Solar Energy Application in Buildings - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126208603, 9780323149464

Solar Energy Application in Buildings

1st Edition

Editors: A. A. M. Sayigh
eBook ISBN: 9780323149464
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1979
Page Count: 460
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Description

Solar Energy Application in Buildings discusses the successful utilization of the Sun’s energy in various cultures, continents, and climates. This book consists of 19 chapters and begins with considerable chapters devoted to the fundamentals of solar energy, including climate, storage, and material properties. The subsequent chapters discuss the concept of passive heating and cooling in buildings. The remaining nine chapters deal with various applications of solar energy in buildings in the United States, Iran, Canada, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Great Britain, India, and France.
This work will be of great value to scientists and engineers who are interested in the great potential of solar energy.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Nomenclature

1 The Solar Radiation Spectrum and Its Utilization

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The Solar Constant and the Extraterrestrial Solar Spectrum

1.3 Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance at Ground Level

1.4 Direct Solar Radiation

1.5 Diffuse Radiation

1.6 Reflected Radiation

1.7 Total Radiation or Global Radiation

1.8 Effect of Turbidity on Solar Intensity

1.9 The Surface Albedo αg

1.10 Conclusion

2 Materials for Solar Energy Collectors

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Solar Radiation

2.3 Diathermanous Materials

2.4 Energy-Absorbing and -Emitting Materials

2.5 Heat Storage

2.6 Thermal Insulating Materials

3 Systematic Classification of Climate for Solar House Design

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Global Patterns of Solar Irradiation

3.3 The Absorption and Scattering Processes in the Atmosphere

3.4 The Diffuse Radiation Climate

3.5 Hourly Relationships for Average Diffuse Irradiance on Horizontal Surfaces

3.6 Climatological Variations in the Mean Irradiation of Sloping Surfaces

3.7 Climatological Factors Affecting Heat Losses from Flat Plate Solar Collection Systems

3.8 Meteorological Data Needed To Assess Storage Needs

3.9 Summary of Climatological Factors Affecting Space-Heating and Space-Cooling Demands

3.10 Conclusions

4 Solar Thermal Energy Storage Systems

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Solar Storage Requirements

4.3 Sensible Heat Storage

4.4 Thermal Energy Storage by Phase Changes

4.5 Other Forms of Energy Storage

4.6 Long-Term Solar Energy Storage

4.7 Conclusions

5 Solar Energy Utilization in Advanced Residential and Commercial Applications through Hydrogen Energy

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Solar Production of Hydrogen

5.3 Hydrogen Storage and Distribution in Solar Energy Systems

5.4 Hydrogen as a Fuel

5.5 Hydrogen Heating Units and Appliances

5.6 Hydrogen Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

5.7 Electricity Generation via Hydrogen Energy

6 Passive Solar Heating System

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Some Examples of Passive Solar Heating Systems

7 Passive Cooling of Buildings

7.1 Introduction

7.2 General Remarks

7.3 Psychrometry

7.4 Evaporative Air Coolers

7.5 Evaporative Water Coolers

7.6 Radiative Cooling of Selective Surfaces

7.7 Night Cooling Concept

7.8 Calculations and Cost Analysis

7.9 Conclusions

8 Solar Cooling for Buildings

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Conditioning Space for Comfort

8.3 Solar Cooling Systems

8.4 Storage and Performance

8.5 Economic Considerations

8.6 Current Research and Development

8.7 Conclusions

9 Natural Cooling in Hot Arid Regions

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Characteristics of Hot Arid Regions

9.3 Wind Towers

9.4 Air Vents

9.5 Cisterns

9.6 Natural Ice Making

9.7 Conclusions

10 Hydronic Solar Heating and Cooling in Georgia

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Solar Heating and Cooling Technology

10.3 Solar Homes and Buildings in Georgia

10.4 Some Solar Systems Used with Georgia Projects

11 Some Solar-Heated Buildings in Canada

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Direct Energy Associates Houses

11.3 Hoffman House

11.4 Lorriman House

11.5 La Macaza House

11.6 Pepper House

11.7 Provident House

11.8 Sicotte House

11.9 The Ark—Prince Edward Island

11.10 Recent Solar Energy Heating Demonstration Programs

11.11 Ives House

11.12 Fenco Consultants Limited House

11.13 The Proctor and Redfern Group House

12 Solar House Heating with Heat Pipe Collectors

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Concept

12.3 Solar Collectors

12.4 Energy System

12.5 Operating Experience

12.6 Further Activities

13 Solar Houses in Japan

13.1 Introduction

13.2 The Heat Pump in Solar Heating

13.3 Solar Cooling with an Absorption Refrigeration Machine

13.4 Space-Heating System

13.5 Collectors Used in Solar Houses

13.6 Selective Surfaces

13.7 Heat Media and Storage

13.8 Hot Water Supply

13.9 Conclusions

14 A Low-Energy House in New Zealand

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Climate

14.3 Residential Energy Use

14.4 The Low-Energy House

14.5 Thermal System Design

14.6 Future Program

15 Solar Houses in Britain

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Climate

15.3 Some Examples of Solar Buildings

15.4 The Solar House of the Future

15.5 Conclusions

16 Solar One

16.1 Introduction

16.2 The Solar House

16.3 Experiments with Solar Collectors

16.4 Insulation and Total System Performance

16.5 Overall Performance

17 Solar Heating of Greenhouses

18 Solar Housing in India

18.1 Historical Perspectives

18.2 Solar and Meteorological Characteristics of India

18.3 Some Thoughts on Solar Energy Technology Applicable to Housing in India

19 Integration of Solar Systems in Architectural and Urban Design

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Solar System

19.3 Analysis of the Solar System

19.4 Economic Aspects

19.5 Architectural Aspects

19.6 Practical Applications

19.7 Methodology for Urban Planning

19.8 Conclusion

References

Index




Details

No. of pages:
460
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323149464

About the Editor

A. A. M. Sayigh

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Engineering, University of Reading, UK