Structure - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780121191023, 9780323161398

Structure

2nd Edition

Structure Part 2

Editors: Geoffrey Bourne
eBook ISBN: 9780323161398
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 672
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Description

The Structure and Function of Muscle, Second Edition: Volume II: Structure, Part 2 deals with various aspects of muscle structure, including physiology and microanatomy. The structure of the motor end plate is discussed, together with muscle regeneration and postmortem changes in muscle. Membranous systems in muscle fibers as well as the ultrastructural and physiological aspects of heart muscle are also considered. This volume is comprised of nine chapters and begins with an overview of how basic studies in uterine function and regulation promoted developments in reproduction, obstetrics, and regulatory biology, with emphasis on the basic mechanism of function and regulation of smooth muscles. The following chapters explore the capacitative, resistive, and syncytial properties of heart muscle; contractile structures in some Protozoa such as ciliates and gregarines; the microanatomy of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and voluntary, somatic, or skeletal muscle; postmortem changes in the physical characteristics of muscle; and morphology of spontaneous degeneration and regeneration in skeletal muscle. The morphology, ultrastructure, and cytochemistry of the muscle spindle are also outlined. The final chapter deals with membraneous systems in muscle fibers and includes a discussion on correlation between physiology and morphology of fiber types in vertebrates and invertebrates. This book will be a useful resource for students, researchers, and practitioners of anatomy, physiology, biology, and medicine.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Preface to the First Edition

Contents of Other Volumes

1. The Uterus—Model Experiments and Clinical Trials

I. Introduction

II. Why Smooth Muscles?

III. Structure

IV. The Contractile System

V. Comparison between Cross-Striated and Uterine Muscles

VI. Molecular Mechanism of Contraction

VII. Working Capacity

VIII. Excitation

IX. Regulation

X. Uterine Volume

XI. Estrogen

XII. Progesterone

XIII. Oxytocin

XIV. Prostaglandins

XV. A Model of Uterine Function

XVI. Clinical Considerations

References

2. Capacitative, Resistive, and Syncytial Properties of Heart Muscle—Ultrastructural and Physiological Considerations

I. Introduction

II. Ultrastructure of the Boundaries of Heart Muscle Cells

III. Capacitive and Conductive Properties of Cardiac Cell Boundaries

IV. Directions for Future Experiments

V. Appendix: Compilation of Articles on the Ultrastructure of Vertebrate and Invertebrate Heart Muscle

References

3. Contractile Structures in Some Protozoa (Ciliates and Gregarines)

I. Contractile Structures in Ciliates

II. Contractile Structures in Sporozoa (Gregarines)

III. Conclusion

References

4. The Microanatomy of Muscle

I. Introduction

II. Smooth Muscle

III. Voluntary, Somatic, or Skeletal Muscle

IV. Cardiac Muscle

References

5. Postmortem Changes in Muscle

I. Introduction

II. Physical Changes

III. Chemical Changes Underlying the Rigor Process

IV. Stoichiometric Relations between the Chemical Parameters

V. Abnormal Types of Rigor

VI. Nature of ATP Hydrolases Active in Resting Muscle

VII. Discussion

References

6. Regeneration of Muscle

I. Introduction

II. Factors Affecting Degree of Muscle Fiber Regeneration

III. Morphology of Spontaneous Degeneration and Regeneration in Skeletal Muscle

IV. Experimental Studies of Regeneration

V. Experiments with Human Muscle

VI. Effect of Denervation and Muscle Tension on Regeneration

VII. Effect of Corticosteroids on Muscle Regeneration

VIII. Regeneration of Cardiac Muscle

IX. Summary

References

7. Muscle Spindle

I. Historical Perspective

II. Development of Muscle Spindles

III. Morphology of the Muscle Spindle

IV. Ultrastructural Studies on the Muscle Spindle and Golgi Tendon Organ

V. Cytochemistry of the Muscle Spindle

VI. Pathology of the Muscle Spindle

VII. Some Aspects of the Function of the Muscle Spindle

VIII. Addendum

IX. Summary

References

8. Motor End Plate Structure

I. Introduction

II. Early Observations

III. General View of the Motor End Plate

IV. Terminal Axoplasm

V. Teloglia

VI. Junctional Sarcoplasm

VII. Coating of the Motor End Plate

VIII. Localization of the Junctional Cholinesterase

IX. Morphogenetic Significance of the Motor End Plate

References

9. Membranous Systems in Muscle Fibers

I. Introduction

II. Structure of the Surface and Internal Membranes

III. Functions of SR and T System

IV. Correlation between Physiology and Morphology of Fiber Types of Vertebrates

V. Correlation between Physiology and Morphology of Fiber Types in Invertebrates

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
672
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323161398

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne