Sex Chromosomes

Sex Chromosomes

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Author: Ursula Mittwoch
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258584

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Description

Sex Chromosomes focuses on the study of sex chromosomes, including human chromosomal abnormalities, behavior and characteristics of chromosomes, and cell division. The book first offers information on the chromosomal basis of sex determination, as well as development of the cell theory, mitosis, fertilization, meiosis, and discovery of sex chromosomes. The publication also ponders on the mitosis, meiosis, and formation of gametes. Discussions focus on the special characteristics of sex chromosomes, abnormalities of cell division, and sexual differentiation. The manuscript reviews sex chromosomes in plants, Drosophila, and Lepidoptera. The book also examines sex-chromosome mechanisms that differ the classic type; sex chromosomes in fishes, amphibia, reptiles, and birds; and sex chromosomes in man. Discussions focus on normal human sex chromosomes, Turner's syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, true hermaphrodites, testicular feminization, and pseudohermaphrodites. Sex chromosomes in mammals other than man, including monotremata, marsupialia, insectivora, rodentia, and carnivora, are discussed. The publication is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of sex chromosomes.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Preface

    Chapter 1. The Chromosomal Basis of Sex Determination

    I. Introduction

    II. The Development of the Cell Theory

    III. Mitosis

    IV. Fertilization

    V. Meiosis

    VI. The Beginning of Mendelian Genetics

    VII. Linkage

    VIII. Nondisjunction

    IX. The Discovery of Sex Chromosomes

    Chapter 2. Mitosis, Meiosis, and the Formation of Gametes

    I. Introduction

    II. Mitosis

    III. Meiosis

    IV. Special Characteristics of Sex Chromosomes

    V. Some Abnormalities of Cell Division

    VI. The Formation of Gametes

    VII. Sexual Differentiation

    Chapter 3. Sex Chromosomes in Plants

    1. Introduction

    II. Liverworts and Mosses

    III. Flowering Plants

    Chapter 4. Sex Chromosomes in Drosophila

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Linkage

    III. Nondisjunction of the X-chromosome

    IV. Sex Determination

    V. Gynandromorphs

    VI. Cytological Investigations

    VII. Salivary Gland Chromosomes

    Chapter 5. Sex Chromosomes in Lepidoptera

    I. Introduction

    II. Abraxas grossulariata, the Currant Moth

    III. Lymantria dispar, the Gypsy Moth

    IV. The Silkworm, Bombyx mori

    Chapter 6. Sex-Chromosome Mechanisms Which Differ from the Classic Type

    I. Introduction

    II. Multiple X-Chromosomes

    III. Multiple Y-Chromosomes

    IV. Sex Determination by Haploid Parthenogenesis

    V. Sex Chromosomes Which Are Not Morphologically Differentiated

    Chapter 7. Sex Chromosomes in Fishes, Amphibia, Reptiles, and Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Chromosomes in Fishes

    III. Sex Chromosomes in Amphibia

    IV. Sex Chromosomes in Reptiles

    V. Sex Chromosomes in Birds

    Chapter 8. Sex Chromosomes in Man

    I. Introduction

    II. Findings on Human Sex Chromosomes by Traditional Techniques

    III. Normal Human Sex Chromosomes

    IV. Klinefelter's Syndrome

    V. Turner's Syndrome

    VI. Female Patients with Multiple X-Chromosomes

    VII. True Hermaphrodites

    VIII. Pseudohermaphrodites

    IX. Testicular Feminization

    X. Males with XX Sex Chromosomes

    XI. Males with XYY Sex Chromosomes

    XII. Double Aneuploidy, Familial Aneuploidy, and Possible Causes of Sex Chromosome Abnormalities

    XIII. Sex-Linkage in Man

    Chapter 9. Sex Chromosomes in Mammals Other Than Man

    I. Introduction

    II. Monotremata

    III. Marsupialia

    IV. Insectivora

    V. Chiroptera

    VI. Lagomorpha

    VIL Rodentia

    VIII. Carnivora

    IX. Proboscidae

    X. Perissodactyla

    XL Artiodactyla

    XII. Primates

    XIII. Chracteristics of Mammalian Sex Chromosomes

    Chapter 10. Sex Chromatin

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Landmarks in the Development of the Sex Chromatin Concept

    III. General Properties of Barr Bodies

    IV. Number of Barr Bodies per Nucleus in Man

    V. Barr Bodies of Abnormal Size

    VI. Late Replicating X-Chromosomes in Man

    VII. The Origin of the Barr Body

    VIII. Drumsticks: General Characteristics and Incidence

    IX. Drumsticks in Patients with Chromosomal Abnormalities

    X. The Relationship of Drumsticks to Barr Bodies

    XI. Sex Chromatin in Mammals Other Than Man

    XII. Late-Replicating X-Chromosomes in Different Mammals

    XIII. Sex Chromatin in Animals with Female Heterogamety

    XIV. Some Practical Applications of Sex-Chromatin Determinations

    XV. Some Theoretical Considerations Concerning Sex Chromatin

    Chapter 11. Heterochromatin

    I. Introduction

    II. Origin of the Concept of Heterochromatin

    III. Cytological Characteristics of Heterochromatin

    IV. Physicochemical Characteristics of Heterochromatin

    V. Genetic Effects of Heterochromatin

    Chapter 12. The Function of the Sex Chromosomes

    I. Introduction

    II. The Development of Sex Differences in Mammals

    III. Experimentally Administered Sex Hormones and Sex Reversals

    IV. Some Speculations on the Possible Mode of Action of the Sex Chromosomes

    Bibliography

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 316
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258584

About the Author

Ursula Mittwoch

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