Science and Technology in Development Planning

Science and Technology in Development Planning

Science, Technology and Global Problems

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Editor: Victor L. Urquidi
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153506

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Description

Science and Technology in Development Planning: Science, Technology and Global Problems covers the proceedings of the Symposium on Science and Technology Development Planning. The book presents several papers that tackle one of the agendas of the symposium, intended to convey to the reader the main lines of thought brought to the symposium and to illustrate various approaches. The 17 chapters of the text are organized into five parts, according to what agenda they cover. The first part tackles the interaction between science and technology and long-range development goals and strategies, while the second part deals with the science and technology in sectoral planning. Part III covers the incorporation of science and technology in the techniques of development planning; Part IV discusses the planning of science and technology in the development process. The last part talks about international cooperation. The book will be of great interest to readers cornered with the progress of science and how it will influence the world.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction

    Part I. The General Context: Interaction between Science and Technology and Long-range Development Goals and Strategies

    1. Science and Technology Planning: Possibilities and Limitations

    Introduction and Summary

    Should Science and Technology Be Planned

    Can Science and Technology Be Planned

    How should Science and Technology Be Planned

    Concluding Note

    2. Planning - Prospective Analysis and Science and Technology Policy

    Science and Technology in the Government

    Functions of Science and Technology Policy

    Formats of Science and Technology Policy

    S & T Policy and Strategic Planning

    Modes of Integrations of S & T Policy in General Policies

    3. Long-term Planning, Technological Forecasting and Underdevelopment; Thinking on the Unlikely

    Introduction

    Underdevelopment: An Unblessed Condition

    The Case for Long-term Planning (LTP)

    The Case for Technological Forecasting (TF)

    LTP, TF and Development: Linkages and Tensions

    4. Programming and Guiding of Science and Technology Development: Some Global Problems with Reference to the International Development Strategy

    Part II. Science and Technology in Sectoral Planning

    5. Energy Technologies for the Third World

    6. The Role of Technology in Planning for the Capital Goods Industry

    Introduction

    The Role of the Capital Goods Industry in the Development of Advanced Economies

    Capital Goods in the Industrialization of Latin America

    Planning the Development of the Capital Goods Industry in Mexico

    The Impact of Technology on the Process of Planning for Capital Goods Development

    7. Planning of Development, Science and Technology: The Case of the Mexican Agrarian Sector

    The Shaping of a Crisis

    The Component Elements

    Planning, Science and Technology

    Part III. Incorporation of Science and Technology in the Techniques of Development Planning

    8. Information in the Service of Development

    Introduction

    The Problem of National Information

    Information from Other Countries

    Specialized Information Centers

    Conclusion

    9. Development is a Systems Problem; Can Systems Analysis Help

    Development is a Systems Problem

    Systems Analysis is a Developing Craft

    Systems Analysis can Contribute to Development

    Applying Systems Analysis to Development is Necessary, but Difficult

    Conclusion

    10. Technology Assessment in Planning for Development

    Introduction

    Needs for Technology Assessment

    Relationship to Planning

    Interest for the United Nations' System

    Relationship to Technological Choices

    A Point of View

    The Conceptual Value

    Activities of the United Nations

    Technology Assessment Defined

    Technology Assessment and Appropriate Technology

    Promoting Public Participation

    Ensuring Accountability

    Multiplying Resources

    Conclusion

    Part IV. The Planning of Science and Technology in the Development Process

    11. Science and Technology Planning in LDCs: Major Policy Issues

    12. Notes on Science, Technology and Development Planning

    Introduction

    A Review of the State of the Art in S & T Planning

    Towards a Conceptual Framework to Link Science, Technology and Development

    Possible New Directions for S & T Planning

    13. National Financial Institutions and Technology Development: A Preliminary Review

    Introduction

    Finance and Technology: A Historical Perspective

    Finance and Technology: A Conceptual Framework

    Finance and Technology: The Indian Experiment

    Brazil

    Colombia

    Conclusions

    14. The Role and Function of a Scientific and Technological Infrastructure in the Context of Development Policy

    Introduction

    Concepts

    The Importance of a Scientific and Technological Infrastructure in a Developing Country

    Common Deficiencies in Science and Technology Policies

    Specific Recommendations for UNCSTD

    Part V. International Cooperation

    15. Science and Technology in Development Planning: The International Dimension

    Introduction

    The Role of S & T in Development

    Science and Technology: The International Dimension

    16. Negotiating with MNCs for Technology-Sharing Agreements

    Latin American Motives and Strategies

    Corporate Motivations and Strategies

    U.S. - Latin American Technology Sharing Agreements

    Negotiating for Technology Sharing Agreements

    17. Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (TCDC)- A Viable Instrument of Collective Self-Reliance

    Collective Self-reliance - an Element of the NIEO Program, But Still of Marginal Importance

    TCDC - A Position of Withdrawal rather than of Progress

    Identifying the Reformist Potential of TCDC

    Minimum Conditions of Success

    Evaluating the Outcome of the Buenos Aires Conference on TCDC

    Conclusions

    List of Authors


Product details

  • No. of pages: 204
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153506

About the Editor

Victor L. Urquidi

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