institute of Hygiene and Toxicology in Karlsruhe, Germany, and currently is chair professor at Handong Global University, South Korea. Since 1996 he has been President of the ICFMH of the IUMS

Affiliations and Expertise

Handong Global University, Pohang, South Korea

Brian JB Wood

Dr Brian J. B. Wood worked first (3 years) at the University of California at Davis, including an Austral Summer in the Antarctic, then for 6 years at Unilever’s Colworth House Research Centre, finally for 30 years at Strathclyde University. He has co-authored numerous scientific papers, reviews and chapters in books, etc, and edited or co-edited 6 books, including The Microbiology of Fermented Foods (two editions).

Affiliations and Expertise

Retired, formerly Reader in Applied Microbiology, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK

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  • LibbyClements Wed Nov 13 2019

    The Bifidobacteria and Related Orgnaisms

    Comprehensive guide to Bifidobacteria!