Solvent Effects on Chemical Phenomena

Solvent Effects on Chemical Phenomena

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Author: Edward Amis
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148528

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Solvent Effects on Chemical Phenomena, Volume I discusses the developments in the understanding of solvent effects on chemical phenomena in solution. This five-chapter volume begins with a discussion on the general concepts of various solvation types, including positive and negative, inner and outer sphere, and mixed component. The subsequent chapter deals with the determination of the actual solvation number for single ions. A short list of the total effective hydration numbers of electrolytes determined from temperature dependence of proton shifts is also provided in this chapter. Another chapter presents a number of examples of the unusual properties of certain mixed aqueous systems. The solvent effects on reaction rates and mechanisms are highlighted in the concluding chapter. This chapter also covers various types of solvents, such as protic and dipolar aprotic. The enthalpy and entropy of activation in salvation and the Finkelstein reactions are also discussed. Research chemists and scientists, teachers, and students with courses in solution chemistry will greatly benefit from this volume.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Contents Of Volume II

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Chapter 2. General Concepts of Solvation

    I. General Statements

    II. Types of Solvation

    III. Advantages of the NMR Technique for Outer Shell Coordination

    IV. Comparison of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance with Other Sources

    V. Calculations of Heats and Entropies of Hydration Employing Models


    Chapter 3. Solvation of Ions

    I. Introduction

    II. General Concepts

    III. Methods of Measurement

    IV. Evaluation


    Chapter 4. Structural Aspects of Mixed Aqueous Solvent Systems


    Chapter 5. Solvent Influence on Rates and Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Electrostatic Effects on Ion-Ion Reactions

    III. Salt Effects

    IV. Electrostatic Effects on Ion-Molecule Reactions

    V. Electrostatic Effects on Dipolar Molecule-Dipolar Molecule Reactions

    VI. Dielectric Constant and Dielectric Saturation

    VII. Protic and Dipolar Aprotic Solvent Effects

    VIII. Mixtures of Dipolar Aprotic Solvents and SN2 Reactions

    IX. Factors Affecting the Reactivity of Anion-Dipole S22 Reactions

    X. Correlations Involving Linear Free Energy Relationships

    XI. Enthalpy and Entropy of Activation and the Solvent

    XII. Finkelstein Reactions

    XIII. Summary

    XIV. Differential Attraction of Solutes for Solvents and Rates

    XV. Polarity of Solvent and Reaction Rates

    XVI. Pressure and Reaction Rates

    XVII. Viscosity and Reaction Rates: Cage Effects

    XVIII. Hydrogen-Bonding Influence on Reactions

    XVIX. Nucleophilicity and Reaction Rates

    XX. Solvation and lonization Effects of the Solvent on Rates and Mechanisms

    XXI. Solvolysis and the Effect of Solvent on Rates

    XXII. Nitration of Aromatic Compounds and the Solvent

    XXIII. Aqueous Proton Transfers and the Solvent


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 486
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148528

About the Author

Edward Amis

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