Smart Textiles for Protection

Smart Textiles for Protection

1st Edition - December 10, 2012

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  • Editor: R Chapman
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090560
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097620

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Description

Smart textiles are materials and structures that sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli, and their integration into protective clothing has led to the development of products with greatly enhanced protective capabilities in hazardous situations. Smart textiles for protection provides a comprehensive analysis of smart materials used in producing protective textiles, and explores a wide range of end-use protective applications.Part one reviews smart materials and technologies. Beginning with an overview of smart textiles for protection, this section goes on to discuss types of materials, surface treatments and the use of nanofibres and smart barrier membranes. The application of sensors, actuators and computer systems in smart protective textiles is explored, followed by a review of biomimetic approaches to design. Part two investigates specific applications of smart textiles for protection. Smart technology for personal protective equipment and clothing, smart protective textiles for older people and smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications are all discussed in depth, as is the use of smart textiles in the protection of armoured vehicles and in protective clothing for fire fighters and first responders. The final chapter describes recent advances in chemical and biological protective clothing.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Smart textiles for protection is an essential guide for all those involved in the design, development and application of protective smart textiles.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive analysis of smart materials used in producing protective textiles, and explores a wide range of end-use protective applications
  • Discusses types of materials, surface treatments and the use of nanofibres and smart barrier membranes as well as the application of sensors, actuators and computer systems in smart protective textiles
  • Investigates specific applications of smart textiles for protection, including smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications

Readership

Researchers and industry professionals in the areas of textile, clothing, safety and protection; Governmental institutions in charge of funding and regulations for safety and health related technology; University students and academics in textile programs; Manufacturers in protective equipment and technical textiles

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

    Part I: Smart materials and technologies

    Chapter 1: Smart textiles for protection: an overview

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Smart textile functions for protection

    1.3 European projects on smart protective textiles

    1.4 Protective textiles and comfort

    1.5 Other functions of smart textile systems

    1.6 Systex – a European coordination action for enhancing the breakthrough of intelligent textile systems

    Chapter 2: Types of smart materials for protection

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction: smart materials for protection

    2.2 High-performance fibres for protective textiles

    2.3 Piezoelectric fibres, phase-change materials, and shape memory fibres

    2.4 Woven and knitted structures for protective textiles

    2.5 Nonwovens

    2.6 Barrier films and nanofibre membranes

    2.7 Carbon nanotubes

    2.8 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 3: Smart surface treatments for textiles for protection

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction: the role of surfaces in smart fabrics for protection

    3.2 Surface grafting

    3.3 Coating techniques

    3.4 Other surface treatment methods

    3.5 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 4: The use of nanomaterials in smart protective clothing

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Conventional materials used in protective clothing

    4.3 Use of nanoparticles in protective clothing

    4.4 Use of electrospun nanofibers and nanoparticles in protective clothing

    4.5 Applications of nanoparticles in protective textiles

    4.6 Smart textiles using nanoparticles

    4.7 Chameleon fibers

    4.8 Conclusion and future trends

    4.9 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Smart barrier membranes for protective clothing

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Principles and types of responsive barriers

    5.3 Principles and types of self-decontaminating barriers

    5.4 Advantages and challenges of responsive and self-decontaminating barriers

    5.5 Applications of responsive and self-decontaminating barriers

    5.6 Conclusion and future trends

    5.7 Sources of further information and advice

    5.8 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 6: Sensors, actuators and computing systems for smart textiles for protection

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 When textiles meet electronics

    6.3 Sensors in textiles

    6.4 Actuators in textiles

    6.5 Power

    6.6 Networks

    6.7 Future trends

    6.8 Design case study: neonatal monitoring

    6.9 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 7: Biomimetic approaches to the design of smart textiles for protection

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction: smart material design in nature

    7.2 Biomimicry of smart protective textiles

    7.3 Conclusion and future trends

    7.4 Acknowledgements

    Part II: Applications of smart textiles for protection

    Chapter 8: Smart technology for personal protective equipment and clothing

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Types of personal protective equipment and clothing

    8.3 Applications of smart clothing in personal protective equipment

    8.4 Conclusion and future trends

    8.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 9: Smart protective textiles for older people

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 The demands of the changing body

    9.3 The clothing layering system

    9.4 Smart protective textiles for older people

    9.5 Usability of the technology interface

    9.6 Conclusion

    9.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 10: Smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Technical textiles for the construction and geotechnical sectors

    10.3 Incorporating sensors into smart textiles through the use of optical fibres

    10.4 Applications of smart textiles in construction

    10.5 Future trends: the Industrial Smart Materials Applications (ISMA) initiative

    10.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 11: Smart textiles for the protection of armoured vehicles

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Understanding impact behaviour

    11.3 Bullet-proof textile composites for armoured vehicles

    11.4 Using sensor networks in composites to measure impact behaviour and material performance in situ

    11.5 Conclusion

    11.6 Future trends

    Chapter 12: Protective clothing for firefighters and rescue workers

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 The Protection e-Textiles (PROeTEX) project

    12.3 Other firefighter-related European projects

    12.4 Simulation of the firefighter market

    12.5 The Viking fire protection suit with built-in thermal sensor technology

    12.6 The Tecknisolar firefighter garment

    12.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 13: Advances in chemical and biological protective clothing

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Current chemical and biological (CB) protective clothing

    13.3 Materials for chemical and biological (CB) protective clothing

    13.4 Technologies for next generation chemical and biological (CB) clothing

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: December 10, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090560
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097620

About the Editor

R Chapman

Roger Chapman is a Technical Consultant based in Warwickshire. His background is in innovation in fibres and fabrics, especially for technical textiles. Prior to setting up his own company he was R&D Manager at Courtaulds. He is a chartered textile technologist with degrees in physics and business administration.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant, UK

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