First published on January 1, 1960

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  • Editor: I.C. Gunsalus
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163132

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The Bacteria: Volume I: Structure deals with the structure of bacteria and covers topics ranging from the composition and organization of the bacterial protoplasm to the movement of bacteria, morphology of bacterial spores, and bacterial protoplasts. The internal structure and surface layers of the bacterial cell are also discussed together with L-forms of bacteria, bacterial viruses, and localization of bacterial enzymes. This volume is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with an overview of cell theory and the theory of the unity of biochemistry, followed by an analysis of the composition and organization of the bacterial protoplasm. The next chapter explores the internal structure of bacteria, focusing on the cytoplasm and its surface as well as chromatin bodies. The surface layers of the bacterial cell is then discussed, paying particular attention to the cell wall, along with the movement of bacteria such as the spirochetes. Bacterial movements considered as tactic responses to external stimuli are highlighted. The remaining chapters analyze the development and germination of bacterial spores; the morphology and structure of bacterial protoplasts; L-forms of bacteria; and structure and function of bacterial viruses. This book also presents an antigenic analysis of cell structure before concluding with a chapter on the localization of enzymes in bacteria. This monograph will be a valuable resource for microbiologists, bacteriologists, biochemists, and biologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume I


    Contents of Volume II, III, IV

    1. The Bacterial Protoplasm: Composition and Organization

    I. Living Matter, Cell Theory, and the Unity of Biochemistry

    II. The Bacterial Cell

    III. The Materials of Bacteriology

    IV. Chemical Analysis of Bacteria

    V. Isolation of Functional Constituents

    VI. Isolation of Organized Bacterial Constituents

    VII. Specialized Differentiations of Bacterial Cells


    2. The Internal Structure of the Cell

    I. Introduction

    II. The Cytoplasm and its Surface

    III. Chromatin Bodies


    3. Surface Layers of the Bacterial Cell

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomy of the Bacterial Surface

    III. Extracellular Surface Components, Slime, and Capsular Materials

    IV. Cell Walls


    4. Movement

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Aspects of the Movements of Bacteria

    III. Flagellar Movement

    IV. Movements of the Spirochetes

    V. Gliding Movement

    VI. Bacterial Movements Considered as Tactic Responses to External Stimuli


    5. Morphology of Bacterial Spores, Their Development and Germination

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution of the Ability to Form Spores

    III. General Observations on the Development of Spores

    IV. The Brightness of Spores

    V. The Interior of Spores

    VI. The Skin of Spores

    VII. The Imperviousness of Spores to Stains

    VIII. The Chromatin of the Spore

    IX. Germination

    X. The Chromatin of Germinating Spores

    XI. Parasporal Bodies

    XII. Conclusion


    6. Bacterial Protoplasts

    I. Concepts and Definitions

    II. Formation of Protoplasts

    III. Morphology and Structure

    IV. Physicochemical Properties of Protoplasts

    V. Composition of Protoplasts

    VI. Physiology and Biochemistry of Protoplasts


    7. L-Forms of Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. The Discovery of the L-Form

    III. Definition of L-Form

    IV. Appearance of Growth on Solid and in Liquid Media

    V. Production of L-Form

    VI. Microscopic Demonstration of L-Form

    VII. Morphology of L-Form

    VIII. Properties of L-Form

    IX. The Similarities of L-Forms and Pleuropneumonia-like Organisms

    X. Electron Microscopic Demonstration of L-Forms of Bacteria and of PPLO

    XI. L-Forms and Protoplasts

    XII. Summary and Conclusions


    8. Bacterial Viruses—Structure and Function

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of Bacteriophage Particles

    III. Relation of Structure to Function—Mechanism of Infection

    IV. Importance of Bacteriophages in Bacteriology


    9. Antigenic Analysis of Cell Structure

    I. Introduction

    II. Preparation of Antisera

    III. Quantitative Methods of Using Antisera

    IV. Applications of Serological Techniques to Problems of Bacteriology


    10. Localization of Enzymes in Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Direct Cytochemistry

    III. Analytical Morphology

    IV. Pigments of Photosynthetic Bacteria

    V. Endospores


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163132

About the Editor

I.C. Gunsalus

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