Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures, Volume 1 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857094322, 9780857099136

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures, Volume 1

1st Edition

Sensing Hardware and Data Collection Methods for Performance Assessment

Editors: Ming L. Wang Jerome P. Lynch Hoon Sohn
eBook ISBN: 9780857099136
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094322
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 3rd April 2014
Page Count: 598
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Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials
  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction to sensing for structural performance assessment and health monitoring
    • Abstract:
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Introduction to this book
    • 1.3 Overview of sensors and sensing system hardware
    • 1.4 Overview of sensor data interrogation and decision making
    • 1.5 Overview of application of sensing systems to operational infrastructure
    • 1.6 Future trends
    • 1.7 Conclusion
    • Books
    • 1.8 References
  • 2. Sensor data acquisition systems and architectures
    • Abstract:
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Concepts in signals and digital sampling
    • 2.3 Analog-to-digital conversion
    • 2.4 Digital-to-analog conversion
    • 2.5 Data acquisition systems
    • 2.6 Optical sensing DAQ system
    • 2.7 Conclusion and future trends
    • 2.8 References
  • 3. Commonly used sensors for civil infrastructures and their associated algorithms
    • Abstract:
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Brief review of commonly used sensing technologies
    • 3.3 Associated algorithms
    • 3.4 Examples of continuous monitoring systems
    • 3.5 Conclusions and future trends
    • 3.6 References
  • 4. Piezoelectric transducers for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Principle of piezoelectricity
    • 4.3 Piezoelectric materials and the fabrication of piezoelectric transducers
    • 4.4 Piezoelectric transducers for SHM applications
    • 4.5 Bonding effects
    • 4.6 Limitations of piezoelectric transducers
    • 4.7 SHM techniques using piezoelectric transducers
    • 4.8 Applications of piezoelectric transducer-based SHM
    • 4.9 Future trends
    • 4.10 Conclusion
    • 4.11 References
  • 5. Fiber optic sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Properties of optical fibers
    • 5.3 Common optical fiber sensors
    • 5.4 Future trends
    • 5.5 Sources for further information and advice
    • 5.6 Conclusions
    • 5.7 References
  • 6. Acoustic emission sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Fundamentals of acoustic emission (AE) technique
    • 6.3 Interpretation of AE signals
    • 6.4 AE localization methods
    • 6.5 Severity assessment
    • 6.6 AE equipment technology
    • 6.7 Field applications and structural health monitoring using AE
    • 6.8 Future challenges
    • 6.9 Conclusion
    • 6.10 References
  • 7. Nonlinear acoustic and ultrasound methods for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Fundamentals of nonlinear acousto-ultrasound techniques
    • 7.3 Harmonic and subharmonic generation
    • 7.4 Nonlinear wave modulation
    • 7.5 Nonlinear resonance ultrasound spectroscopy
    • 7.6 Future trends
    • 7.7 Conclusions
    • 7.8 References
  • 8. Radar technology: radio frequency, interferometric, millimeter wave and terahertz sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Brief history of ground penetrating radar (GPR) systems
    • 8.3 Current challenges and state of the art systems
    • 8.4 Fundamentals of operation
    • 8.5 Electromagnetic interactions with materials
    • 8.6 Transmitter and receiver design
    • 8.7 Signal processing
    • 8.8 Laboratory and field studies
    • 8.9 Conclusions and future trends
    • 8.10 References
  • 9. Electromagnetic sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 9.1 Introduction to magnetics and magnetic materials
    • 9.2 Introduction to magnetoelasticity
    • 9.3 Magnetic sensory technologies
    • 9.4 Role of microstructure in magnetization and magnetoelasticity
    • 9.5 Magnetoelastic stress sensors for tension monitoring of steel cables
    • 9.6 Temperature effects
    • 9.7 Eddy current
    • 9.8 Removable (portable) elastomagnetic stress sensor
    • 9.9 Conclusion and future trends
    • 9.10 References
  • 10. Micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Sensor materials and micromachining techniques
    • 10.3 Sensor characteristics
    • 10.4 MEMS sensors for SHM
    • 10.5 Application examples
    • 10.6 Long term technical challenges
    • 10.7 Conclusion and future trends
    • 10.8 Sources of further information and advice
    • 10.9 References
  • 11. Multifunctional materials and nanotechnology for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Properties of carbon nanomaterials
    • 11.3 Cementitious-based composites
    • 11.4 Fiber-reinforced polymer composites
    • 11.5 Polymer-based thin films
    • 11.6 Conclusion and future trends
    • 11.7 References
  • 12. Laser-based sensing for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Laser principles
    • 12.3 Laser interferometry or electronic speckle pattern interferometry
    • 12.4 Laser digital shearography
    • 12.5 Laser scanning photogrammetry
    • 12.6 Laser Doppler vibrometry
    • 12.7 Laser-ultrasound
    • 12.8 Other laser-based techniques
    • 12.9 Civil infrastructure applications
    • 12.10 Laser safety
    • 12.11 Conclusion
    • 12.12 References
  • 13. Corrosion sensing for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Principles of corrosion
    • 13.3 Corrosion evaluation techniques
    • 13.4 Corrosion sensors for field monitoring
    • 13.5 Conclusion and future trends
    • 13.6 References
  • 14. Vision-based sensing for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Vision-based measurement techniques for civil engineering applications
    • 14.3 Important issues for vision-based measurement techniques
    • 14.4 Applications for vision-based sensing techniques
    • 14.5 Conclusions
    • 14.6 Acknowledgment
    • 14.7 References
  • 15. Robotic sensing for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Vision-based robotic sensing for structural health monitoring (SHM)
    • 15.3 Remote robotic sensing for SHM
    • 15.4 Vibration-based mobile wireless sensors
    • 15.5 Conclusions and future trends
    • 15.6 References
  • 16. Design and selection of wireless structural monitoring systems for civil infrastructures
    • Abstract:
    • 16.1 Introduction
    • 16.2 Overview of wireless networks
    • 16.3 Hardware design and selection
    • 16.4 Wireless sensor network software
    • 16.5 Conclusion and future trends
    • 16.6 Acknowledgments
    • 16.7 References
  • 17. Permanent installation of wireless structural monitoring systems in infrastructure systems
    • Abstract:
    • 17.1 Introduction
    • 17.2 Case study I – The Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, California, USA
    • 17.3 Case study II – The Stork Bridge, Winterthur, Switzerland
    • 17.4 Case study III – Jindo Bridge, Haenam/Jindo, South Korea
    • 17.5 Case study IV – New Carquinez Bridge, Vallejo/ Crockett, California, USA
    • 17.6 Conclusion
    • 17.7 Acknowledgments
    • 17.8 References
  • 18. Energy harvesting for infrastructure sensing systems
    • Abstract:
    • 18.1 Introduction
    • 18.2 Harvester dynamic modeling
    • 18.3 Power availability and the optimal harvesting admittance
    • 18.4 Power extraction circuits
    • 18.5 Ongoing advancements and future directions
    • 18.6 References
  • Index

