Social Issues in Computing

Social Issues in Computing

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Authors: C. C. Gotlieb, A. Borodin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264820

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Description

Social Issues in Computing provides information pertinent to the social implications of technology. This book presents the highly dynamic interaction between computers and society. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the problems associated with computers and attempts to indicate some of the viewpoints, assumptions, and biases from which the discussion is undertaken. This text then examines in detail the effects of computers on society ad describes the extent of computer use. Other chapters consider the disparities in computer use between various countries, as well as the degree to which various countries are able to share in the market for computer products and services. This book discusses as well the factors that led to the rapid and widespread adoption of computers. The final chapter deals with the effects of automation, computers, and technology. This book is a valuable resource for computer science students and research workers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1. Problems and Issues

    1.1. The Spectrum

    1.2. Issues

    1.3. Viewpoints

    General Bibliography

    Chapter 2. Computer Use: Extent and Growth

    2.1. The Number of Installations

    2.2. Other Measures

    2.3. The Change in Quality

    2.4. Projections

    2.5. Disparities

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 3. Computer Use: Where and Why

    3.1. Areas of Use

    3.2. Motivating Forces

    3.3. Limiting Factors

    3.4. Computers in Developing Countries

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 4. Files, Data Banks, and Information Systems

    4.1. System Requirements

    4.2. Organization

    4.3. Complexity

    4.4. Record Linkage

    4.5. System Security

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 5. Information Systems and Privacy

    5.1. Personal Data

    5.2. Privacy and Information Gathering

    5.3. Data Banks and Dossiers

    5.4. Legal Guarantees to Privacy

    5.5. Balances

    5.6. Proposals and Actions

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 6. Surveying and Predicting

    6.1. Surveys about Computers

    6.2. Technological Change and Forecasting

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 7. Systems, Models, and Simulations

    7.1. Computers and Planning

    7.2. The Systems Approach

    7.3. Types of Models

    7.4. A Mathematical Simulation

    7.5. Discrete Event Simulation

    7.6. A Stochastic Discrete Event Simulation

    7.7. Social Systems

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 8. Computer Capabilities and Limitations

    8.1. Artificial Intelligence

    8.2. Thought Processes

    8.3. Computer-Assisted Instruction

    8.4. Machine Limitations

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 9. Computers and Employment

    9.1. Technology, Productivity, and the Labor Force

    9.2. Productivity and Automation: Mitigating Factors

    9.3. Automation and Skill Levels

    9.4. Automation and Attitudes

    9.5. Some Specific Considerations

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 10. The Distribution of Computer Products and Services

    10.1. Antitrust Actions

    10.2. Communications

    10.3. Protection of Software

    10.4. Standards

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 11. Shifts in Power

    11.1. Information as Power

    11.2. Centralization versus Decentralization

    11.3. Computers in the Political Process

    11.4. Computers and the Individual

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 12. Professionalization and Responsibility

    12.1. Professional Societies

    12.2. Professional Imperatives

    12.3. Social Responsibilities

    Bibliography

    Problems and Further Work

    Chapter 13. Values, Technology, and Computers

    13.1. The Nature of Values

    13.2. Technologies and Values

    13.3. Leisure

    13.4. Value Conflict

    13.5. Some Directions

    Bibliography

    Appendix. Statistical Tests

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264820

About the Authors

C. C. Gotlieb

A. Borodin

About the Editor

Werner Rheinboldt

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