Sulfuric Acid Manufacture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080444284, 9780080481234

Sulfuric Acid Manufacture

1st Edition

Authors: Matt King Michael Moats William Davenport William Davenport Matthew King
eBook ISBN: 9780080481234
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080444284
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 4th November 2005
Page Count: 425
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Description

More sulfuric acid is produced every year than any other chemical. It has a wide range of uses including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservatives, and lead-acid batteries. It is also a particularily corrosive and dangerous acid, with extreme environmental and health hazards if not manufactured, used, and regulated properly.

Sulfuric Acid Manufacture: Analysis, Control and Optimization keeps the important topics of safety and regulation at the forefront as it overviews and analyzes the process of sulfuric acid manufacture.

The first nine chapters focus on the chemical plant processes involved in industrial acidmaking, with considerable data input from the authors' industrial colleagues. The last 15 chapters are dedicated to the mathematical analysis of acidmaking.

Both Authors bring years of hands-on knowledge and experience to the work, making it an exceptional reference for anyone involved in sulfuric acid research and/or manufacture.

Key Features

  • Only book to examine the processes of sulfuric acid manufacture from an industrial plant standpoint as well as mathematical.

  • Draws on the industrial connections of the authors, through their years of hands-on experience in sulfuric acid manufacture.

  • A considerable amount of industrial plant data is presented to support the text.

Readership

Chemists, Chemical Engineers, Industrial Engineers, Chemical plant operators, chemical manufacturers; Any researcher, scientist, and student with an interest in sulfuric acid.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1: Overview

Chapter 2: Production and Consumption

Chapter 3: Sulfur Burning

Chapter 4: Metallurgical Offgas Cooling and Cleaning

Chapter 5: Regeneration of Spent Sulfuric Acid

Chapter 6: Dehydrating Air and Gases with Strong Sulfuric Acid

Chapter 7: Catalytic Oxidation of SO2 to SO3

Chapter 8: SO2 Oxidation Catalyst and Catalyst Beds

Chapter 9: Production of H2SO4(ℓ) from SO3(g)

Chapter 10: Oxidation of SO2 to SO3 – Equilibrium Curves

Chapter 11: SO2 Oxidation Heatup Paths

Chapter 12: Maximum SO2 Oxidation: Heatup Path-Equilibrium Curve Intercepts

Chapter 13: Cooling 1st Catalyst Bed Exit Gas

Chapter 14: 2nd Catalyst Bed Heatup Path

Chapter 15: Maximum SO2 Oxidation in a 2nd Catalyst Bed

Chapter 16: 3rd Catalyst Bed SO2 Oxidation

Chapter 17: SO3 and CO2 in Feed Gas

Chapter 18: 3 Catalyst Bed Acid Plant

Chapter 19: After-H2SO4-Making SO2Oxidation

Chapter 20: Optimum Double Contact Acidmaking

Chapter 21: Enthalpies and Enthalpy Transfers

Chapter 22: Control of Gas Temperature by Bypassing

Chapter 23: H2SO4 Making

Chapter 24: Acid Temperature Control and Heat Recovery

Appendix A: Sulfuric Acid Properties

Appendix B: Derivation of Equilibrium Equation (10.12)

Appendix C: Free Energy Equations for Equilibrium Curve Calculations

Appendix D: Preparation of Fig. 10.2 Equilibrium Curve

Appendix E: Proof that Volume%= Mole% (for Ideal Gases)

Appendix F: Effect of CO2 and Ar on Equilibrium Equations (None)

Appendix G: Enthalpy Equations for Heatup Path Calculations

Appendix H: Matrix Solving Using Tables 11.2 and 14.2 as Examples

Appendix I: Enthalpy Equations in Heatup Path Matrix Cells

Appendix J: Heatup Path-Equilibrium Curve Intercept Calculations

Appendix K: 2nd Catalyst Bed Heatup Path Calculations

Appendix L: Equilibrium Equation for Multi-Catalyst Bed SO2 Oxidation

Appendix M: 2nd Catalyst Bed Intercept Calculations

Appendix N: 3

Appendix O: 3rd Catalyst Bed Intercept Worksheet

Appendix P: Effect of SO3 in Fig. 10.1 Feed Gas on Equilibrium Equations

Appendix Q: SO3-in-Feed-Gas Intercept Worksheet

Appendix R: CO2- and SO3-in-Feed-Gas Intercept Worksheet

Appendix S: 3-Catalyst-Bed ‘Converter’ Calculations#

Appendix T: Worksheet for Calculating After-Intermediate-H2SO4-Making Heatup Path Equilibrium Curve Intercepts

Appendix U: After-H2SO4-Making SO2 Oxidation with SO3 and CO2 in Input Gas

Appendix V: Moist Air in H2SO4 Making Calculations

Appendix W: Calculation of H2SO4 Making Tower Mass Flows

Answers to Numerical Problems

Author Index

Index

Details

No. of pages:
425
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2005
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080481234
Hardcover ISBN:
9780080444284

About the Author

Matt King

Michael Moats

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Utah, UT, USA

William Davenport

Professor William George Davenport is a graduate of the University of British Columbia and the Royal School of Mines, London. Prior to his academic career he worked with the Linde Division of Union Carbide in Tonawanda, New York. He spent a combined 43 years of teaching at McGill University and the University of Arizona.

His Union Carbide days are recounted in the book Iron Blast Furnace, Analysis, Control and Optimization (English, Chinese, Japanese, Russian and Spanish editions).

During the early years of his academic career he spent his summers working in many of Noranda Mines Company’s metallurgical plants, which led quickly to the book Extractive Metallurgy of Copper. This book has gone into five English language editions (with several printings) and Chinese, Farsi and Spanish language editions.

He also had the good fortune to work in Phelps Dodge’s Playas flash smelter soon after coming to the University of Arizona. This experience contributed to the book Flash Smelting, with two English language editions and a Russian language edition and eventually to the book Sulfuric Acid Manufacture (2006), 2nd edition 2013.

In 2013 co-authored Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals, which took him to all the continents except Antarctica.

He and four co-authors are just finishing up the book Rare Earths: Science, Technology, Production and Use, which has taken him around the United States, Canada and France, visiting rare earth mines, smelters, manufacturing plants, laboratories and recycling facilities.

Professor Davenport’s teaching has centered on ferrous and non-ferrous extractive metallurgy. He has visited (and continues to visit) about 10 metallurgical plants per year around the world to determine the relationships between theory and industrial practice. He has also taught plant design and economics throughout his career and has found this aspect of his work particularly rewarding. The delight of his life at the university has, however, always been academic advising of students on a one-on-one basis.

Professor Davenport is a Fellow (and life member) of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum and a twenty-five year member of the (U.S.) Society of Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration. He is recipient of the CIM Alcan Award, the TMS Extractive Metallurgy Lecture Award, the AusIMM Sir George Fisher Award, the AIME Mineral Industry Education Award, the American Mining Hall of Fame Medal of Merit and the SME Milton E. Wadsworth award. In September 2014 he will be honored by the Conference of Metallurgists’ Bill Davenport Honorary Symposium in Vancouver, British Columbia (his home town).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ, USA

William Davenport

Professor William George Davenport is a graduate of the University of British Columbia and the Royal School of Mines, London. Prior to his academic career he worked with the Linde Division of Union Carbide in Tonawanda, New York. He spent a combined 43 years of teaching at McGill University and the University of Arizona.

His Union Carbide days are recounted in the book Iron Blast Furnace, Analysis, Control and Optimization (English, Chinese, Japanese, Russian and Spanish editions).

During the early years of his academic career he spent his summers working in many of Noranda Mines Company’s metallurgical plants, which led quickly to the book Extractive Metallurgy of Copper. This book has gone into five English language editions (with several printings) and Chinese, Farsi and Spanish language editions.

He also had the good fortune to work in Phelps Dodge’s Playas flash smelter soon after coming to the University of Arizona. This experience contributed to the book Flash Smelting, with two English language editions and a Russian language edition and eventually to the book Sulfuric Acid Manufacture (2006), 2nd edition 2013.

In 2013 co-authored Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals, which took him to all the continents except Antarctica.

He and four co-authors are just finishing up the book Rare Earths: Science, Technology, Production and Use, which has taken him around the United States, Canada and France, visiting rare earth mines, smelters, manufacturing plants, laboratories and recycling facilities.

Professor Davenport’s teaching has centered on ferrous and non-ferrous extractive metallurgy. He has visited (and continues to visit) about 10 metallurgical plants per year around the world to determine the relationships between theory and industrial practice. He has also taught plant design and economics throughout his career and has found this aspect of his work particularly rewarding. The delight of his life at the university has, however, always been academic advising of students on a one-on-one basis.

Professor Davenport is a Fellow (and life member) of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum and a twenty-five year member of the (U.S.) Society of Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration. He is recipient of the CIM Alcan Award, the TMS Extractive Metallurgy Lecture Award, the AusIMM Sir George Fisher Award, the AIME Mineral Industry Education Award, the American Mining Hall of Fame Medal of Merit and the SME Milton E. Wadsworth award. In September 2014 he will be honored by the Conference of Metallurgists’ Bill Davenport Honorary Symposium in Vancouver, British Columbia (his home town).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ, USA

Matthew King

Affiliations and Expertise

Hatch Associates Pty Ltd., Perth, Western Australia