Studies in Verbal Behavior - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080169262, 9781483158846

Studies in Verbal Behavior

1st Edition

An Empirical Approach

Editors: Kurt Salzinger Richard S. Feldman
eBook ISBN: 9781483158846
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 474
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Description

Studies in Verbal Behavior: An Empirical Approach summarizes the results of empirical studies on the variables that control verbal behavior. These studies explore the response properties of verbal behavior already acquired, with respect to size of unit, mode of emission, and the constraining effects of sentence frames. The stimulus situation in which the behavior is emitted, the use of verbal material as stimulus, and the relationship between sequential guessing of sentences and the marking off of ""idea unit"" boundaries in the same material are also discussed. This volume first introduces the reader to situations which will best allow us to view the basic lawfulness inherent in the control of verbal behavior. In particular, it explores response bias and serial effects in a modified Shannon Guessing Game and compares oral and written verbal behavior. Attention then turns to the manner in which the verbal stimulus controls various forms of behavior, paying particular attention to search time as a function of target location and frequency in language, along with some stimulus properties of syntagmatic and paradigmatic word sequences. The next section analyzes the effects of limiting the generation of sentences by length and by the presence of certain words or grammatical endings (bound morphemes) in particular positions of each sentence. Some characteristics of sentences as response units are highlighted.
This book will be of value to psychologists and those who are interested in verbal behavior.

Table of Contents


Preface

Introduction

Part I Some Basic Issues in Studies of Verbal Behavior

Introduction to Part I

Some Problems of Response Measurement in Verbal Behavior: The Response Unit and Intraresponse Relations

Summary and Conclusions

Study 1 Response Bias and Serial Effects in a Modified Shannon Guessing Game

Introduction

Materials

Procedure

Results

Discussion

Summary

Appendix A A Pilot Study in Guessing the First Words of Sentences

Appendix B A Check Experiment on the Sentence Position of Words to Be Guessed

Study 2 A Comparison of Oral and Written Verbal Behavior

Introduction

Procedure

Results

Discussion

Summary

Part II Some Stimulus Properties of Verbal Behavior

Introduction to Part II

Study 1 Search Time as a Function of Target Location and Frequency in the Language

Introduction

Method

Results

Discussion

Summary

Appendix A Frequencies for Field Syllables

Appendix B Plan of Stimulus Card

Appendix C Method for Calculating Theoretical Probabilities of Degrees of Imbedding

Study 2 Some Stimulus Properties of Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic Word Sequences

Introduction

Method

Results

Discussion

Summary and Conclusions

Appendix A Instruction Page and Sample Items from Each of the Four Types of Stimulus Booklets

Study 3 Verbal Dependencies in the Analysis of Language Behavior: Experiment 1

Introduction

Procedure

Results and Discussion

Appendix A Prose Passage

Appendix B Frequency Distributions and Information Estimates of Subjects' Guesses

Part III Some Response Properties of Verbal Behavior: The Sentence Unit

Introduction to Part III

Study 1 Verbal Dependencies in the Analysis of Language Behavior: Experiments 2 and 3

Experiment 2: A Pilot Study Using Sentence Frames

Experiment 3: Responses to Sentence Frames

Procedure

Results and Discussion

Appendix A Data Sheet Used to Obtain Subjects' Responses in Experiment 3

Study 2 Some Characteristics of Sentences as Response Units

Introduction

Procedure

Results

Discussion

Summary

Part IV Supplementary Materials

Additional Appendixes to Studies in This Volume

Appendix 1 Word Frequency Groups Based on Lorge Magazine Count

Appendix 2 (a) Information in Letters of Each Letter Position within Each Length-Class of Tokens, Based on Lorge Magazine Count

Appendix 2 (b) Information in Letters of Each Letter Position within Each Length-Class of Types, Based on Lorge Magazine Count

Appendix 3 Number of Occurrences of CVC Nonsense Syllables in Initial and Remaining Three Letter-Positions in All-Letter Tokens of Lorge Magazine Count

Materials from Other Sources

Appendix 4 (a) Rated Association Values of Numbers from 0-100

Appendix 4 (b) Supplementary Report: Rated Association Values of Numbers from 0-100

Appendix 5 Letter Association and Sequence Norms

Appendix 6 A Revision of Hull's Table of Associative Values for 320 Selected Nonsense Syllables

Appendix 7 Association Value of 320 Selected Words and Paralogs

Appendix 8 Response Faults in Word Association as a Function of Response Entropy

Appendix 9 Some Verbal Materials for the Study of Concept Formation

Appendix 10 Approximations to the Statistical Structure of English

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
474
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483158846

About the Editor

Kurt Salzinger

Richard S. Feldman