Robotics and Automation in the Food Industry

Robotics and Automation in the Food Industry

Current and Future Technologies

1st Edition - December 3, 2012

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  • Editor: Darwin Caldwell
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845698010
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095763

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Description

The implementation of robotics and automation in the food sector offers great potential for improved safety, quality and profitability by optimising process monitoring and control. Robotics and automation in the food industry provides a comprehensive overview of current and emerging technologies and their applications in different industry sectors.Part one introduces key technologies and significant areas of development, including automatic process control and robotics in the food industry, sensors for automated quality and safety control, and the development of machine vision systems. Optical sensors and online spectroscopy, gripper technologies, wireless sensor networks (WSN) and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems are discussed, with consideration of intelligent quality control systems based on fuzzy logic. Part two goes on to investigate robotics and automation in particular unit operations and industry sectors. The automation of bulk sorting and control of food chilling and freezing is considered, followed by chapters on the use of robotics and automation in the processing and packaging of meat, seafood, fresh produce and confectionery. Automatic control of batch thermal processing of canned foods is explored, before a final discussion on automation for a sustainable food industry.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Robotics and automation in the food industry is an indispensable guide for engineering professionals in the food industry, and a key introduction for professionals and academics interested in food production, robotics and automation.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive overview of current and emerging robotics and automation technologies and their applications in different industry sectors
  • Chapters in part one cover key technologies and significant areas of development, including automatic process control and robotics in the food industry and sensors for automated quality and safety control
  • Part two investigates robotics and automation in particular unit operations and industry sectors, including the automation of bulk sorting and the use of robotics and automation in the processing and packaging of meat, seafood, fresh produce and confectionery

Readership

Research and developers in the food processing industry; Mechanical, manufacturing and food engineers; Those in the packaging, automation and robotics industries

Table of Contents

  • Part I: Introduction, key technologies and significant areas of development

    Chapter 1: Automatic process control for the food industry: an introduction

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Process control systems and structure in the food industry

    1.3 Process control methods in the food industry

    1.4 Future trends

    Chapter 2: Robotics in the food industry: an introduction

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Current manufacturing procedures

    2.3 Automation in the food sector

    2.4 Specifications for a food sector robot

    2.5 Future trends

    2.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Sensors for automated food process control: an introduction

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Special considerations for food instrumentation

    3.3 Measurement methods

    3.4 Device integration

    3.5 Applications of sensors in automated food process control

    3.6 Future trends

    3.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 4: Machine vision in the food industry

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Machine vision: principles and methods

    4.3 Applications and case studies

    4.4 Recent advances in the application of vision in the food industry

    4.5 Appraisal of the need for special hardware for food inspection applications

    4.6 Conclusion and future trends

    4.7 Acknowledgements

    4.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Optical sensors and online spectroscopy for automated quality and safety inspection of food products

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Optical sensing and spectroscopic techniques

    5.3 Applications in the food industry

    5.4 Future trends

    5.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 6: Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and related systems for automated process control in the food industry: an introduction

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction to Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

    6.2 History of SCADA

    6.3 SCADA standards and applications

    6.4 SCADA in food processing

    6.5 Laboratory study: implementation of SCADA

    6.6 Future trends in SCADA

    Chapter 7: Gripper technologies for food industry robots

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Gripper challenges in food process automation

    7.3 Gripping physics

    7.4 Pinching and enclosing grippers

    7.5 Penetrating (needle) grippers

    7.6 Suction grippers

    7.7 Surface effect (freeze) grippers

    7.8 Selection of the appropriate gripping technology

    7.9 Future trends: from laboratory to industry

    Chapter 8: Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in the agricultural and food industries

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Current state of development of WSNs

    8.3 WSN applications in agriculture and food production

    8.4 Future trends in WSN technology in agriculture and food production

    Chapter 9: Intelligent quality control systems in food processing based on fuzzy logic

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Principles of intelligent control systems using fuzzy logic

    9.3 Current applications in the food industry

    9.4 Advances in research and future trends

    Chapter 10: Advanced methods for the control of food processes: the case of bioconversion in a fed-batch reactor

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 The basic dynamical model

    10.3 Modelling issues: population balance modelling in food processes

    10.4 Monitoring issues: tuning of observer-based estimators

    10.5 Design of PID controllers for fed-batch processes

    10.6 Real-time optimization

    10.7 Acknowledgements

    10.8 Conclusion

    Part II: Robotics and automation in particular unit operations and industry sectors

    Chapter 11: Automation and robotics for bulk sorting in the food industry

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Principles of operation

    11.3 Requirements

    11.4 Recent advances in technology

    11.5 Current applications

    11.6 Conclusion

    11.7 Future trends

    11.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 12: Automatic control of food chilling and freezing

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction: key drivers and challenges for automatic control of food chilling and freezing

    12.2 Automation in refrigerated food retail display

    12.3 Automation of refrigeration and freezing operations in food catering

    12.4 Automation in refrigerated food transport systems

    12.5 Automation in food chilling and freezing systems

    12.6 Automation in food cold storage systems

    12.7 Advances in research and future trends

    12.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 13: Robotics and automation in meat processing

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Automation of carcass production processes before primary chilling

    13.3 Automation of carcass separation processes after primary chilling

    13.4 Future trends

    13.5 Conclusion

    13.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 14: Robotics and automation in the poultry industry: current technology and future trends

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Robotics and automation in live hanging and first processing of poultry

    14.3 Robotics and automation in second processing of poultry

    14.4 Robotics and automation in bulk packing and shipping of poultry meat

    14.5 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Robotics and automation in seafood processing

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Technologies for robotics and automation in the seafood industry

    15.3 Application of robotics and automation in fish slaughtering, filleting, portioning and associated unit operations

    15.4 Automation in other unit operations in fish processing

    15.5 Future trends

    15.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 16: Robotics and automation in the fresh produce industry

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Machine vision system as a key technology

    16.3 Vegetable preprocessing and grading systems

    16.4 Information flow for food traceability and farming guidance

    16.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 17: Robotics and automation for packaging in the confectionery industry

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 The confectionery market and its business requirements

    17.3 Reconfigurable mechanism technology

    17.4 Case study of a reconfigurable system for carton folding

    17.5 Future trends

    17.6 Conclusion

    17.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 18: Automatic control of batch thermal processing of canned foods

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction1

    18.2 On-line control strategies

    18.3 Validation of computer-based control systems

    18.4 Industrial automation of batch retorts

    18.5 Advances in research and future trends

    Chapter 19: Automation for a sustainable food industry: computer aided analysis and control engineering methods

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Definition of sustainability and links with the food industry

    19.3 Automation and sustainability in food manufacturing

    19.4 Tools for automated sustainable design and operation in food engineering

    19.5 Advanced tools and methods for sustainable food engineering with potential applications

    19.6 Software technologies for automated sustainable design

    19.7 Conclusions and future trends

    19.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: December 3, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845698010
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095763

About the Editor

Darwin Caldwell

Professor Darwin Caldwell is the award-winning Research Director at the Italian Institute of Technology in Genoa, Italy and a visiting professor in the Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering at the University of Sheffield, UK. Currently Chair of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Chapter (UKRI), Professor Caldwell has both edited and published extensively in the field.

Affiliations and Expertise

Italian Institute of Technology, Italy

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