Science, Technology and the Future - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080247434, 9781483147024

Science, Technology and the Future

1st Edition

Soviet Scientists' Analysis of the Problems of and Prospects for the Development of Science and Technology and Their Role in Society

Editors: E. P. Velikhov J. M. Gvishiani S. R. Mikulinsky
eBook ISBN: 9781483147024
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 488
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Description

Science, Technology and the Future is an analysis of the problems of and prospects for the development of science and technology and their role in society. Drawing on the perspectives of Soviet scientists, this book examines the relation between society and nature as well as the prospects for resolving ecological problems with the aid of science and technology. This book is comprised of 33 chapters and begins with a discussion on the role of science and technology in modern society and their place in the solution of global problems. The axiological and ethical aspects of the development of science and the mechanism of scientific and technical progress, economics, and social development are also considered. The next section deals with concrete questions pertaining to the development of natural and technical sciences and their significance for the future of mankind, with emphasis on the role of science in the development of productive forces; the state of and the prospects for resolving the energy problem; the most important achievements in the leading branches of physics, chemistry, and biology; opportunities for utilizing space research for man's daily needs; oceanology and geology in the year 2000; science and fertility of the soils; materials for the technology of the future; and prospects for the development of automation and man's place in future production. This monograph will be of interest to sociologists, environmentalists, and science policymakers.

Table of Contents


Preface

Section 1. Science in the Modern World

Topical Problems of Our Time and the Integration of Knowledge

Methodological Problems of Global Development Modeling

Science and Social Control for Development Purposes

Scientific and Technological Progress, Economics and Social Development

Regional Economics—A New Branch of Economics

From the Revolution in the Natural Sciences to the Scientific and Technological Revolution

The Future of High-Energy Physics

Modern Science and Humanism

Scientist and Epoch

Section 2. Natural and Technical Sciences and Mankind's Future

Energy and Physics

The Energy Situation in the World (Problems and Prospects)

The Present and the Future of Chemical Kinetics

High-Temperature Superconductivity

Solid-State Physics and Its Role in Science and Practice

Mechanics and Scientific and Technical Progress

Engineering Cybernetics and Scientific and Technological Progress

Space Exploration for the Benefit of Man

The Ocean—a Challenge to Man and Science

Geology in the Year 2000

The Progress of Chemistry, Chemical Technology and Industry in the USSR

Formation and Development of the Soviet Metallurgical Machine-Building Industry

The Prospects of Chemical Technology

Towards New Frontiers of Research on Basic Phenomena of Life

Towards an Understanding of the Secrets of Life

Photosynthesis and the "Sum of Life" on Earth

Automation and Man

The Problems of Medicine in the Industrial Age

Section 3. Science and the Solution of Ecological Problems

Monitoring, the Comprehensive Analysis and Control of the Natural Environment Quality

Biosphere, Soil Cover and Their Changes

City Hygiene

Scientific and Technical Progress. The Environment and Man

Social Progress and Resolving of Ecological Problems

Added at Proof Stage (Section 2)

Chemical and Biological Kinetics

Index

Details

No. of pages:
488
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483147024

About the Editor

E. P. Velikhov

J. M. Gvishiani

S. R. Mikulinsky