Description

Sensors are used for civil infrastructure performance assessment and health monitoring, and have evolved significantly through developments in materials and methodologies. Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure Volume I provides an overview of sensor hardware and its use in data collection.

The first chapters provide an introduction to sensing for structural performance assessment and health monitoring, and an overview of commonly used sensors and their data acquisition systems. Further chapters address different types of sensor including piezoelectric transducers, fiber optic sensors, acoustic emission sensors, and electromagnetic sensors, and the use of these sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures. Developments in technologies applied to civil infrastructure performance assessment are also discussed, including radar technology, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and nanotechnology.

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure provides a standard reference for structural and civil engineers, electronics engineers, and academics with an interest in the field.

Key Features

  • Describes sensing hardware and data collection, covering a variety of sensors
  • Examines fiber optic systems, acoustic emission, piezoelectric sensors, electromagnetic sensors, ultrasonic methods, and radar and millimeter wave technology
  • Covers strain gauges, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), multifunctional materials and nanotechnology for sensing, and vision-based sensing and lasers

Readership

Practitioners, researchers, and government officials in the fields of civil engineering, structural engineering, bridge design, bridge inspection, and infrastructure maintenance; Civil, structural, and geotechnical engineers and professionals interested in SHM in the domains of safety, maintenance, design or construction of infrastructure; Researchers and professors of civil engineering whose area is SHM, or use SHM as a tool in their research


Details

No. of pages:
598
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857099136
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857094322

About the Editors

Ming L. Wang Editor

Distinguished Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northeastern University, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Northeastern University, USA

Jerome P. Lynch Editor

Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, USA

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Michigan, USA

Hoon Sohn Editor

Professor Hoon Sohn, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea.

Affiliations and Expertise

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea