Sex Chromosomes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483232683, 9781483258584

Sex Chromosomes

1st Edition

Authors: Ursula Mittwoch
eBook ISBN: 9781483258584
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1967
Page Count: 316
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Description

Sex Chromosomes focuses on the study of sex chromosomes, including human chromosomal abnormalities, behavior and characteristics of chromosomes, and cell division.
The book first offers information on the chromosomal basis of sex determination, as well as development of the cell theory, mitosis, fertilization, meiosis, and discovery of sex chromosomes. The publication also ponders on the mitosis, meiosis, and formation of gametes. Discussions focus on the special characteristics of sex chromosomes, abnormalities of cell division, and sexual differentiation.
The manuscript reviews sex chromosomes in plants, Drosophila, and Lepidoptera. The book also examines sex-chromosome mechanisms that differ the classic type; sex chromosomes in fishes, amphibia, reptiles, and birds; and sex chromosomes in man. Discussions focus on normal human sex chromosomes, Turner's syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, true hermaphrodites, testicular feminization, and pseudohermaphrodites. Sex chromosomes in mammals other than man, including monotremata, marsupialia, insectivora, rodentia, and carnivora, are discussed. The publication is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of sex chromosomes.

Table of Contents


Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. The Chromosomal Basis of Sex Determination

I. Introduction

II. The Development of the Cell Theory

III. Mitosis

IV. Fertilization

V. Meiosis

VI. The Beginning of Mendelian Genetics

VII. Linkage

VIII. Nondisjunction

IX. The Discovery of Sex Chromosomes

Chapter 2. Mitosis, Meiosis, and the Formation of Gametes

I. Introduction

II. Mitosis

III. Meiosis

IV. Special Characteristics of Sex Chromosomes

V. Some Abnormalities of Cell Division

VI. The Formation of Gametes

VII. Sexual Differentiation

Chapter 3. Sex Chromosomes in Plants

1. Introduction

II. Liverworts and Mosses

III. Flowering Plants

Chapter 4. Sex Chromosomes in Drosophila

I. Introduction

II. Sex Linkage

III. Nondisjunction of the X-chromosome

IV. Sex Determination

V. Gynandromorphs

VI. Cytological Investigations

VII. Salivary Gland Chromosomes

Chapter 5. Sex Chromosomes in Lepidoptera

I. Introduction

II. Abraxas grossulariata, the Currant Moth

III. Lymantria dispar, the Gypsy Moth

IV. The Silkworm, Bombyx mori

Chapter 6. Sex-Chromosome Mechanisms Which Differ from the Classic Type

I. Introduction

II. Multiple X-Chromosomes

III. Multiple Y-Chromosomes

IV. Sex Determination by Haploid Parthenogenesis

V. Sex Chromosomes Which Are Not Morphologically Differentiated

Chapter 7. Sex Chromosomes in Fishes, Amphibia, Reptiles, and Birds

I. Introduction

II. Sex Chromosomes in Fishes

III. Sex Chromosomes in Amphibia

IV. Sex Chromosomes in Reptiles

V. Sex Chromosomes in Birds

Chapter 8. Sex Chromosomes in Man

I. Introduction

II. Findings on Human Sex Chromosomes by Traditional Techniques

III. Normal Human Sex Chromosomes

IV. Klinefelter's Syndrome

V. Turner's Syndrome

VI. Female Patients with Multiple X-Chromosomes

VII. True Hermaphrodites

VIII. Pseudohermaphrodites

IX. Testicular Feminization

X. Males with XX Sex Chromosomes

XI. Males with XYY Sex Chromosomes

XII. Double Aneuploidy, Familial Aneuploidy, and Possible Causes of Sex Chromosome Abnormalities

XIII. Sex-Linkage in Man

Chapter 9. Sex Chromosomes in Mammals Other Than Man

I. Introduction

II. Monotremata

III. Marsupialia

IV. Insectivora

V. Chiroptera

VI. Lagomorpha

VIL Rodentia

VIII. Carnivora

IX. Proboscidae

X. Perissodactyla

XL Artiodactyla

XII. Primates

XIII. Chracteristics of Mammalian Sex Chromosomes

Chapter 10. Sex Chromatin

I. Introduction

II. Some Landmarks in the Development of the Sex Chromatin Concept

III. General Properties of Barr Bodies

IV. Number of Barr Bodies per Nucleus in Man

V. Barr Bodies of Abnormal Size

VI. Late Replicating X-Chromosomes in Man

VII. The Origin of the Barr Body

VIII. Drumsticks: General Characteristics and Incidence

IX. Drumsticks in Patients with Chromosomal Abnormalities

X. The Relationship of Drumsticks to Barr Bodies

XI. Sex Chromatin in Mammals Other Than Man

XII. Late-Replicating X-Chromosomes in Different Mammals

XIII. Sex Chromatin in Animals with Female Heterogamety

XIV. Some Practical Applications of Sex-Chromatin Determinations

XV. Some Theoretical Considerations Concerning Sex Chromatin

Chapter 11. Heterochromatin

I. Introduction

II. Origin of the Concept of Heterochromatin

III. Cytological Characteristics of Heterochromatin

IV. Physicochemical Characteristics of Heterochromatin

V. Genetic Effects of Heterochromatin

Chapter 12. The Function of the Sex Chromosomes

I. Introduction

II. The Development of Sex Differences in Mammals

III. Experimentally Administered Sex Hormones and Sex Reversals

IV. Some Speculations on the Possible Mode of Action of the Sex Chromosomes

Bibliography

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
316
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1967
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483258584

About the Author

Ursula Mittwoch