Smart Polymers and their Applications - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857096951, 9780857097026

Smart Polymers and their Applications

1st Edition

Editors: Maria Rosa Aguilar Julio San Román
eBook ISBN: 9780857097026
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096951
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 7th February 2014
Page Count: 584
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Description

Smart polymers are polymers that respond to different stimuli or changes in the environment. Smart Polymers and their Applications reviews the types, synthesis, properties, and applications of smart polymers.

Chapters in part one focus on types of polymers, including temperature-, pH-, photo-, and enzyme-responsive polymers. Shape memory polymers, smart polymer hydrogels, and self-healing polymer systems are also explored. Part two highlights applications of smart polymers, including smart instructive polymer substrates for tissue engineering; smart polymer nanocarriers for drug delivery; the use of smart polymers in medical devices for minimally invasive surgery, diagnosis, and other applications; and smart polymers for bioseparation and other biotechnology applications. Further chapters discuss the use of smart polymers for textile and packaging applications, and for optical data storage.

Smart Polymers and their Applications is a technical resource for chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the polymer industry; manufacturers in such sectors as medical, automotive, and aerospace engineering; and academic researchers in polymer science.

Key Features

  • Reviews the different types of smart polymer, discussing their properties, structure, design, and characterization
  • Reviews applications of smart polymers in such areas as biomedical engineering, textiles, and food packaging

Readership

Researchers working in the fields of materials sciences, drug delivery, biomaterials, regenerative medicine, soft matter, and polymer science/engineering; Chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the polymer industry; Companies and research groups interested in implementing and performing research in the field of responsive materials

Table of Contents

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1. Introduction to smart polymers and their applications

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Types of smart polymer

1.3 Applications of smart polymers

1.4 Conclusion

1.5 Acknowledgments

1.6 References

Part I: Types of smart polymer

2. Temperature-responsive polymers: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Basic principles of temperature-responsive polymers in aqueous solution

2.3 Key types of temperature-responsive polymers in aqueous solution

2.4 Selected applications of thermoresponsive polymers

2.5 Conclusion

2.6 Future trends

2.7 References

3. pH-responsive polymers: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Key types and properties of pH-responsive polymers

3.3 Synthesis of pH-responsive polymers

3.4 Different methodologies for the preparation of pH-responsive polymers

3.5 Different architectures of pH-responsive polymers

3.6 Applications

3.7 Conclusion

3.8 Future trends

3.9 References

3.10 Appendix: abbreviations

4. Photo-responsive polymers: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Chromophores and their light-induced molecular response

4.3 Key types and properties of photo-responsive polymers

4.4 Applications

4.5 Conclusions and future trends

4.6 References

5. Magnetically responsive polymer gels and elastomers: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Preparation of magnetically responsive polymer gels and elastomeric materials

5.3 Magnetic properties of filler-loaded polymers

5.4 Elastic behaviour of magnetic gels and elastomers

5.5 Kinetics of shape change

5.6 The swelling equilibrium under a uniform magnetic field

5.7 Polymer gels in a non-uniform electric or magnetic field

5.8 Future trends

5.9 Acknowledgements

5.10 References

6. Enzyme-responsive polymers: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Enzyme-responsive materials: rationale, definition and history

6.3 Key types and properties of enzyme-responsive polymers

6.4 Preparation of enzyme-responsive polymers

6.5 Characterisation of enzyme-responsive polymers

6.6 Applications

6.7 Conclusion

6.8 Future trends

6.9 References

7. Shape memory polymers: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Characterizing shape memory effects in polymeric materials

7.3 Classifying shape memory polymers: classification by polymer structure

7.4 Classifying shape memory polymers: classification by type of stimulus

7.5 Main applications of smart polymers

7.6 Conclusion

7.7 References

8. Smart polymer hydrogels: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Key types and properties of smart polymer hydrogels

