Rikisha to Rapid Transit

Rikisha to Rapid Transit

Urban Public Transport Systems and Policy in Southeast Asia

1st Edition - January 1, 1986

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  • Author: Peter J. Rimmer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483150529

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Rikisha to Rapid Transit: Urban Public Transport Systems and Policy in Southeast Asia examines the historical development of urban public transport systems and policy in Southeast Asia. The focus is on the passenger transport sector of the urban economy and the dilemmas facing decision-makers with regard to the choice of technology and organization. The prime target of the monograph is the development studies field in which urban public transport has been a neglected topic. The book is organized into three parts. Part 1 assesses Western, Japanese, and overseas Chinese models and their relevance to decision-making in Southeast Asia. Part 2 examines the evolution of transport systems and policy in five capitals (Singapore, Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, and Kuala Lumpur) and several provincial cities (Penang, Surabaya, Davao City, Chiang Mai, Baguio and Metro Cebu). Part 3 brings out the implications of this study for theory and practice. The argument is structured in this way in order to preserve the historical sequence which will become progressively clearer as the study unfolds, particularly as there is ""a very positive indication...that the transport situation in cities results as much from historical development as from the interaction of forces currently at play.""

Table of Contents

  • List of Tables

    List of Figures

    List of Plates


    Introduction The Modernization and Incorporation Process

    Part I Western, Japanese and Overseas Chinese Models

    The Miracle Workers

    Chapter 1 London, Boston and Belfast: The Western Experience

    London 1800-1933



    Lessons for Southeast Asian Cities

    Chapter 2 Tokyo: the Japanese Thrust



    Since 1945

    A Primer for East and Southeast Asia

    Chapter 3 Hong Kong: The Overseas Chinese Filter

    The First Stanza: Sedan Chairs and Rikisha to Omnibuses

    The Second Stanza: Public Light Bus to Mass Transit Railway

    An Overseas Chinese Model

    Part II Public Transport in Southeast Asian Cities

    Local Flavor

    Chapter 4 Singapore: The Model for Southeast Asia's Capital Cities


    Electric Tramway's, 'Mosquito' Buses and Trolley Buses

    Restructuring the Chinese Bus Companies

    Singapore's Buses — The Last Stanza

    Singapore's Transport Strategy

    The Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) System Debate

    Lost Innocence

    Chapter 5 Jakarta, Manila and Bangkok: The Conventional Models for Provincial Cities

    Southeast Asian Capital City Transport Strategy

    Elimination: Dissolving Paratransit Enterprises in Jakarta

    Consortia, Co-operatives and Light Rail Transit: Restructuring in Manila

    Bangkok Mass Transit Authority Postscript: The 'Low Cost Strategy'

    Chapter 6 Kuala Lumpur: The Unconventional Model for Provincial Cities

    The 'Unconventional' Approach

    Shortcomings of Urban Public Transport in the Early Seventies

    The Mass Transit Minibus System

    The Minibus Loan Project

    Up in the Air

    Chapter 7 Provincial Cities: The Choice between Conventional and Unconventional Models

    A Provincial City Transport Strategy

    Penang's Dilemma

    Surabaya: The Conventional Choice

    Chiang Mai: the Unconventional Choice

    Implications for Penang and other Malaysian Provincial Cities

    Part III Implications for Theory and Practice


    Chapter 8 Modernization and Incorporation Revisited: A Theoretical Reprise

    The Modernization and Incorporation Process Reviewed

    Theoretical Bases of Transport Policies

    A New Framework

    Bureaucratic versus Market Forces

    New Directions

    Conclusion Twenty Years Down the Track

    Appendix I Travel Characteristics of Cities in Advanced Capitalist Countries and Southeast Asia

    Appendix II Statistical Sources



    Author Index

    Place Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 414
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1986
  • Published: January 1, 1986
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483150529

About the Author

Peter J. Rimmer

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