Survey of Biological Progress - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483200002, 9781483225036

Survey of Biological Progress

1st Edition

Volume 1

Editors: George S. Avery E. C. Auchter G. W. Beadle
eBook ISBN: 9781483225036
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1949
Page Count: 406
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Surveys of Biological Progress, Volume I is an 11-chapter text that covers the advances in some aspects of biology, including growth and development, gene, virus, hormones, and ecological studies. This book starts with an introduction to the status of biological education in school curriculum and to the nature of gene actions. The subsequent chapter deals with the salient features of tracer methods and their application in biological and biochemical studies. Considerable chapters are devoted to various topics of biological interest, including nutrition, reproduction, growth and development, virus-causing tumors, and the link between hormones and sex differentiation. These topics are followed by a discussion on the specific activities of growth hormones and their link with the phenomena of tissue growth and differentiation. The concluding chapters consider the improvement in plant breeding methods and the effect of environmental factors on vitamin C content of food plants. These chapters also review the contribution of ecological studies in delineating population issues. This book is of value to biologists, and biology teachers and students.

Table of Contents

Teaching Biology Today

The Genes and Gene Action


I. The Genetics of Microorganisms

II. Mutation and the Nature of the Gene

III. The Nature of Gene Action

IV. The Gene and the Chromosome

V. Conclusion


Tracer Methods in Biological Research


I. Introduction

II. Bases of Tracer Methodology and Other Preliminaries

III. Survey of Tracer Methodology


Nutrition and Reproduction


I. Introduction

II. Invertebrates

III. Fishes, Amphibia, Reptiles

IV. Birds

V. Mammals


Growth and Development


I. General Concepts of Growth

II. Polarity and Symmetry

III. The Spermatozoon and Fertilization

IV. Cell Division

V. Biochemical Embryology

VI. Gastrulation

VII. Neurulation

VIII. Differentiation

IX. Heteroploidy

X. Effects of Radiations on Development

XI. Effects of Chemicals on Development

XII. Induction, Gene Hormones, and Genetic Control of Morphogenesis


Virus Tumors

I. Introduction

II. Wound-Tumor Disease

III. Cancer of the Kidney in Leopard Frogs

IV. Fowl Leucosis Complex

V. Rous Sarcoma Number 1

VI. Infectious Myxoma and Infectious Fibroma of Rabbits

VII. Infectious Papillomatosis (Warts) of Rabbits

VIII. Mammary Carcinoma of the Mouse

IX. General Considerations


Hormones and the Differentiation of Sex

I. Introduction

II. The Structural Basis for Sex Differentiation in the Embryo

III. The Present Status of the Problem

IV. Differentiation of the Gonad

V. Differentiation of the Sex Ducts

VI. Differentiation of the Urinogenital Sinus

VII. Differentiation of the External Genitalia

VIII. Embryonic Castration and the Hormone Theory

IX. The Nature and Identity of Sex Differentiating Agents

X. Specificity of Hormone Action and Paradoxical Effects


Growth Hormones and Tissue Growth in Plants



Primary Effects of Hormones

The Common Denominator of These Effects

Tissue Culture. A Technique for Studying This Common Denominator

Types of Cellular Response

Types of Regeneration

Galls and Tumors

Tissue Cultures of Tumors and of Normal Tissues

Auxins as Factors in Tumor Formation

Cellular Adaptation

"Habituation" in Tissue Cultures

Tissue Autonomy

Hypotheses Concerning the Nature of Habituation

Hormones in Biology


Newer Methods in the Rapid Development of Disease-Resistant Vegetables


I. Introduction

II. Basic Relationships

III. Facilitating Flowering and Fruit Set

IV. Seed Germination

V. Seed Storage

VI. Publication

VII. Personnel Factor

VIII. The Selection Program

IX. F1 Hybrids

X. Proof of Commercial Value

XI. The Future


Influence of Environmental Factors on the Vitamin Content of Food Plants

I. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

II. The Influence of Climatic Factors on Ascorbic Acid Content

III. The Influence of Soil Variables on Ascorbic Acid Content

IV. The Influence of Storage, Handling, Processing and Cooking

V. Discussion


Ecological Studies on Populations


I. The Growth of a Population

II. Natality

III. Mortality

IV. Competition Between Two Species

V. Periodic Fluctuations in Population Density


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 2049
Academic Press
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About the Editor

George S. Avery

E. C. Auchter

G. W. Beadle

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