8.3 Applications of smart polymer hydrogels

8.4 Conclusions and future trends

8.5 References

9. Self-healing polymer systems: properties, synthesis and applications

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Types of self-healing

9.3 Self-healing and recovery of functionality in materials

9.4 Conclusion

9.5 Acknowledgements

9.6 References

Part II: Applications of smart polymers

10. Smart instructive polymer substrates for tissue engineering

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Instructive polymeric surfaces

10.3 Instructive hydrogels with a physicochemical response

10.4 Materials with 3D defined patterns

10.5 Applications in tissue engineering

10.6 Conclusion and future trends

10.7 References

11. Smart polymer nanocarriers for drug delivery

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Smart polymeric carriers for drug delivery: pH-responsive nanocarriers

11.3 Smart polymeric carriers for drug delivery: enzyme-responsive nanocarriers

11.4 Smart polymeric carriers for drug delivery: oxidation-responsive nanocarriers

11.5 Smart polymeric carriers for drug delivery: temperature-responsive nanocarriers

11.6 Smart polymeric carriers for drug delivery: nanocarriers responsive to other stimuli

11.7 Conclusion and future trends

11.8 References

12. The use of smart polymers in medical devices for minimally invasive surgery, diagnosis and other applications

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Types and preparation of smart polymers for medical devices: polymers classified by type of stimulus

12.3 Types and preparation of smart polymers for medical devices: polymers classified by structural properties

12.4 Applications: medical devices based on shape memory polymers (SMPs)

12.5 Applications: SMPs in minimally invasive surgery

12.6 Applications: medical devices for cancer diagnosis and therapy

12.7 Applications: biosensors for diagnostic medical devices

12.8 Applications: biosensors and actuators for enhanced diagnostics and therapy

12.9 Applications: microfluidics-based biomedical devices

12.10 Conclusion and future trends

12.11 References

13. Smart polymers for bioseparation and other biotechnological applications

Abstract:

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Smart polymers (SPs) for bioseparation: use in affinity precipitation

13.3 Aqueous two-phase polymer systems formed by SPs for use in bioseparation

13.4 Chromatographic carriers with grafted SPs and adsorbents produced from SPs

13.5 Membranes with SP-grafted pores

13.6 Use of smart polymers in catalysis

13.7 Conclusion and future trends

13.8 References

14. Smart polymers for textile applications

Abstract:

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Types of smart polymers for textile applications

14.3 Actuating mechanisms for smart polymers

14.4 The use of smart polymer effects in textiles

14.5 Using smart polymers in practice: medical textiles

14.5 2 Wound dressing products

14.6 Conclusion

14.7 References

15. Biopolymers for food packaging applications

Abstract:

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Coatings and active coatings in foods

15.3 Micro- and nanoencapsulation in foods

15.4 Packaging

15.5 Conclusion and future trends

15.6 References

16. Smart polymers for optical data storage

Abstract:

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Photoinduced molecular motions of azobenzene chromophores

16.3 Macromolecular architectures in azopolymers

16.4 Synthetic strategies to azopolymers for optical data storage

16.5 Photoinduced response of azobenzene polymers

16.6 Alternative macromolecular architectures for the design of azopolymers

16.7 Conclusion

16.8 References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
584
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857097026
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857096951

About the Editor

Maria Rosa Aguilar

Maria Rosa Aguilar works at the Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Spain. She is a tenured senior researcher with more than 15 years of expertise in the field of polymer therapeutics and drug targeting. She is co-author of more than 50 peer-reviewed papers and 13 book chapters, and editor of the book ‘Smart Polymers and their applications’. She is also co-inventor of 2 international patents, and founder of the CIBER-BBN Young Scientist Forum

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP), Spain

Julio San Román

Julio San Roman works at the Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Spain. He is director of the Group of Biomaterials of the Institute of Science and Technology of Polymers, CSIC, Madrid, Spain. His scientific activities are centred in the study and development of polymer systems for biomedical applications, and specifically in Tissue Engineering, Polymer Drugs and Drug Delivery Systems

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP), Spain