The Art and Science of Digital Compositing

The Art and Science of Digital Compositing

Techniques for Visual Effects, Animation and Motion Graphics

2nd Edition - May 21, 2008

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  • Author: Ron Brinkmann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123706386
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080879260

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Description

The classic reference, with over 25,000 copies in print, has been massively expanded and thoroughly updated to include state-of-the-art methods and 400+ all-new full color images! "At ILM, compositing is one of the most important tools we use. If you want to learn more, this excellent 2nd-edition is detailed with hundreds of secrets that will help make your comps seamless. For beginners or experts, Ron walks you through the processes of analysis and workflows - linear thinking which will help you become deft and successfully tackle any shot." --Dennis Muren ASC, Senior Visual Effects Supervisor, Industrial Light & Magic "Ron Brinkman's book is the definitive work on digital compositing and we have depended on this book as a critical part of our in-house training program at Imageworks since the 1999 Edition. We use this book as a daily textbook and reference for our lighters, compositors and anyone working with digital imagery. It is wonderful to see a new edition being released and it will certainly be required reading for all our digital artists here at Imageworks." --Sande Scoredos, Executive Director of Training & Artist Development, Sony Pictures Imageworks The Art and Science of Digital Compositing is the only complete overview of the technical and artistic nature of digital compositing. It covers a wide range of topics from basic image creation, representation and manipulation, to a look at the visual cues that are necessary to create a believable composite. Designed as an introduction to the field, as well as an authoritative technical reference, this book provides essential information for novices and professionals alike. 17 new case-studies provide in-depth looks at the compositing work done on films such as Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Golden Compass, The Incredibles, King Kong, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Sin City, Spider-Man 2, Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, and Star Wars: Episode 3 – Revenge of the Sith. Includes new sections on 3D compositing, High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging, Rotoscoping, and much more! All disc-based content for this title is now available on the Web.

Key Features

  • 17 new case-studies provide in-depth looks at the compositing work done on films such as Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Golden Compass, The Incredibles, King Kong, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Sin City, Spider-Man 2, Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, and Star Wars: Episode 3 – Revenge of the Sith.
  • Includes new sections on 3D compositing, High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging, Rotoscoping, and much more!

Readership

Developers, artists, and creative directors in film and computer graphics special effect, and students in these disciplines.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1 Introduction to Digital Compositing
    Definition
    Historical Perspective
    Terminology
    Organization of the Book
    Chapter 2 Learning to See
    Judging Color, Brightness, and Contrast
    Light and Shadow
    The Camera
    Depth, Distance, and Perspective
    Visual ‘Correctness’
    Chapter 3 The Digital Representation of Visual Information
    Image Generation
    Pixels, Components, and Channels
    Spatial Resolution
    Bit Depth
    Normalized Values
    Beyond Black and White
    Floating-Point and High Dynamic Range Imagery
    The HSV Color Representation
    The YUV Color Representation
    Image Input Devices
    Digital Image File Formats
    File Format Features
    Vendor-Specific File Format Implementations
    Compression
    Choosing a File Format
    Nonlinear Color Encoding
    Chapter 4 Basic Image Manipulation
    Terminology
    Color Manipulations
    Spatial Filters
    Geometric Transformations
    Motion Blur
    Chapter 5 Basic Image Compositing
    Multisource Operators
    The Matte Image
    The Integrated Matte Channel
    Additional Operators
    Masks
    Compositing With Premultiplied Images
    Morphing
    Chapter 6 Matte Creation and Manipulation
    Rotoscoping
    Procedural Matte Extraction
    Matte Manipulation
    Chapter 7 Time and Temporal Manipulations
    Apparent Motion
    Temporal Resolution
    Temporal Artifacts
    Changing the Length or Timing of a Sequence
    Keyframing
    Chapter 8 Image tracking and Stabilization
    Tracking an Element Into a Plate
    Human Intervention
    Tracking Multiple Points
    Stabilizing a Plate
    Camera Tracking
    Chapter 9 Interface Interactions
    Workflow
    The Evolution of Interactivity
    Methods of Representing the Compositing Process
    Timelines
    Curve Editors
    Working With Proxy Images
    Image Viewing and Analysis Tools
    Chapter 10 Formats: Media, Resolution, and Aspect Ratios
    Aspect Ratio
    Format Conversion Pipeline
    Film Formats
    Video Formats
    Other Formats
    Working With Nonsquare Pixels
    Converting and Combining Formats
    Chapter 11 Quality and Efficiency
    Quality
    Efficiency
    Production Methodologies
    Minimizing Data Loss
    Internal Software Accuracy
    Consolidating Operations
    Region of Interest
    Working in a Networked Environment
    Disk Usage
    Precompositing
    Chapter 12 Creating Elements
    Lighting
    Interactive Lighting
    Matched Cameras
    The Reference Stand-In
    Clean Plates
    Film Stock
    Filters
    Choosing a Format
    Lighting and Shooting With Bluescreens
    Bluescreen vs. Greenscreen
    Shooting Order
    Chapter 13 Additional Integration Techniques
    Scene Continuity
    Color and Lighting
    Camera Characteristics
    Chapter 14 Advanced and Related Topics
    The Digital Representation of Images, Revisited
    3D Compositing
    Working With CG Elements
    Related 2D Disciplines
    Chapter 15 Case Studies
    James and the Giant Peach
    Speed
    Independence Day
    The Prince of Egypt
    Budweiser Lizards Commercial
    Titanic
    A Gentlemen’s Duel
    Battlestar Galactica
    Carlton Draught ‘Big Ad’
    Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
    Golden Compass
    Incredibles Case Study
    I, Robot
    King Kong
    Lost
    The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
    The Orion Nebula from The Hubble Space Telescope: One Image from A Billion Pixels
    Sin City
    Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow
    Spider-Man 2
    Underworld: Evolution
    Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit
    Star Wars: Episode 3 – Revenge of the Sith
    Appendix A Digital Compositing Software: Tools and Features
    Color Corrections
    Filters
    Geometric Transformations and Warps
    Image Combination
    Field Controls
    Matte Generation
    Timing and Animation
    Image Generation
    Tracking
    Control
    Other
    Appendix B Digital Image File Formats
    Common Image File Formats
    The Cineon File Format
    The OpenEXR File Format
    Appendix C Common Film and Video Formats
    Film
    Digital Cinema Projection
    Video
    Bibliography
    Glossary
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Morgan Kaufmann 2008
  • Published: May 21, 2008
  • Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123706386
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080879260

About the Author

Ron Brinkmann

Ron M. Brinkmann has been working in the field of Computer Graphics for over a decade, involved with both hardware and software design, development and use. His primary field of expertise is in visual effects for feature films, and his personal feature-film credits include: Contact, The Ghost and the Darkness, James and the Giant Peach, Die Hard with a Vengeance, Speed, Hideaway, Tall Tale, Last Action Hero, and In the Line of Fire. He has had articles published in a number of magazines, and has lectured on the topics of digital compositing and visual effects in the U.S., Europe, Australia and China.

Affiliations and Expertise

Hermosa Beach, CA, USA

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