Synchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Synchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

1st Edition - February 18, 2010

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  • Editors: Balwant Singh, Markus Grafe
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444638298
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080932842

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Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science. This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered.

Key Features

  • Up-to-date, with the latest research results and techniques in synchrotron-based techniques
  • Information on specific techniques, elements and minerals, regulatory and remediation decision making, contaminants and the impact of X-ray absorption spectroscopy on soil science
  • Internationally recognized leaders in their fields of expertise from Europe, North America, Asia and Australia


Geologists; Geomorphologists; Earth Science Professionals in geological mapping agencies, mineral exploration companies; Hydrologists; GIS practitioners and specialists; Landscape Ecologists; Environmental Planners; teachers and academics

students in upper level geomorphology classes and soil measurement courses; Graduate students in soil science, quantitative ecology, earth sciences, GIS, and geodetic sciences.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1 The Impacts of X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy on Understanding Soil Processes and Reaction Mechanisms

    Chapter 2 Practical Application of Synchrotron-Based Hard X-Ray Microprobes in Soil Sciences

    Chapter 3 Applications of Microtomography in Soils and Sediments

    Chapter 4 Synchrotron Infrared Spectromicroscopy for Studying Chemistry of Microbial Activity in Geologic Materials

    Chapter 5 Application of Extended X-Ray Emission Fine Structure Spectroscopy in Soil and Sediments

    Chapter 6 Role of Synchrotron Techniques in USEPA Regulatory and Remediation Decisions

    Chapter 7 The Rhizosphere: A Synchrotron-Based View of Nutrient Flow in the Root Zone

    Chapter 8 Applications of Synchrotron-Based X-Ray Diffraction and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy to the Understanding of Poorly Crystalline and Metal-Substituted Iron Oxides

    Chapter 9 Nitrogen Compounds in Dissolved and Solid Environmental Samples

    Chapter 10 Organic Carbon Chemistry in Soils Observed by Synchrotron-Based Spectroscopy

    Chapter 11 Macroscale Chemical Properties and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Soil Phosphorus

    Chapter 12 Arsenic Chemistry in Soils and Sediments

    Chapter 13 Mercury Biogeochemistry in Soils and Sediments

    Chapter 14 Uranium Chemistry in Soils and Sediments


Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2010
  • Published: February 18, 2010
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444638298
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080932842

About the Editors

Balwant Singh

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Markus Grafe

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Scientist, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Division of Minerals, Waterford, Western Australia, Australia.

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  • PereRovira Fri Jul 19 2019

    From a soil scientist

    I had the opportunity of visiting the 'Alba' synchrotron, near Barcelona. I was impressed not just by the installation herself, but also by how open were they to the collaboration of external scientists. Actually they want to. After their technical explanations, I realized immediately the posibilities of this machine for my research field; I discovered that there is already a handful of soil scientists using already these techniques. The book offers a panoramic view of the application of these techniques to the field of soil science and similar ones (sediments, geological samples), and thus is of good help to someone that just starts to know this world. Of course some of the chapters are very specialised, and apparently far from my interests, but other will become undoubtedly important references to me and my future work.