Science, Technology and the Future is an analysis of the problems of and prospects for the development of science and technology and their role in society. Drawing on the perspectives of Soviet scientists, this book examines the relation between society and nature as well as the prospects for resolving ecological problems with the aid of science and technology. This book is comprised of 33 chapters and begins with a discussion on the role of science and technology in modern society and their place in the solution of global problems. The axiological and ethical aspects of the development of science and the mechanism of scientific and technical progress, economics, and social development are also considered. The next section deals with concrete questions pertaining to the development of natural and technical sciences and their significance for the future of mankind, with emphasis on the role of science in the development of productive forces; the state of and the prospects for resolving the energy problem; the most important achievements in the leading branches of physics, chemistry, and biology; opportunities for utilizing space research for man's daily needs; oceanology and geology in the year 2000; science and fertility of the soils; materials for the technology of the future; and prospects for the development of automation and man's place in future production. This monograph will be of interest to sociologists, environmentalists, and science policymakers.
Preface Section 1. Science in the Modern World Topical Problems of Our Time and the Integration of Knowledge Methodological Problems of Global Development Modeling Science and Social Control for Development Purposes Scientific and Technological Progress, Economics and Social Development Regional Economics—A New Branch of Economics From the Revolution in the Natural Sciences to the Scientific and Technological Revolution The Future of High-Energy Physics Modern Science and Humanism Scientist and Epoch Section 2. Natural and Technical Sciences and Mankind's Future Energy and Physics The Energy Situation in the World (Problems and Prospects) The Present and the Future of Chemical Kinetics High-Temperature Superconductivity Solid-State Physics and Its Role in Science and Practice Mechanics and Scientific and Technical Progress Engineering Cybernetics and Scientific and Technological Progress Space Exploration for the Benefit of Man The Ocean—a Challenge to Man and Science Geology in the Year 2000 The Progress of Chemistry, Chemical Technology and Industry in the USSR Formation and Development of the Soviet Metallurgical Machine-Building Industry The Prospects of Chemical Technology Towards New Frontiers of Research on Basic Phenomena of Life Towards an Understanding of the Secrets of Life Photosynthesis and the "Sum of Life" on Earth Automation and Man The Problems of Medicine in the Industrial Age Section 3. Science and the Solution of Ecological Problems Monitoring, the Comprehensive Analysis and Control of the Natural Environment Quality Biosphere, Soil Cover and Their Changes City Hygiene Scientific and Technical Progress. The Environment and Man Social Progress and Resolving of Ecological Problems Added at Proof Stage (Section 2) Chemical and Biological Kinetics Ind
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- © Pergamon 1980
- 1st January 1980
- eBook ISBN: