Surface Active Chemicals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080164229, 9781483279817

Surface Active Chemicals

1st Edition

Authors: H. E. Garrett
eBook ISBN: 9781483279817
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 178
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Description

Surface Active Chemicals resents a number of applications of surface activity. This book provides a discussion of bulk solution phase properties, which is important for proper understanding of surface phenomena. Organized into seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the works of cohesion of some organic liquids and their woks of adhesion to water. This text then describes the properties of ordinary soaps, which consist of blends of alkali–metal or organic base salts of fatty acids of from eight to eighteen carbon atoms. Other chapters consider the characteristic of soapy lather by the addition of excess fatty acid to soap, which raises its proportion in the surface layer still further and tends to make the lather even creamier. This book discusses as well the processes for the extraction of bone glue. The final chapter deals with the statistics of production and sales for soaps and detergents. This book is a valuable resource for chemists and senior students.

Table of Contents


Editors' Preface

Chapter 1. General Principles

Introduction

Intermolecular Forces

Solubility—General

Solubility of Tensides

Solubility of High Polymers

Co-Solvency, Hydrotropy, and Solubilization

Adsorption

Surface and Interfacial Tension

Surface Tension of Solutions

Cohesion and Adhesion

Spreading and Wetting

Surface Deformation

Adhesives—Theoretical

Foams

Emulsions and Creams

Detergency

Water Conservation

Reading List

Chapter 2. Soap and Detergents

Introduction

Soap-Making

Non-Soap Detergents—Introductory

Fatty Alcohol Sulphates

Secondary Alkyl Sulphates

Fatty Sulphonates

Alkylbenzene Sulphonates

Medialans and Lamepons

Igepons

Sulphosuccinates and Sulphocarballylates

Polyalcohol Monoalkyl Sulphates

Non-Ionic Detergents

Cationics

Ampholytes

Reading List

Chapter 3. Ancillary Surface Active Chemicals

Lather Promoters

Hydrotropes

Reading List

Chapter 4. The Manufacture of Adhesives

Animal Glues

Bone and Hide Glues

Fish Glues

Blood Glues

Casein Glues

Vegetable Glues

Soyabean Glues

Starches and Dextrins

Modified Starches

Cellulosics

Rubber

Synthetic Glues

Rubber-Like Polymers

Formaldehyde Condensates

Epoxy Adhesives

Isocyanate-Derived Adhesives

Other Synthetic Polymer Adhesives

Reading List

Chapter 5. Flocculating Agents

Introduction

Kinetics of Coagulation

Dilute Dispersions

Concentrated Dispersions

Molecular Mechanism of the Action of Organic Flocculants

Synthetic Organic Flocculants

Reading List

Chapter 6. Dispersing Agents

Chapter 7. Commercial Aspects

Glossary and Notation

Index

Details

No. of pages:
178
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483279817

About the Author

H. E. Garrett