The Art of Learning

The Art of Learning

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Author: Zbigniew Pietrasinski
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483160009

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The Art of Learning deals with psychological knowledge of effective methods of learning for the student to develop good and effective study habits. This book regards study habits as good training for efficient performance later in the student's actual work career. This text examines the rational methods of study and the habits of efficient studying, and even presents a questionnaire for the student to determine his own study habits. The author also emphasizes the equipment and place of study. Then the author evaluates the methods of book learning, such as preparation, intellectual activity during learning, concentration, and memorizing. He also gives tips when the student is learning large amounts of material, reading techniques, group studies, and taking notes. This book presents as well ways how the student can plan his studies, the principles of habit formation, and an example of the modern method of forming occupation habits. This text also tackles the acquisition and development of qualities such as the psychological bases of the creative attitude and the principles of rationalization, effort, and better utilization. This book then discusses the acquisition of wisdom and the commons ways to finding it. This text is suitable for students in technical schools, universities, and colleges; part-time students; students who are self-learners; and those in adult-education schools.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the First Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Chapter I. Rational Methods of Study

    Two Categories of Rules

    Conditions for Rational Study

    Ability and Method of Study

    Methods of Study and the Budgeting of Time

    Methods of Study and Alertness to Efficiency

    Have You the Habits of Efficient Studying

    Chapter II. The Equipment of a Place for Private Study

    Height of Furniture


    Chapter III. Methods of Book Learning

    Preparation and Habits

    Intellectual Activity during Learning


    The Right Approach to Memorizing

    Memorizing a Single Fact

    Why does Intellectual Activity Facilitate Memorizing

    Learning of Large Amounts of Material

    (a) Meaningfulness and Conditions Necessary for Thorough Understanding

    (b) Mastering Basic Information

    (c) Detailed Study

    (d) Direct Summarizing

    Ways of Combining Material

    Learning by Machines

    Improving Reading Technique

    (a) Scanning of Books

    (b) Increasing Reading Speed

    Making Notes

    The Art of Memorizing Knowledge

    Learning Foreign Languages

    (a) Acquiring a Working Knowledge of a Language

    (b) Acquiring a Passive Knowledge of a Language (Minimum Purpose)

    Studying in Teams

    Writing Reports and Essays

    (a) Essays on the Contents of One Book

    (b) Essays on a Topic with Information from Several Sources

    Chapter IV. Planning of Studies

    Importance of Planning

    How can the Reader Assess his Own Planning Ability

    Fundamentals of the Ability to Plan Studies

    General Concept of a Plan

    Retention Curves

    Kinds of Material to be Studied

    Proactive and Retroactive Inhibition

    Method of Planning Studies

    (a) Short-term Planning

    (b) Medium- and Long-term Planning

    Independent Preparation for Examinations

    (a) Purpose of the Plan

    (b) Period of the Plan

    (c) Checking your Plan

    Timing of Studies

    Attributes of Pupils and Students

    Chapter V. Habit Forming


    What is the Difference between Habit and Skill

    Principles of Habit Formation

    Conditions for Effective Habit Formation

    Good Verbal Instruction and Demonstration

    Knowledge of the Results of Practice

    Schedule of Practical Work

    Factors Favoring Transference of Skill

    Other Factors Influencing Habit-forming

    (a) Degree of Difficulty

    (b) Condition of the Tools and Equipment

    (c) Attitude of the Student

    (d) Confidence

    (e) Personal Characteristics

    (f) Well-being and Morale

    Perfecting and Transformation of Habits

    Example of the Modern Method of Forming Occupational Habits

    Chapter VI. Creative Abilities and the Creative Attitudes Towards Work


    Is Initiative the Privilege of Specialists

    The Most Important Conditions

    Psychological Bases of the Creative Attitude

    Studying the Principles of Rationalization

    Principles of Rationalization

    Principles of Effort and Better Utilization

    Chapter VII. Acquisition of Wisdom

    Is Wisdom a Popular Ideal

    An Attempt at Portrayal of a Wise Man

    1. Knowledge and Experience

    2. Learning

    3. Thinking

    4. Actions

    5. Wisdom and Cunning

    6. Wisdom and Morality

    The Way to Wisdom

Product details

  • No. of pages: 150
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483160009

About the Author

Zbigniew Pietrasinski

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