Solar-Driven Water Treatment

Solar-Driven Water Treatment

Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle

1st Edition - October 26, 2021

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  • Editors: Omid Mahian, Jinjia Wei, Robert Taylor, Somchai Wongwises
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323909914
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323900034

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Description

Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle looks at the use of solar energy and in particular photovoltaic technologies, as a viable, accessible and sustainable option in the treatment of water. Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle provides insight into the different solar powered technologies, in-depth information about the viability of sunlight in the water treatment process, the potential environmental implications as well as the performance, economics, operation and maintenance of the discussed technologies. Elaborating on the potential issues and health risks associated with the water purification systems this reference also covers the need for appropriate technologies in the present scenario to improve worldwide access to clean drinking water.  Readers will learn the most appropriate technology for their specific need making this book useful for renewable energy and environmental engineers in investigating energy efficiency, water treatment technologies, and the economics of technological change in the treatment of water by solar technologies.

Key Features

  • Provides a valuable resource on how to solve the issue of drinking water scarcity by solar energy
  • Describes various solar water treatment techniques with their environmental impacts
  • Cover issues associated with solar water purification and the need for technology assessment

Readership

Renewable energy and environmental engineers working in academia and industry. People who are active in renewable energy and environmental sciences, mechanical, civil, chemical, and environmental engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter 1. Water: a global grand challenge and a path forward
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 History of water treatment
  • 1.3 Conventional water purification methods
  • 1.4 Water–energy nexus
  • 1.5 An overview of renewable energy resources
  • 1.6 An overview of solar energy in water treatment
  • 1.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Water—Conventional and novel treatment methods
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Water: uncertainty
  • 2.3 The water–energy nexus
  • 2.4 Challenges in water–energy nexus
  • 2.5 Differences and divergences
  • 2.6 Water treatment technologies
  • 2.7 Novel treatment methods—biochar and its applications
  • 2.8 Need for solar-driven water treatment techniques
  • 2.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Solar and water: high-technology readiness technologies
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Solar water pumping
  • 3.3 Solar-driven reverse osmosis for water desalination
  • 3.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Chapter 4. Solar-driven water treatment: generation II technologies
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 An introduction to desalination
  • 4.2 Renewable energy–based desalination
  • 4.3 Direct solar desalination
  • 4.4 Indirect solar desalination
  • 4.5 Solar disinfection
  • 4.6 Environmental impact of generation II technologies
  • 4.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Solar-driven water treatment: Generation III - Low technology readiness
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Solar-driven membrane distillation
  • 5.3 Solar-driven electrodialysis
  • 5.4 Solar-driven capacitive deionization
  • 5.5 Economic development potential of low technology readiness–level technologies
  • 5.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Unlocking nanomaterials for next generation solar-driven water treatment technologies
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 The potential of nanomaterials for solar-driven water treatment
  • 6.2 Nanoparticles
  • 6.3 Nanomembranes
  • 6.4 Nanofibers
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Issues and risks associated with generation I–IV solar-driven water purification technologies
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Policies for desalination
  • 7.3 Issues in desalination
  • 7.4 Sociopolitical impacting factors
  • 7.5 Economics and business issues with solar desalination
  • 7.6 Australian status
  • 7.7 Fifty years analysis (1953–2013)
  • 7.8 During and after 2013
  • 7.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Solar-driven water treatment: the path forward for the energy–water nexus
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Research challenges to solar-driven water treatment
  • 8.3 Commercial challenges to solar-driven water treatment
  • 8.4 Challenges to international water desalination
  • 8.5 Opportunities across the globe for desalination
  • 8.6 MENA region
  • 8.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 382
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: October 26, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323909914
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323900034

About the Editors

Omid Mahian

Omid Mahian has received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering (Energy Conversion) and currently is a professor at School of Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China. Professor Mahian interests are solar desalination and application of nanotechnology for heat transfer enhancement that includes the increase of water evaporation rate. His Ph.D. dissertation was about the investigation of nanotechnology application for water evaporation rate enhancement in solar stills. He is currently an editorial board of Energy (Elsevier), Renewable Energy (Elsevier), senior associate editor of Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (Springer) and associate editor of Journal of Thermal Science. He has published more than 150 peer reviewed articles in prestigious journals and serving as a potential reviewer in more than 100 international journals. Recently, he has focused on the methods for steam generation (water desalination) enhancement using nanoparticles. He has been selected as highly cited researcher since 2018.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China

Jinjia Wei

Jinjia Wei is currently dean of School of Chemical Engineering and Technology of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Winner of National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, Changjiang Scholar Chair Professor of Ministry of Education, and Scientific and Technological Innovation Leading Talent of National Ten- thousand Plan. He presided over 3 national key projects and several projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China and others; He has published about 200 SCI papers. He gave 22 invited presentations in international conferences, published 4 monographs, and was authorized 22 national invention patents. He won 2 first-grade awards of science and technology at the provincial and ministerial level and 1 international academic award. Recently, he has focused on the membrane distillation of salt contained waste water with the aid of solar energy.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dean, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University

Robert Taylor

Robert Taylor is an Associate Professor in the School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering and in the School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, Sydney, Australia. Professor Taylor's main research interest is in the development of solar-power desalination systems and ‘next generation’ solar thermal collectors. Drawing on the fields of heat transfer and nanotechnology, he is researching new/novel working fluids and materials for solar systems. In essence, the main goal of his research is to provide a more efficient or more economic coupling between solar energy and useful thermal and/or electrical energy. Professor Taylor has published more than 150 peer reviewed articles in prestigious journals and serving as a potential reviewer in several international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, Sydney, Australia

Somchai Wongwises

Somchai Wongwises is currently a Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Thailand. He received his Doktor Ingenieur (Dr.-Ing.) in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Hannover, Germany, in 1994. He has published more than 400 articles in archival journals and international conferences. His research interests include Renewable Energy, Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow, Heat Transfer Enhancement, and Thermal System Design. Professor Wongwises is the head of the Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Engineering, and Multiphase Flow Research Laboratory (FUTURE). Professor Wongwises has been selected as highly cited researcher since 2017.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Thailand

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