Structure

Structure

Structure Part 2

First published on January 1, 1973

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  • Editor: Geoffrey Bourne
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161398

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Description

The Structure and Function of Muscle, Second Edition: Volume II: Structure, Part 2 deals with various aspects of muscle structure, including physiology and microanatomy. The structure of the motor end plate is discussed, together with muscle regeneration and postmortem changes in muscle. Membranous systems in muscle fibers as well as the ultrastructural and physiological aspects of heart muscle are also considered. This volume is comprised of nine chapters and begins with an overview of how basic studies in uterine function and regulation promoted developments in reproduction, obstetrics, and regulatory biology, with emphasis on the basic mechanism of function and regulation of smooth muscles. The following chapters explore the capacitative, resistive, and syncytial properties of heart muscle; contractile structures in some Protozoa such as ciliates and gregarines; the microanatomy of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and voluntary, somatic, or skeletal muscle; postmortem changes in the physical characteristics of muscle; and morphology of spontaneous degeneration and regeneration in skeletal muscle. The morphology, ultrastructure, and cytochemistry of the muscle spindle are also outlined. The final chapter deals with membraneous systems in muscle fibers and includes a discussion on correlation between physiology and morphology of fiber types in vertebrates and invertebrates. This book will be a useful resource for students, researchers, and practitioners of anatomy, physiology, biology, and medicine.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Preface to the First Edition

    Contents of Other Volumes

    1. The Uterus—Model Experiments and Clinical Trials

    I. Introduction

    II. Why Smooth Muscles?

    III. Structure

    IV. The Contractile System

    V. Comparison between Cross-Striated and Uterine Muscles

    VI. Molecular Mechanism of Contraction

    VII. Working Capacity

    VIII. Excitation

    IX. Regulation

    X. Uterine Volume

    XI. Estrogen

    XII. Progesterone

    XIII. Oxytocin

    XIV. Prostaglandins

    XV. A Model of Uterine Function

    XVI. Clinical Considerations

    References

    2. Capacitative, Resistive, and Syncytial Properties of Heart Muscle—Ultrastructural and Physiological Considerations

    I. Introduction

    II. Ultrastructure of the Boundaries of Heart Muscle Cells

    III. Capacitive and Conductive Properties of Cardiac Cell Boundaries

    IV. Directions for Future Experiments

    V. Appendix: Compilation of Articles on the Ultrastructure of Vertebrate and Invertebrate Heart Muscle

    References

    3. Contractile Structures in Some Protozoa (Ciliates and Gregarines)

    I. Contractile Structures in Ciliates

    II. Contractile Structures in Sporozoa (Gregarines)

    III. Conclusion

    References

    4. The Microanatomy of Muscle

    I. Introduction

    II. Smooth Muscle

    III. Voluntary, Somatic, or Skeletal Muscle

    IV. Cardiac Muscle

    References

    5. Postmortem Changes in Muscle

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Changes

    III. Chemical Changes Underlying the Rigor Process

    IV. Stoichiometric Relations between the Chemical Parameters

    V. Abnormal Types of Rigor

    VI. Nature of ATP Hydrolases Active in Resting Muscle

    VII. Discussion

    References

    6. Regeneration of Muscle

    I. Introduction

    II. Factors Affecting Degree of Muscle Fiber Regeneration

    III. Morphology of Spontaneous Degeneration and Regeneration in Skeletal Muscle

    IV. Experimental Studies of Regeneration

    V. Experiments with Human Muscle

    VI. Effect of Denervation and Muscle Tension on Regeneration

    VII. Effect of Corticosteroids on Muscle Regeneration

    VIII. Regeneration of Cardiac Muscle

    IX. Summary

    References

    7. Muscle Spindle

    I. Historical Perspective

    II. Development of Muscle Spindles

    III. Morphology of the Muscle Spindle

    IV. Ultrastructural Studies on the Muscle Spindle and Golgi Tendon Organ

    V. Cytochemistry of the Muscle Spindle

    VI. Pathology of the Muscle Spindle

    VII. Some Aspects of the Function of the Muscle Spindle

    VIII. Addendum

    IX. Summary

    References

    8. Motor End Plate Structure

    I. Introduction

    II. Early Observations

    III. General View of the Motor End Plate

    IV. Terminal Axoplasm

    V. Teloglia

    VI. Junctional Sarcoplasm

    VII. Coating of the Motor End Plate

    VIII. Localization of the Junctional Cholinesterase

    IX. Morphogenetic Significance of the Motor End Plate

    References

    9. Membranous Systems in Muscle Fibers

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Surface and Internal Membranes

    III. Functions of SR and T System

    IV. Correlation between Physiology and Morphology of Fiber Types of Vertebrates

    V. Correlation between Physiology and Morphology of Fiber Types in Invertebrates

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161398

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne

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