Solar-Hydrogen Energy Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080227139, 9781483188423

Solar-Hydrogen Energy Systems

1st Edition

An Authoritative Review of Water-Splitting Systems by Solar Beam and Solar Heat: Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilisation

Editors: Tokio Ohta
eBook ISBN: 9781483188423
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 276
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Description

Solar-Hydrogen Energy Systems is a collection of papers that discusses the advancements in the research of alternative energy technologies that utilizes solar-hydrogen energy systems.
The text first introduces the concept of solar-hydrogen energy system, and then proceeds to covering the technical topics in the subsequent chapters. The next chapters talks about the thermodynamics of water-splitting and water electrolysis. Next, the selection details direct thermal decomposition of water. The selection also discusses different processes to produce hydrogen, such as thermochemical, photochemical, and biochemical. The ninth chapter talks about solar energy storage by metal hydride, and the last chapter deals with direct solar energy conversion at sea. The book will be of great interest to scientists, engineers, and technicians involved in the research, development, and implementation of alternative energy technology.

Table of Contents


Authors

Acknowledgments

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction - A Review of the Scope

1-1 Significance of Solar Hydrogen Energy Systems

1-2 Solar Collectors

1-3 Hydrogen Production by Solar Energy

1-4 Utilization of Hydrogen

Chapter 2 Thermodynamics of Water-Splitting

2-1 Structure and Dynamics of Water Molecule

2-2 Thermodynamic Parameters

2-3 General Theory for Thermochemical Splitting of Water

Chapter 3 Water Electrolysis

3-1 Introduction

3-2 Principle of Water Electrolysis

3-3 Present Status of Water Electrolysis

3-4 Advanced Water Electrolyzers

3-5 Direct Electrolysis of Sea Water

Chapter 4 Direct Thermal Decomposition of Water

4-1 Introduction

4-2 Thermodynamics of the Process

4-3 Solar Thermal Energy

4-4 Separation Methods

4-5 The State of Experimental Works

4-6 Closing Remarks

Chapter 5 Thermochemical Hydrogen Production

5-1 Introduction

5-2 Development of Thermochemical Methods

5-3 Basic Considerations

5-4 Thermochemical Processes

5-5 Evaluation of Processes

Chapter 6 Photochemical Hydrogen Production

6-1 General Consideration

6-2 Classification of Photochemical Water Dissociation Systems

6-3 Yokohama Mark 5 & 6

6-4 Relevant Photochemical Processes

6-5 Concluding Remarks

Chapter 7 Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production

7-1 Introduction

7-2 Electrochemical Photocells using Semiconductor-electrodes

7-3 Biophotoelectrochemical Processes

7-4 Photoelectrocatalytic Processes

Chapter 8 Biological and Biochemical Hydrogen Production

8-1 Advantage of Biological Hydrogen Production

8-2 A Brief History of Biological Hydrogen Production Research

8-3 The Problem of Solar Energy Bioconversion Efficiency

8-4 Living Cell H2 Production

8-5 Cell-free H2 Production

8-6 The Multiple Utilization Approach

8-7 Conclusion

Chapter 9 Solar Energy Storage by Metal Hydride

9-1 Introduction

9-2 Metal-Metal Hydride Cycle

9-3 Design of Energy Storage Installation

9-4 Concluding Remarks

Chapter 10 Direct Solar Energy Conversion at Sea

10-1 Introducing the Concept

10-2 Potential for the Solar Production of Hydrogen Energy via DSECAS

10-3 Illustrative Baseline DSECAS Hydrogen Energy Production Model

10-4 Concluding Remarks

Appendices

A-l Solar Radiation on the Earth

A-2 About the Hydrogen Gas of 1m3

A-3 Properties of Hydrogen

A-4 General Physical Constants

A-5 Conversion Factors

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
276
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483188423

About the Editor

Tokio Ohta

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus of Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Japan