Structural Elements Design Manual - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780434904686, 9781483278360

Structural Elements Design Manual

1st Edition

Authors: Trevor Draycott
eBook ISBN: 9781483278360
Imprint: Newnes
Published Date: 11th June 1990
Page Count: 246
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Description

Structural Elements Design Manual is a manual on the practical design of structural elements that comprise a building structure, namely, timber, concrete, masonry, and steel. Practical guidance on the design of structural elements is provided in accordance with the appropriate British Standard or Code of Practice. Plenty of worked examples are included.

Comprised of five chapters, this book begins with an overview of interrelated matters with which the structural engineer is concerned in the design of a building or similar structure. The British Standards and Codes of Practice are also considered, along with loading, structural mechanics, and theory of bending. The discussion then turns to timber, concrete, masonry, and steel elements, with emphasis on safety considerations and material properties.

This monograph should prove useful not only to students of structural and civil engineering, but also to those studying for qualifications in architecture, building, and surveying who need to understand the design of structural elements.

Table of Contents


Preface 9

1 General Matters

1.1 Introduction

1.2 British Standards

1.3 Loading

1.4 Structural Mechanics

1.5 Theory of Bending

1.6 Compression Members

1.7 Summary

2 Timber Elements

2.1 Stress Grading

2.2 Structural Design of Timber

2.3 Symbols

2.4 Strength Classes

2.5 Grade Stresses

2.6 Design Stresses

2.7 Dry and Wet Exposure Conditions

2.8 Geometrical Properties of Timber

2.9 Duration of Load

2.10 Load Sharing Systems

2.11 Types of Member

2.12 Flexural Members

2.12.1 Bending (Including Lateral Buckling)

2.12.2 Deflection

2.12.3 Shear

2.12.4 Bearing

2.12.5 Design Summary for Timber Flexural Members

2.13 Proprietary Timber Beams

2.14 Compression Members: Posts

2.14.1 Applied Compression Stress

2.14.2 Permissible Compression Stress

2.14.3 Slenderness of Posts

2.14.4 Slenderness Ratio λ

2.14.5 Ratio of Modulus of Elasticity to Compression Stress

2.14.6 Eccentrically Loaded Posts

2.14.7 Design Summary for Timber Posts

2.15 Load Bearing Stud Walls

2.16 Timber Temporary Works

2.16.1 Formwork

2.16.2 Support Work for Excavations

2.17 References

3 Concrete Elements

3.1 Structural Design of Concrete

3.2 Symbols

3.3 Design Philosophy

3.3.1 Ultimate Limit State

3.3.2 Serviceability Limit State

3.3.3 Limit State Basic Design Procedure

3.4 Safety Factors

3.5 Loads

3.5.1 Characteristic Loads

3.5.2 Partial Safety Factors for Load

3.5.3 Ultimate Design Load

3.6 Material Properties

3.6.1 Characteristic Strength of Materials

3.6.2 Partial Safety Factors for Materials

3.6.3 Ultimate Design Strength of Materials

3.7 Practical Considerations for Durability

3.7.1 Shape and Bulk of Concrete

3.7.2 Concrete Cover to Reinforcement

3.7.3 Fire Resistance

3.8 Flexural Members

3.9 Beams

3.9.1 Effective Span of Beams

3.9.2 Deep Beams

3.9.3 Slender Beams

3.9.4 Main Reinforcement Areas

3.9.5 Minimum Spacing of Reinforcement

3.9.6 Maximum Spacing of Reinforcement

3.9.7 Bending ULS

3.9.8 Cracking SLS

3.9.9 Deflection SLS

3.9.10 Shear ULS

3.9.11 Design Summary for Concrete Beams

3.10 Slabs

3.10.1 Dimensional Considerations

3.10.2 Reinforcement Areas

3.10.3 Minimum Spacing of Reinforcement

