Survey of Biological Progress

Survey of Biological Progress

Volume 1

1st Edition - January 1, 1949

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  • Editors: George S. Avery, E. C. Auchter, G. W. Beadle
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225036

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Surveys of Biological Progress, Volume I is an 11-chapter text that covers the advances in some aspects of biology, including growth and development, gene, virus, hormones, and ecological studies. This book starts with an introduction to the status of biological education in school curriculum and to the nature of gene actions. The subsequent chapter deals with the salient features of tracer methods and their application in biological and biochemical studies. Considerable chapters are devoted to various topics of biological interest, including nutrition, reproduction, growth and development, virus-causing tumors, and the link between hormones and sex differentiation. These topics are followed by a discussion on the specific activities of growth hormones and their link with the phenomena of tissue growth and differentiation. The concluding chapters consider the improvement in plant breeding methods and the effect of environmental factors on vitamin C content of food plants. These chapters also review the contribution of ecological studies in delineating population issues. This book is of value to biologists, and biology teachers and students.

Table of Contents

  • Teaching Biology Today

    The Genes and Gene Action


    I. The Genetics of Microorganisms

    II. Mutation and the Nature of the Gene

    III. The Nature of Gene Action

    IV. The Gene and the Chromosome

    V. Conclusion


    Tracer Methods in Biological Research


    I. Introduction

    II. Bases of Tracer Methodology and Other Preliminaries

    III. Survey of Tracer Methodology


    Nutrition and Reproduction


    I. Introduction

    II. Invertebrates

    III. Fishes, Amphibia, Reptiles

    IV. Birds

    V. Mammals


    Growth and Development


    I. General Concepts of Growth

    II. Polarity and Symmetry

    III. The Spermatozoon and Fertilization

    IV. Cell Division

    V. Biochemical Embryology

    VI. Gastrulation

    VII. Neurulation

    VIII. Differentiation

    IX. Heteroploidy

    X. Effects of Radiations on Development

    XI. Effects of Chemicals on Development

    XII. Induction, Gene Hormones, and Genetic Control of Morphogenesis


    Virus Tumors

    I. Introduction

    II. Wound-Tumor Disease

    III. Cancer of the Kidney in Leopard Frogs

    IV. Fowl Leucosis Complex

    V. Rous Sarcoma Number 1

    VI. Infectious Myxoma and Infectious Fibroma of Rabbits

    VII. Infectious Papillomatosis (Warts) of Rabbits

    VIII. Mammary Carcinoma of the Mouse

    IX. General Considerations


    Hormones and the Differentiation of Sex

    I. Introduction

    II. The Structural Basis for Sex Differentiation in the Embryo

    III. The Present Status of the Problem

    IV. Differentiation of the Gonad

    V. Differentiation of the Sex Ducts

    VI. Differentiation of the Urinogenital Sinus

    VII. Differentiation of the External Genitalia

    VIII. Embryonic Castration and the Hormone Theory

    IX. The Nature and Identity of Sex Differentiating Agents

    X. Specificity of Hormone Action and Paradoxical Effects


    Growth Hormones and Tissue Growth in Plants



    Primary Effects of Hormones

    The Common Denominator of These Effects

    Tissue Culture. A Technique for Studying This Common Denominator

    Types of Cellular Response

    Types of Regeneration

    Galls and Tumors

    Tissue Cultures of Tumors and of Normal Tissues

    Auxins as Factors in Tumor Formation

    Cellular Adaptation

    "Habituation" in Tissue Cultures

    Tissue Autonomy

    Hypotheses Concerning the Nature of Habituation

    Hormones in Biology


    Newer Methods in the Rapid Development of Disease-Resistant Vegetables


    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Relationships

    III. Facilitating Flowering and Fruit Set

    IV. Seed Germination

    V. Seed Storage

    VI. Publication

    VII. Personnel Factor

    VIII. The Selection Program

    IX. F1 Hybrids

    X. Proof of Commercial Value

    XI. The Future


    Influence of Environmental Factors on the Vitamin Content of Food Plants

    I. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

    II. The Influence of Climatic Factors on Ascorbic Acid Content

    III. The Influence of Soil Variables on Ascorbic Acid Content

    IV. The Influence of Storage, Handling, Processing and Cooking

    V. Discussion


    Ecological Studies on Populations


    I. The Growth of a Population

    II. Natality

    III. Mortality

    IV. Competition Between Two Species

    V. Periodic Fluctuations in Population Density


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 406
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1949
  • Published: January 1, 1949
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225036

About the Editors

George S. Avery

E. C. Auchter

G. W. Beadle

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