Solar Energy Application in Buildings

Solar Energy Application in Buildings

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Editor: A. A. M. Sayigh
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149464

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Description

Solar Energy Application in Buildings discusses the successful utilization of the Sun’s energy in various cultures, continents, and climates. This book consists of 19 chapters and begins with considerable chapters devoted to the fundamentals of solar energy, including climate, storage, and material properties. The subsequent chapters discuss the concept of passive heating and cooling in buildings. The remaining nine chapters deal with various applications of solar energy in buildings in the United States, Iran, Canada, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Great Britain, India, and France. This work will be of great value to scientists and engineers who are interested in the great potential of solar energy.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Nomenclature

    1 The Solar Radiation Spectrum and Its Utilization

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The Solar Constant and the Extraterrestrial Solar Spectrum

    1.3 Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance at Ground Level

    1.4 Direct Solar Radiation

    1.5 Diffuse Radiation

    1.6 Reflected Radiation

    1.7 Total Radiation or Global Radiation

    1.8 Effect of Turbidity on Solar Intensity

    1.9 The Surface Albedo αg

    1.10 Conclusion

    2 Materials for Solar Energy Collectors

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Solar Radiation

    2.3 Diathermanous Materials

    2.4 Energy-Absorbing and -Emitting Materials

    2.5 Heat Storage

    2.6 Thermal Insulating Materials

    3 Systematic Classification of Climate for Solar House Design

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Global Patterns of Solar Irradiation

    3.3 The Absorption and Scattering Processes in the Atmosphere

    3.4 The Diffuse Radiation Climate

    3.5 Hourly Relationships for Average Diffuse Irradiance on Horizontal Surfaces

    3.6 Climatological Variations in the Mean Irradiation of Sloping Surfaces

    3.7 Climatological Factors Affecting Heat Losses from Flat Plate Solar Collection Systems

    3.8 Meteorological Data Needed To Assess Storage Needs

    3.9 Summary of Climatological Factors Affecting Space-Heating and Space-Cooling Demands

    3.10 Conclusions

    4 Solar Thermal Energy Storage Systems

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Solar Storage Requirements

    4.3 Sensible Heat Storage

    4.4 Thermal Energy Storage by Phase Changes

    4.5 Other Forms of Energy Storage

    4.6 Long-Term Solar Energy Storage

    4.7 Conclusions

    5 Solar Energy Utilization in Advanced Residential and Commercial Applications through Hydrogen Energy

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Solar Production of Hydrogen

    5.3 Hydrogen Storage and Distribution in Solar Energy Systems

    5.4 Hydrogen as a Fuel

    5.5 Hydrogen Heating Units and Appliances

    5.6 Hydrogen Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

    5.7 Electricity Generation via Hydrogen Energy

    6 Passive Solar Heating System

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Some Examples of Passive Solar Heating Systems

    7 Passive Cooling of Buildings

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 General Remarks

    7.3 Psychrometry

    7.4 Evaporative Air Coolers

    7.5 Evaporative Water Coolers

    7.6 Radiative Cooling of Selective Surfaces

    7.7 Night Cooling Concept

    7.8 Calculations and Cost Analysis

    7.9 Conclusions

    8 Solar Cooling for Buildings

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Conditioning Space for Comfort

    8.3 Solar Cooling Systems

    8.4 Storage and Performance

    8.5 Economic Considerations

    8.6 Current Research and Development

    8.7 Conclusions

    9 Natural Cooling in Hot Arid Regions

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Characteristics of Hot Arid Regions

    9.3 Wind Towers

    9.4 Air Vents

    9.5 Cisterns

    9.6 Natural Ice Making

    9.7 Conclusions

    10 Hydronic Solar Heating and Cooling in Georgia

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Solar Heating and Cooling Technology

    10.3 Solar Homes and Buildings in Georgia

    10.4 Some Solar Systems Used with Georgia Projects

    11 Some Solar-Heated Buildings in Canada

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Direct Energy Associates Houses

    11.3 Hoffman House

    11.4 Lorriman House

    11.5 La Macaza House

    11.6 Pepper House

    11.7 Provident House

    11.8 Sicotte House

    11.9 The Ark—Prince Edward Island

    11.10 Recent Solar Energy Heating Demonstration Programs

    11.11 Ives House

    11.12 Fenco Consultants Limited House

    11.13 The Proctor and Redfern Group House

    12 Solar House Heating with Heat Pipe Collectors

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Concept

    12.3 Solar Collectors

    12.4 Energy System

    12.5 Operating Experience

    12.6 Further Activities

    13 Solar Houses in Japan

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 The Heat Pump in Solar Heating

    13.3 Solar Cooling with an Absorption Refrigeration Machine

    13.4 Space-Heating System

    13.5 Collectors Used in Solar Houses

    13.6 Selective Surfaces

    13.7 Heat Media and Storage

    13.8 Hot Water Supply

    13.9 Conclusions

    14 A Low-Energy House in New Zealand

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Climate

    14.3 Residential Energy Use

    14.4 The Low-Energy House

    14.5 Thermal System Design

    14.6 Future Program

    15 Solar Houses in Britain

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Climate

    15.3 Some Examples of Solar Buildings

    15.4 The Solar House of the Future

    15.5 Conclusions

    16 Solar One

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 The Solar House

    16.3 Experiments with Solar Collectors

    16.4 Insulation and Total System Performance

    16.5 Overall Performance

    17 Solar Heating of Greenhouses

    18 Solar Housing in India

    18.1 Historical Perspectives

    18.2 Solar and Meteorological Characteristics of India

    18.3 Some Thoughts on Solar Energy Technology Applicable to Housing in India

    19 Integration of Solar Systems in Architectural and Urban Design

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Solar System

    19.3 Analysis of the Solar System

    19.4 Economic Aspects

    19.5 Architectural Aspects

    19.6 Practical Applications

    19.7 Methodology for Urban Planning

    19.8 Conclusion

    References

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 460
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149464

About the Editor

A. A. M. Sayigh

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Engineering, University of Reading, UK

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