3.10.4 Maximum Spacing of Reinforcement

3.10.5 Bending ULS

3.10.6 Cracking SLS

3.10.7 Deflection SLS

3.10.8 Shear ULS

3.11 Columns

3.11.1 Column Cross-Section

3.11.2 Main Reinforcement Areas

3.11.3 Minimum Spacing of Reinforcement

3.11.4 Maximum Spacing of Reinforcement

3.11.5 Lateral Reinforcement

3.11.6 Compressive ULS

3.11.7 Shear ULS

3.11.8 Cracking SLS

3.11.9 Lateral Deflection

3.11.10 Design Summary for Concrete Columns

3.12 References

4 Masonry Elements

4.1 Structural Design of Masonry

4.2 Symbols

4.3 Definitions

4.4 Materials

4.4.1 Bricks

4.4.2 Blocks

4.4.3 Mortar

4.4.4 Wall Ties

4.4.5 Damp Proof Courses

4.5 Design Philosphy

4.6 Safety Factors

4.7 Loads

4.7.1 Characteristic Loads

4.7.2 Partial Safety Factors for Load

4.7.3 Ultimate Design Load

4.8 Material Properties

4.8.1 Characteristic Compressive Strength of Masonry Units

4.8.2 Partial Safety Factors for Materials

4.8.3 Ultimate Compressive Strength of Masonry Units

4.9 Factors Influencing the Load Bearing Capacity of Masonry Members

4.9.1 Slenderness Ratio

4.9.2 Lateral Support

4.9.3 Effective Height

4.9.4 Effective Length

4.9.5 Effective Thickness

4.9.6 Capacity Reduction Factor for Slenderness

4.10 Vertical Load Resistance

4.10.1 Design Summary for a Vertically Loaded Wall or Column

4.11 Concentrated Loads

4.12 References

5 Steel Elements

5.1 Structural Design of Steelwork

5.2 Symbols

5.3 Definitions

5.4 Steel Grades and Sections

5.5 Design Philosophy

5.6 Safety Factors

5.7 Loads

5.7.1 Specified Loads

5.7.2 Partial Safety Factors for Load

5.7.3 Ultimate Design Load

5.7.4 Serviceability Design Load

5.8 Material Properties

5.9 Section Properties

5.10 Beams

5.10.1 Bending ULS

5.10.2 Bending ULS of Laterally Restrained Beams

5.10.3 Bending ULS of Laterally Unrestrained Beams

5.10.4 Shear ULS

5.10.5 Deflection SLS

5.10.6 Web Buckling Resistance

5.10.7 Web Bearing Resistance

5.10.8 Design Summary for Steel Beams

5.11 Fabricated Beams

5.12 Columns

5.12.1 Axially Loaded Columns

5.12.2 Design Summary for Axially Loaded Steel Columns

5.12.3 Axially Loaded Columns with Nominal Moments

5.12.4 Design Summary for Axially Loaded Steel Columns with Nominal Moments

5.12.5 Cased Columns

5.12.6 Column Baseplates

5.13 Connections

5.14 References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
246
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Newnes 1990
Published:
Imprint:
Newnes
eBook ISBN:
9781483278360

About the Author

Trevor Draycott

Trevor Draycott, the former Buildings and Standards Manager with Lancashire County Council’s Department of Property Services has 50 years experience in the construction industry. For 20 years he was also an associate lecturer in structures at Lancashire Polytechnic, now the University of Central Lancashire in Preston. For many years he served on the Institution of Structural Engineers, North West Branch, professional interview panel and the North West regional committee of the Timber Research and Development Association.

Affiliations and Expertise

Trevor Draycott, the former Buildings and Standards Manager with Lancashire County Council’s Department of Property Services has 50 years experience in the construction industry. For 20 years he was also an associate lecturer in structures at Lancashire Polytechnic, now the University of Central Lancashire in Preston. For many years he served on the Institution of Structural Engineers, North West Branch, professional interview panel and the North West regional committee of the Timber Research and Development Association.