Structure - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123072016, 9780323163132


1st Edition

Editors: I.C. Gunsalus
eBook ISBN: 9780323163132
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 528
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The Bacteria: Volume I: Structure deals with the structure of bacteria and covers topics ranging from the composition and organization of the bacterial protoplasm to the movement of bacteria, morphology of bacterial spores, and bacterial protoplasts. The internal structure and surface layers of the bacterial cell are also discussed together with L-forms of bacteria, bacterial viruses, and localization of bacterial enzymes. This volume is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with an overview of cell theory and the theory of the unity of biochemistry, followed by an analysis of the composition and organization of the bacterial protoplasm. The next chapter explores the internal structure of bacteria, focusing on the cytoplasm and its surface as well as chromatin bodies. The surface layers of the bacterial cell is then discussed, paying particular attention to the cell wall, along with the movement of bacteria such as the spirochetes. Bacterial movements considered as tactic responses to external stimuli are highlighted. The remaining chapters analyze the development and germination of bacterial spores; the morphology and structure of bacterial protoplasts; L-forms of bacteria; and structure and function of bacterial viruses. This book also presents an antigenic analysis of cell structure before concluding with a chapter on the localization of enzymes in bacteria. This monograph will be a valuable resource for microbiologists, bacteriologists, biochemists, and biologists.

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume I


Contents of Volume II, III, IV

1. The Bacterial Protoplasm: Composition and Organization

I. Living Matter, Cell Theory, and the Unity of Biochemistry

II. The Bacterial Cell

III. The Materials of Bacteriology

IV. Chemical Analysis of Bacteria

V. Isolation of Functional Constituents

VI. Isolation of Organized Bacterial Constituents

VII. Specialized Differentiations of Bacterial Cells


2. The Internal Structure of the Cell

I. Introduction

II. The Cytoplasm and its Surface

III. Chromatin Bodies


3. Surface Layers of the Bacterial Cell

I. Introduction

II. Anatomy of the Bacterial Surface

III. Extracellular Surface Components, Slime, and Capsular Materials

IV. Cell Walls


4. Movement

I. Introduction

II. Theoretical Aspects of the Movements of Bacteria

III. Flagellar Movement

IV. Movements of the Spirochetes

V. Gliding Movement

VI. Bacterial Movements Considered as Tactic Responses to External Stimuli


5. Morphology of Bacterial Spores, Their Development and Germination

I. Introduction

II. Distribution of the Ability to Form Spores

III. General Observations on the Development of Spores

IV. The Brightness of Spores

V. The Interior of Spores

VI. The Skin of Spores

VII. The Imperviousness of Spores to Stains

VIII. The Chromatin of the Spore

IX. Germination

X. The Chromatin of Germinating Spores

XI. Parasporal Bodies

XII. Conclusion


6. Bacterial Protoplasts

I. Concepts and Definitions

II. Formation of Protoplasts

III. Morphology and Structure

IV. Physicochemical Properties of Protoplasts

V. Composition of Protoplasts

VI. Physiology and Biochemistry of Protoplasts


7. L-Forms of Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. The Discovery of the L-Form

III. Definition of L-Form

IV. Appearance of Growth on Solid and in Liquid Media

V. Production of L-Form

VI. Microscopic Demonstration of L-Form

VII. Morphology of L-Form

VIII. Properties of L-Form

IX. The Similarities of L-Forms and Pleuropneumonia-like Organisms

X. Electron Microscopic Demonstration of L-Forms of Bacteria and of PPLO

XI. L-Forms and Protoplasts

XII. Summary and Conclusions


8. Bacterial Viruses—Structure and Function

I. Introduction

II. Structure of Bacteriophage Particles

III. Relation of Structure to Function—Mechanism of Infection

IV. Importance of Bacteriophages in Bacteriology


9. Antigenic Analysis of Cell Structure

I. Introduction

II. Preparation of Antisera

III. Quantitative Methods of Using Antisera

IV. Applications of Serological Techniques to Problems of Bacteriology


10. Localization of Enzymes in Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. Direct Cytochemistry

III. Analytical Morphology

IV. Pigments of Photosynthetic Bacteria

V. Endospores


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1960
Academic Press
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About the Editor

I.C. Gunsalus

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